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TSV 1860 München

TSV 1860 München is a football (soccer) club from Germany.

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About TSV 1860 München

Turn- und Sportverein München von 1860, commonly known as TSV 1860 München or 1860 Munich, is a German sports club based in Munich, Bavaria. The club's association football :Category:German football clubs plays in the 2. Fußball-Bundesliga, after relegation from the Fußball-Bundesliga following the Fußball-Bundesliga 2003–04. The club was one of the founding members of the Bundesliga in 1963 and has played a total of 20 seasons in the top flight.

History

Origins of the club

The roots of the TSVs founding as a physical fitness and gymnastics association go back to a meeting held 15 July 1848 in a local pub, Buttleschen Brauerei zum Bayerischen Löwen. It was a time of revolutionary ferment due to the Revolutions of 1848 in the German states Bavaria, and the club was banned in 1849 by the Bavarian monarchy for "republican activities". The club was formally reestablished on 17 May 1860 and after mergers with a number of other local associations in 1862 was known as Turnverein München. A football department was created on 6 March 1899 and played its first matches against other squads three years later.

From the turn of the 20th century to WWII

In 1911, the team adopted the familiar lion to their crest and in 1919 was re-named TSV München 1860. By the mid 1920s they were playing competitive football in the country's upper leagues, like the Bezirksliga Bayern, making a national semi-final appearance in 1927. Die Löwen challenged for the championship in 1931 but dropped a 2:3 decision to Hertha BSC Berlin. Two years later they made another semi-final appearance which they lost to FC Schalke 04 who were on their way to becoming the dominant side in German football through the 1930s and 40s.

In 1933, German football was re-organized under the Third Reich into 16 top-flight divisions known as Gauliga. TSV joined the Gauliga Bayern where they earned second place finishes in 1934, 1938, and 1939, before finally capturing a division championship in 1941. Their subsequent playoff appearance saw them finish second in their pool to finalist Rapid Wien. The following season they failed to advance to the national playoff rounds, but did go on to earn their first major honours by defeating FC Schalke 04 to capture the Tschammerpokal, known today as the German Cup. TSV returned to the national playoffs again in 1943, progressing to the quarter-finals.

Post war

After World War II, 1860 played in the top flight Oberliga Süd (1945-63) as a mid-table side, suffering relegation for a period of three years in the mid 1950s. However, they delivered when it mattered most in 1963 by winning the league championship and with it automatic entry into Germany's new professional league, the Fußball-Bundesliga, ahead of rivals FC Bayern Munich who would have to wait two seasons for their own top flight debut since the German Football Association did not want two teams from the same city in the new league. 1860 continued to perform well through the mid 1960s: they captured their second German Cup in 1964, played the 1965 Cup Winners Cup final against West Ham United F.C. – losing 0:2, came away as Bundesliga champions in 1966, and finished as runners up the next year.

The 1970s and 1980s

Those performances were followed by poor showings in three consecutive seasons leading to relegation in 1970 to the Regionalliga Süd (1963-74) (II). It took 1860 seven years to make their way back to the first division, through a three-game play-off contest with Arminia Bielefeld, only to be immediately relegated again. A year later they were back, this time for a two year stay. Then in 1982 disaster struck as they were relegated once again and then forced into the tier III Amateur Oberliga Bayern when financial problems led to the club being denied a licence.

The 1990s to the present

The club's exile from the Bundesliga would last a dozen years. They were promoted to the top flight in 1994, but found themselves in immediate danger being sent back down again. However, president Karl-Heinz Wildmoser and manager Werner Lorant made several shrewd purchases including striker Olaf Bodden, winger Harald Cerny, playmaker Piotr Nowak, and defensive stoppers Miroslav Stević, Jens Jeremies and Manfred Schwabl. Stars like Abedi Pele, Thomas Häßler and Davor Šuker played for 1860 as their careers were winding down, becoming crowd favourites and making important contributions.

Under the heavy-handed, dictatorial leadership of Wildmoser and Lorant, the combination of proven veterans and young talent helped the club avoid relegation and become a decent mid-table side. 1860 earned a fourth place Bundesliga finish in 2000 and were entered into the UEFA Champions League 3rd qualifying round where they faced Leeds United, however a 3–1 aggregate defeat saw them play in the UEFA Cup that season, advancing to the third round where they were put out by AC Parma. However, the club was unable to build on this success and after some mediocre performances by the team, manager Lorant was fired.

