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1.FC Nürnberg

1.FC Nürnberg is a football (soccer) club from Germany.

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About 1.FC Nürnberg

1. FC Nuremberg is a Football in Germany in Nuremberg, Bavaria. It was founded on 4 May 1900 by a group of eighteen young men who had gathered at the local pub called the "Burenhütte" to assemble a side committed to playing football rather than rugby, one of the other new "English" games becoming popular at the time. Today's club offers its members boxing, handball, hockey, rollerblading and ice skating, swimming, skiing, and tennis. After a difficult 2009–10 campaign, they avoided relegation from the first division Fußball-Bundesliga by beating the third place 2. Fußball-Bundesliga finisher FC Augsburg in a play-off at the end of the season.

1. FCN have been relegated from the Fußball-Bundesliga on seven occasions – more times than any other German club.

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History

Rise of "Der Club"

By 1909 the team was playing well enough to lay claim to the South German championship. After World War I, Nuremberg would gradually turn their success into dominance of the country's football. In the period from July 1918 to February 1922 the team would go unbeaten in 104 official matches. As early as 1919 they came to be referred to simply as "Der Club" in recognition of their skill and of their style on and off the field, and would go on to become one of the nation's most widely recognized and popular teams.

Nuremberg faced SpVgg Greuther Fürth in the first national championship held after the end of World War I and beat the defending champions 2:0. That would be the first of five titles Der Club would capture over the course of eight years. In each of those wins they would shutout their opponents.

The 1922 final was contested by Nuremberg and Hamburger SV but never reached a conclusion on the pitch. The match was called on account of darkness after three hours and ten minutes of play, drawn at 2–2. The re-match also went into extra time, and in an era that did not allow for substitutions, that game was called at 1–1 when Nuremberg was reduced to just seven players and the referee ruled Association_football Players.2C_equipment_and_officials they could not continue. Considerable wrangling ensued over the decision. The German Football Association (Deutscher Fußball Bund or German Football Association) awarded the win to Hamburg, under the condition that they renounce the title in the name of "good sportsmanship" – which they grudgingly did. Ultimately, the Viktoria trophy was not officially presented that year.

After the Glory Years

1. FCNs dominance was already being to fade when they captured their final trophy of the era in 1927 as the game began to evolve into a more quickly paced contest which did not suit their slower, more deliberate approach. While they continued to field strong sides, other clubs rose to the forefront of German football. In 1934, they lost in the final to FC Schalke 04 a club that would go on to become the strongest side in the era of football under the Third Reich. Nuremberg would capture national titles just before and after World War II in 1936 and 1948 in the first post-war national final, and would also take the Tschammerpokal, the forerunner of today's DFB-Pokal, in 1935 and 1939.

Into the Modern Era

The post-war period began with the Club being integrated in the Oberliga Süd (1945-63), one of the five top divisions in West-Germany at the time. Nuremberg managed to win this league six times until 1963, winning the national championship in 1948. In 1961, 1. FCN captured their eighth national title and appeared in a losing effort in the following year's final. Some consolation was to be had in the team capturing its second DFB-Pokal in 1962. Their strong play made them an obvious choice to be amongst the sixteen teams selected to the Fußball-Bundesliga, Germany's new professional football league, formed in 1963. Der Club played as a mid-table side through the league's early years until putting on a dominating performance in 1968 in which they sat atop the league table from the fifth week of play on to the end of the season on their way to their first Bundesliga title. They went on to become the first club to be relegated from the Bundesliga as the reigning champions. FCN was not relegated because they had fewer points than Frankfurt, nor because of a lower goal differential, but on the third tie-breaker – fewer goals scored.

1. FCN rebounded and played in the Bundesliga but still found themselves flirting with relegation from season to season. However, they had comfortably avoided relegation in the 2005–06 season finishing 8th in the Bundesliga. After several years of consolidation, Nuremberg seemed back as a force to reckon with in Bundesliga football. Manager Martin Bader's professional and sometimes even spectacular work till spring 2007 (the signing of former Ajax Amsterdam captain and Czech international Tomáš Galásek, for example, was greeted with enthusiasm), as well head coach Hans Meyer's tactically modern understanding of football, helped Nuremberg to its most successful time in almost 40 years. In May 2007 the cut for the UEFA Cup was sure and after the triumph over Eintracht Frankfurt in the DFB-Pokal the Club was in the final of that tournament for the first time since 1982. On 26 May the Club won this final against VfB Stuttgart in overtime 3–2, winning the DFB.Pokal again 45 years after the last victory. However in the first round of 2007–08 the team could convince no more in Bundesliga. As the team had ended up second in UEFA_Cup_2007–08 Group_A in front of later champion FC Zenit Saint Petersburg after defeating FC Rapid Bucureşti in UEFA_Cup_2007–08 First_round head coach Hans Meyer was allowed to restructure the team, e.g. buying Jan Koller. In the consequence of no improvement Meyer was replaced by Thomas von Heesen after two legs in second round. The latter one didn't do much better and so FCN was relegated after finishing 16th after losing a 2–0 home match against FC Schalke 04 on the final day. After not meeting the expectations of dominating the 2. Bundesliga von Heesen resigned in August and was replaced by his assistant coach Michael Oenning. After a slow start Oenning was able to guide Nuremberg to a 3rd place finish and a playoff with 16th place Energie Cottbus. Nuremberg won the playoff 5–0 on aggregate and plays in the 1st Bundesliga since 2009.

