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Napoli

Napoli is a football (soccer) club from Italy.

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About Napoli

Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli, commonly referred to as Napoli, is a professional Football in Italy club based in Naples and founded in 1926 (refounded in 2004). The club has spent most of its history in Serie A, where it currently plays its 2011–12 Serie A season.
Napoli has won Serie A twice, in 1986–87 Serie A and 1989–90 Serie A.

The club has had several name changes since first appearing in 1926; the most important of these was in 1964, when it was changed from Associazione Calcio Napoli to Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli. The most recent change was in 2004, when the club went Bankruptcy but was refounded by film producer Aurelio De Laurentiis as Napoli Soccer; he restored the name to Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli in early 2006. Neapolitans such as Conforti, Catterina and Amedeo Salsi were also involved, the latter of which was the club's first president. The original kit of the club was a sky blue and navy blue striped shirt, with black shorts. The name of the club was shortened to Naples Foot-Ball Club in 1906.

Early into its existence, the Italian Football Championship was limited to just Northern Italy clubs, so Southern clubs competed against sailors or in cups such as Thomas Lipton's Lipton Challenge Cup. In the cup competed between Naples and U.S. Città di Palermo, Naples won three finals. The foreign contingent at the club broke off in 1912 to form U.S. Internazionale Napoli, Though the sides had a keen rivalry in the Campania section, they were not as successful outside of it and a few years after World War I, they merged as Foot-Ball Club Internazionale-Naples, also known as FBC Internaples.

Associazione Calcio Napoli

Under the presidency of Giorgio Ascarelli, the club changed its name to Associazione Calcio Napoli on 23 August 1926. After a poor start, with a sole point in an entire championship, Napoli was readmitted to Serie A's forerunner National Division by the Italian FA, and began to improve thanks in part to Paraguayan-born Attila Sallustro, who was the first fully fledged hero to the fans. He was a capable goal-scorer and eventually set the all-time goal-scoring record for Napoli, which still stands today.

Napoli entered the Serie A-era under the management of William Garbutt. During his six-year stint, the club would be dramatically transformed, frequently finishing in the top half of the table. For the years leading up to World War II Napoli went into decline, surviving relegation in 1939–40 Serie A by goal average. The club bounced back to ensure top flight football at the start of the 1950s. Napoli moved to their new home ground Stadio San Paolo in 1959. Despite erratic league form with highs and lows during this period, including a further relegation and promotion, Napoli had some cup success when they beat SPAL 1907 to lift the Coppa Italia in 1962, with goals from Gianni Corelli and Pierluigi Ronzon. Their fourth relegation cut celebrations short the following season.

The trend of Napoli performing well in the league continued into the 1970s, with third place spots in 1970–71 Serie A and 1973–74 Serie A. Under the coaching of former player Luís Vinício, this gained them entry into the early UEFA Europa League competitions; in 1974–75 UEFA Cup they reached the third round knocking out F.C. Porto 2–0 on the way. During the 1974–75 Serie A, Napoli finished second in Serie A; just two points behind champions Juventus F.C.. Napoli were entered into the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup for 1976–77 European Cup Winners' Cup, where they reached the semi-finals, losing 2–1 on aggregate to R.S.C. Anderlecht. The club won their second Coppa Italia trophy in 1975–76 Coppa Italia, knocking out A.C. Milan and ACF Fiorentina en route, before beating rivals Hellas Verona F.C. 4–0 in the final. The squad was gradually re-built, with the likes of Ciro Ferrara, Salvatore Bagni, and Fernando De Napoli filling the ranks. for Neapolitans, which stretched beyond the realms of just football.

Napoli added their second Serie A title in 1989–90 Serie A, beating Milan by two points in the title race.

San Paolo was the only stadium during the competition where the Argentine National Anthem wasn't jeered,

Decline and rebirth

Though the club finished fourth during the 1991–92 Serie A season, Napoli gradually went into decline after that season, both financially and on the field. Players such as Gianfranco Zola, Daniel Fonseca, Ciro Ferrara and Careca had all departed by 1994. Though Napoli did manage to qualify for the 1994–95 UEFA Cup UEFA Cup, reaching the third round and in 1996–97 Coppa Italia, Napoli appeared at the Coppa Italia final, but lost 3–1 to Vicenza Calcio. Napoli's league form had dropped lower, and relegation to Serie B came at the end of 1997–98 Serie A when they recorded only two wins all season. They failed to gain promotion following this and slipped further down. By 2004 in association football, Napoli was declared bankrupt with debts estimated up to €70 million. To secure football in the city, film producer Aurelio De Laurentiis refounded the club under the name Napoli Soccer, The 2005–06 Serie C1, they secured promotion to Serie B and De Laurentiis bought back the club's history, restoring its name to Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli in May 2006. Napoli finished the season placed 8th in the Serie A, enough to secure a place in the UEFA Intertoto Cup third round. That same year, Napoli also defeated five major teams, A.C. Milan, F.C. Internazionale Milano, Juventus F.C., ACF Fiorentina, and Udinese Calcio.