After a decade in the top division, 1860 spectacularly burnt out in the 2003–04 season with a 17th place finish that returned the club to the 2. Bundesliga. Wildmoser made the extremely controversial decision to groundshare with hated rivals FC Bayern Munich in the Allianz Arena, a move that outraged fans and led to accusations of a sell-out. His downfall came when he and his son Karl-Heinz Wildmoser Jr. were caught in a bribery scandal around the awarding procedure for the contract to build the stadium.

In addition to flirting with relegation to the Fußball-Regionalliga (III) in the 2005–06 season, 1860 experienced severe financial difficulties. Stadium partner FC Bayern Munich bought out TSVs 50% interest in the Allianz Arena in late April 2006 for €11 million, providing the club some immediate financial relief. Following this move, the German Football Association (Deutscher Fußball Bund or German Football Association) was satisfied with the financial health of the club and duly issued 1860 a licence to play in the 2. Bundesliga for the 2006–07 season.

TSV
hired several new managers during its 2. Bundesliga period. The first was Rudi Bommer, followed by Reiner Maurer, Walter Schachner, Marco Kurz and Uwe Wolf. Also, former German national squad player Stefan Reuter as a general manager. However, neither of the new managers could lead the squad back to the 1. Bundesliga. Due to its financial situation, 1860's current team is very young and consists of many talents from its own football school. Ewald Lienen coached the team from 13 May 2009 to the end of the 2009-10 season. He left 1860 to coach the Greek 2009-10 runners-up, Olympiakos Piraeus. Reiner Maurer has been coaching 1860 since the start of the 20-11 season.

1860 came close to insolvency for a second time in five years in 2011 when it needed eight million Euros to survive. Help was offered to the club by local rival FC Bayern, to the disgust of both clubs fans, since Bayern was to lose 50 million Euros in future stadium rent if the club defaulted on its rental contract obligations until 2025. Eventually, the club was rescued by Jordanian investor Hasan Abdullah Ismaik, who purchased 60 percent of TSV 1860, covered its debt and raised expectations of a return to the Bundesliga.

On September it was announced that British car manufacturer Aston Martin is new main-sponsor of "1860".

Reserve team

The TSV 1860 München II, or, previous to that, the TSV 1860 München Amateure, have been historically quite successful, too, on Bavarian level. The team has played in the Regionalliga Süd since 2004, missing out on 3rd Liga qualification in the 2007–08 season.

The second eleven struggled during the club's years outside professional football, but rose through the ranks again after the club's revival in the early 1990s and returned to the Bayernliga in 1996, winning the title in its first season there and promotion to the Regionalliga. The team belonged to the Regionalliga until 2001 and then again from 2004 onwards.

The club is the only one in Bavaria to have won the Bayernliga with its first and second team.

Ground

TSV 1860 München play their home matches in the Allianz Arena, which they share with city rivals FC Bayern Munich. The arena's skin color lighting is changed to 1860's blue when the team plays. The club's inaugural game at the Allianz Arena was a friendly played against 1. FC Nuremberg on 30 May 2005. The stadium hosted the opening match of the 2006 FIFA World Cup between Germany national football team and Costa Rica national football team and three other first round contests, a Round of 16 match between Germany and Sweden national football team, and a semi-final between France national football team and Portugal national football team.

Until recently the club co-owned the facility with Bayern Munich, but sold its 50% share on 28 April 2006 to help resolve a serious financial crisis that saw TSV facing bankruptcy.

Originally TSV played in the Stadion an der Grünwalderstraße (commonly known as "Sechzgerstadion"), built in 1911, and which they also shared with Bayern Munich between 1925 and 1972. Both clubs then moved to the new Olympic Stadium Munich built for the 1972 Olympic Games. TSV moved back to the old ground several times from 1972 on, with the years between 1982 and 1995 being the longest period. In the 2004 season "TSV" spent one last year at Sechzger as the Allianz was being readied.

Recent seasons

The recent season-by-season performance of the club:

Honours

The club's honours:

League

- List of German football champions (Fußball-Bundesliga)
- - Champions: 1965–66 Fußball-Bundesliga
- - Runners-up: 1931, 1966–67 Fußball-Bundesliga
- Oberliga Süd (1945-63) (I)
- - Champions: 1963
- Gauliga Bayern (I)
- - Champions: 1941, 1943
- 2. Fußball-Bundesliga Süd (1974–1981) (II)
- - Champions: 1979
- - Runners-up: 1977
- 2nd Oberliga Süd (II)
- - Champions: 1955, 1957
- Fußball-Bayernliga (III)
- - Champions: 1984, 1991, 1993
- - Runners-up: 1986, 1990