Supporters

The supporters of "Der Club" are known to be loyal, used to suffer due to a lot of disappointments, pessimistic but also proud of their team, their tradition and titles won in the past. This can be fixed on more than 40.000 visitors instead of bad standings and the years in the 2. Fußball-Bundesliga and the former Regionalliga Süd.
Furthermore the supporters are very self ironic and have a grim sense of humour which is reflected in the sentence "Der Club is a Depp" (The Club is an idiot).
This saying comes from the Franconian Reporter Günther Koch after "Der Club" relegated in 1994 as, once again, one of the best teams in the league.

Rivals

The SpVgg Greuther Fürth is by far the 1. FCN's biggest and longest standing local rival, going back to the early days of German football when, at times, those two clubs dominated the national championship. This derby is furthermore the oldest one in the history of German footbal and with the legendary number of 253 official matches the most played derby in Germany. The best example for the deep aversion between the two clubs is a story out of the year 1921. When the German national team in a match against the Netherlands in Amsterdam consisted only of players from Nuremberg and Fürth.
The players of the both teams travelled, it's true, in the same train, but the hatred among each other made the players from Nuremberg travel in the first waggon and the players from Fürth in the last waggon.
In the middle of the train sat Georg B. Blascke, the manager: Sad and lonely.
In the match scored a player from Fürth the 1:0. But only the players from Fürth gratulated him. The players from Nuremberg turned their backs on him.
Another nice story of this time is the story of Hans Sutor, a former player from the SpVgg Fürth, who was forced to leave the team because of his marriage with a woman from Nuremberg.
After this he played for the 1. FC Nuremberg and won three national championships.
Both clubs played together in the 2nd Bundesliga in 2008–09.

On Bavarian scale, the games against FC Bayern Munich are the biggest events of the year, the two clubs being the most successful sides in the state.

Reserve team

The 1. FC Nuremberg II (or 1. FC Nuremberg Amateure) qualified for the Regionalliga Süd on the strength of a third place in the Oberliga Bayern (IV) in 2007–08. The team had been playing in the Oberliga since 1998, finishing runners-up three times in those years. When not playing in the Oberliga, the team used to belong to the Landesliga Bayern-Mitte.

Recent seasons

The recent season-by-season performance of the club:

Honours

Der Club boasted the title of Deutscher Rekordmeister as holder of the most championships for over sixty years (although occasionally having to share the honour with Schalke) before being overtaken by Bayern Munich in 1987.

Germany honours its Bundesliga champions by allowing them to display the Star (football badge) of the "Verdiente Meistervereine" – one star for three titles, two stars for five, and three stars for ten. However, currently only titles earned since 1963 in the Bundesliga are officially recognized. Despite winning the national title nine times, Nuremberg – the country's second most successful side – is not entitled to sport any championship stars.

National

- List of German football champions, Oberliga Süd & Fußball-Bundesliga
- - Champions: 1920, 1921, 1924, 1925, 1927, 1936, German football championship 1948, German football championship 1961, 1967–68 Fußball-Bundesliga
- - Runners-up: 1922, 1934, 1937, German football championship 1962
- DFB-Pokal
- - Winners: 1935 Tschammerpokal, 1939 Tschammerpokal, DFB Cup 1961-62, 2007 DFB-Pokal Final
- - Runners-up: 1940 Tschammerpokal, DFB Cup 1981-82
- Southern German football championship
- - Champions: 1916, 1918, 1920, 1921, 1924, 1927, 1929
- Southern German Cup
- - Winners: 1919, 1924
- Bavarian champions: 1907
- Ostkreis-Liga
- - Champions: 1916, 1918
- Kreisliga Nordbayern
- - Champions: 1920, 1921
- Bezirksliga Bayern
- - Champions: 1924, 1925, 1927
- Bezirksliga Nordbayern
- - Champions: 1929, 1932, 1933
- Gauliga Bayern
- - Champions: 1934, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1940
- Gauliga Bayern (northern division)
- - Champions: 1943, 1944
- Oberliga Süd (1945-63)
- - Champions: 1947, 1948, 1951, 1957, 1961, 1962
- Regionalliga Süd (1963-74) (II)
- - Champions: 1971
- 2nd Bundesliga Süd (1974-81) (II)
- - Champions: 1980
- 2nd Bundesliga (II)
- - Champions: 1985, 2001, 2004