The 2008–09 season saw Napoli qualifying to the UEFA Europa League via Intertoto Cup. However, the team was eliminated in the first round by Portuguese team S.L. Benfica. At the domestic level, Napoli made a very impressive start, proposing as one of the main candidates for a Champions League spot; however, results and performances quickly declined in mid-season, causing Napoli to fall down to 11th place in the league table, and leading to the dismissal of manager Edy Reja in March 2009, with Roberto Donadoni being appointed as his replacement.

Despite reinforcements in the summer transfer window, Napoli began the 2009–10 season began with a number of poor results. After a 2–1 loss to A.S. Roma in October 2009, Donadoni was relieved of his duties and replaced by former U.C. Sampdoria manager, Walter Mazzarri. Under Mazzarri, Napoli climbed up the table, before finishing in 6th place to qualify for the UEFA Europa League. Napoli, under Mazzarri's guide and reinforced by players such as Edinson Cavani, spent part of the 2010-11 Serie A season in the second place, finally finishing third and qualifying directly to the group phase of the 2011–12 UEFA Champions League.

Players





Out on loan



Retired numbers

- 10 – Diego Armando Maradona, Striker, 1984–91

Notable players



Presidents

Below is the official presidential history of Napoli, from when Giorgio Ascarelli took over at the club in 1926, until the present day.


holds Napoli's official appearance record, having made 502 over the course of 16 years from 1962 until 1978. Juliano also holds the record for league appearances with 394.

The biggest ever victory recorded by Napoli was 8–1 against Aurora Pro Patria 1919, in the Serie A 1955-56 season of Serie A. Napoli's heaviest championship defeat came during the Italian Football Championship 1927-28 season when eventual champions Torino Calcio beat them 11–0. Originally while using the name Naples FBC, the colours of the club implemented two shades of blue. Since the 1920s however, a singular blue tone has been used in the form of azure; as thus they share the nickname azzurri with the Italy national football team.

One of the nicknames of Napoli is I ciucciarelli which means "the little donkeys" in the local dialect, they were given this name after a particularly poor performance during the Italian Football Championship 1926-27 season. It was originally meant to be derogatory, as the Neapolitan symbol is a rampant black horse, the club however adopted the donkey as a mascot called O Ciuccio, displaying it with pride.

The club badge Napoli are most famous for is a large N placed within a circle. This crest can be traced back to U.S. Internazionale Napoli, who used a similar design on their shirts. Since the club officially adopted the N badge as its representative, Napoli have altered it slightly at various times; sometimes it features the club's name around it, sometimes it does not. The main difference between each badge is the shade of blue used. Usually the N is white, although it has occasionally been gold.

Partenopei is a popular nickname for the club and people from the city of Naples in general. It is derived from Greek mythology where the siren Parthenópē tried to enchant Odysseus from his ship to Capri. In the story Odysseus had his men tie him to the ship's mast so he was able to resist the song of the siren; as a result Parthenope, unable to live with the rejection of her love, drowned herself and her body was washed up upon the shore of Naples.

Sponsors and manufacturers

{. In terms of location Napoli and Roma are quite close, together they compete in the Derby del Sole ("Derby of the Sun"), a rivalry which was at its peak in the 1980s. There are also strong rivalries with S.S. Lazio and Hellas Verona F.C., as well as local Campanian ones with Salernitana Calcio 1919 and U.S. Avellino.

Conversely, the fans of Napoli have a long standing friendship with Genoa C.F.C., which goes back to 1982, and with U.S. Città di Palermo and Catania Calcio. On the last day of the 2006–07 Serie B season, the club drew 0–0 with Genoa ensuring both were promoted back into Serie A; Genoa ultras could be seen holding up banners saying "Benvenuto fratello napoletano", meaning "Welcome, Neapolitan brother".

SSC Napoli as a company


Since refound in 2004, SSC Napoli had a sustainable management strategy. The club has one of thee largest supporting group in Italy which was the main source of income, in terms of gate revenue and TV rights. Except the first few seasons, Napoli made an aggregate profit in successive years: in 2004–05 and 2005–06 season the net loss were €7,061,463 and €9,088,780. In 2006–07 Serie B, Napoli made its first profit of €1,416,976 The first Serie A season made new born Napoli had a net profit of €11,911,041 It followed by a net profit of €10,934,520, due to the income from European matches was offset by the increase in cost. In 2009–10 season, Napoli heavily invested on players, made that season had a net profit of just €343,686. In 2010–11 Serie A, Napoli returned to the right track with €4,197,829 net profit. It was due to the new collective TV rights of Serie A.

Honours

National titles

European titles


Rankings


UEFA club coefficient ranking

(As of 23 February 2012), Source:

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