Cup

- DFB-Pokal
- - Winner: 1942 Tschammerpokal, 1963–64 DFB-Pokal
- - Runners-up: None
- European Cup Winners Cup
- - Winners: None
- - Runners-up: 1964–65 European Cup Winners' Cup

Youth

- German Under 19 championship (football)
- - Runners-up: 1997
- German Under 17 championship (football)
- - Champions: 2006
- - Runners-up: 1984
- German Under 19 Cup
- - Winners: 2000, 2007
- Bavarian Under 19 championship
- - Winners: 1963, 1982, 1983, 1988, 1998
- - Runners-up: 1958, 1969, 1970, 1977, 1984, 1986
- Bavarian Under 17 championship
- - Winners: 1975, 1980, 1984
- - Runners-up: 1979, 1981
- Bavarian Under 15 championship
- - Winners: 1979, 1980, 1997, 1998

- Reserve team

Reserve team

- Fußball-Bayernliga (IV)
- - Champions: 1997, 2004
- - Runners-up: 2002, 2003
- Fußball-Bayernliga (III)
- - Champions: 1961
- - Runners-up: 1960
- Landesliga Bayern-Süd (IV-V)
- - Champions: 1996
- - Runners-up: 1965, 1967, 1974, 1982
- Bezirksoberliga Oberbayern (VI)
- - Runners-up: 1995

Players

As of 7 August, 2011, according to official website.






Disregarded: Eke Uzoma

For recent transfers, see List of German football transfers summer 2011 and List of German football transfers winter 2010-11.

Players out on loan



TSV 1860 München II squad


Notable former players


- Ernst Willimowski
- Manfred Bender
- Holger Fach
- Rudi Brunnenmeier
- Holger Fach
- Horst Blankenburg
- Pascal Karibe Ojigwe
- Andreas Görlitz
- Thomas Häßler
- Horst Heldt
- Bernd Hobsch
- Udo Horsmann
- Jens Jeremies
- Martin Max
- Savio Nsereko
- Stephan Paßlack
- Rudi Völler
- Berkant Göktan

- Besnik Hasi
- Harald Cerny
- Martin Stranzl
- Davor Šuker
- Roman Týce
- Martin Čížek
- Tomáš Votava
- Steve Purdy
- Gerald Vanenburg
- Vidar Riseth
- Erik Mykland
- Piotr Nowak
- Viorel Năstase

- Gregg Berhalter
- Kenny Cooper
- Josh Wolff
- Petar Radenković
- Slobodan Komljenović
- Miroslav Stević
- Paul Agostino
- Ned Zelic
- Shao Jiayi
- Abedi Pelé
- Awudu Issaka
- Hristo Yovov
- Daniel Borimirov
- Furkan Özçal

Manager History

- Fred Spiksley (1913)
- Max Merkel (1963–1966)
- Hans-Wolfgang Weber (1966–1967)
- Gunter Baumann (football) (1967)
- Albert Sing (1967–1968)
- Hans Pilz (1968–1969)
- Fritz Langner (1969)
- Franz Binder (1969–1970)
- Hans Tilkowski (1970–1972)
- Elek Schwartz (1972–1973)
- Rudi Gutendorf (1973–1974)
- Max Merkel (1974–1975)
- Heinz Lucas (1975–1978)
- Eckhard Krautzun (1978–1979)
- Alfred Baumann (1979)
- Carl-Heinz Rühl (1979–1981)
- Wenzel Halama (1981–1982)
- Willibert Kremer (1982)
- Kurt Schwarzhuber (1982)
- Erich Beer (1983)
- Bernd Patzke (1983–1984)
- Octavian Popescu (1984)
- Erich Beer (1984)
- Wenzel Halama (1984–1986)
- Dieter Kurz (1986)
- Fahrudin Jusufi (1986–1987)
- Thomas Zander (footballer) (1987)
- Uwe Klimaschewski (1987–1988)
- Willi Bierofka (1988–1990)
- Karsten Wettberg (1990–1992)
- Werner Lorant (1992–2001)
- Peter Pacult (2001–2003)
- Falko Götz (2003–2004)
- Gerald Vanenburg (2004)
- Rudolf Bommer (2004)
- Reiner Maurer (2004–2006)
- Bernhard Trares (2006)
- Walter Schachner (2006–2007)
- Marco Kurz (2007–2009)
- Uwe Wolf (2009)
- Ewald Lienen (2009–2010)
- Reiner Maurer (2010–present)

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