International

- Intertoto Cup
- - Winners: 1968

Youth

- German Under 19 championship (football)
- - Winners: 1974
- - Runners-up: 1979, 1986, 1989
- German Under 17 championship (football)
- - Runners-up: 1987
- German Under 19 Cup
- - Winners: 1987, 1988, 1993
- Southern German Under 19 championship
- - Winners: 1956, 1958, 1960, 1964, 1965, 1971
- Bavarian Under 19 championship
- - Winners: 1946, 1956, 1958, 1960–62, 1964, 1965, 1967–71, 1974–77, 1979, 1980, 1984, 1986, 1989, 1999, 2002, 2009
- - Runners-up: 1950, 1959, 1963, 1972, 1973, 1978, 1981–83, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1990–94, 1996, 2000, 2008
- Bavarian Under 17 championship
- - Winners: 1977, 1982, 1987, 1990–92, 1996, 1999
- - Runners-up: 1975, 1980, 1983, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1993, 2000, 2011
- Bavarian Under 15 championship
- - Winners: 1976, 1981, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1992, 1993, 2001, 2002, 2005, 2006, 2008
- - Runners-up: 1980, 1982, 1987, 1995, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2007, 2009

Stadium

"Der Club" plays in the communally owned Frankenstadion (known as the Städtisches Stadion until 1990). It has been the club's home since 1963, and currently has a capacity of 48,553 spectators following the stadium's most recent expansion during the winter break of the Fußball-Bundesliga 2009-10 season. The club previously played its matches at the Zabo (an abbreviation of Zerzabelshof, the district in which the ground was located).

The stadium was built in 1928 and was known as Stadion der Hitler-Jugend from 1933 to 1945. Originally having a capacity of 40,000 spectators, it was expanded in 1965 to hold 65,000 and subsequently hosted the 1967 European Cup Winners' Cup Final between FC Bayern Munich and Rangers F.C., won 1:0 by the German side. The facility was refurbished for the 1974 World Cup and another recently completed renovation allowed it to seat 45,000 for four preliminary round matches and one Round of 16 contest of the FIFA World Cup 2006.

The Frankenstadion since 2006 bears the commercial name "EasyCredit Stadium" under an arrangement with a local bank. The majority of the fans was in favour of renaming it after club legend Max Morlock, but they have to wait at least six years for that to happen, as this is the period of the contractual arrangement – but by then it might well be named after another product.

For recent transfers, see List of German football transfers summer 2011 and List of German football transfers winter 2011–12.

First-team squad

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Out on loan

1. FC Nuremberg II squad


Staff



Famous players and coaches

Players


Greatest ever team

In the summer of 2010, as part of the club's celebration of its 110th anniversary, Nuremberg fans voted for the best players in the club's history. The players who received the most votes in each position were named in the club's greatest ever team.

- Andreas Köpke
- Ferdinand Wenauer
- Thomas Brunner (footballer)
- Andreas Wolf
- Stefan Reuter
- Hans Dorfner
- Reinhold Hintermaier
- Marek Mintál
- Max Morlock
- Saša Ćirić
- Dieter Eckstein

Reserves: Hans Kalb, Stefan Kießling, Horst Leupold, Dieter Nüssing, Marc Oechler, Luitpold Popp, Raphael Schäfer, Heinz Strehl, Heinrich Stuhlfauth, Horst Weyerich, Sergio Zárate

Coaches

Outstanding coaches of the earlier years were Izidor Kürschner (1921, 1922), Fred Spiksley (1913, 1920s), former player Alfred Schaffer (1930s), Dr. Karl Michalke (1930s), Alwin "Alv" Riemke (1940s–1950s) and former player Hans Schmidt (footballer) (1940s, 1950s), who notably did not win a single of his four German Championship titles as coach with Nuremberg, but three of them with the long standing main rivals FC Schalke 04. He was also four times champion as player, thereof three times with the Club, and once with the earlier arch rival SpVgg Fürth.

Manager History (since 1963)

- 07.01.1963 – 10.30.1963 Herbert Widmayer
- 11.01.1963 – 06.30.1964 Jeno Csaknady
- 07.01.1964 – 06.30.1965 Gunter Baumann
- 07.01.1965 – 11.07.1966 Jeno Csaknady
- 11.08.1966 – 12.31.1966 Jenő Vincze
- 01.03.1967 – 03.24.1969 Max Merkel
- 03.25.1969 – 04.12.1969 Robert Körner
- 04.13.1969 – 06.30.1970 Kuno Klötzer
- 07.01.1970 – 06.30.1971 Thomas Barthel
- 07.01.1971 – 08.01.1971 Slobodan Mihajlovic
- 08.02.1971 – 12.05.1971 Fritz Langner
- 12.06.1971 – 06.30.1973 Zlatko Čajkovski
- 07.01.1973 – 06.30.1976 Hans Tilkowski
- 07.01.1976 – 05.19.1978 Horst Buhtz
- 05.20.1978 – 12.20.1978 Werner Kern (football manager)
- 12.21.1978 – 06.30.1979 Robert Gebhardt
- 07.01.1979 – 08.18.1979 Jeff Vliers
- 08.19.1979 – 06.30.1980 Robert Gebhardt
- 07.01.1980 – 03.03.1981 Horst Heese
- 03.04.1981 – 05.26.1981 Fritz Popp
- 05.27.1981 – 06.30.1981 Fred Hoffmann
- 07.01.1981 – 09.08.1981 Heinz Elzner
- 09.09.1981 – 10.25.1983 Udo Klug
- 10.26.1983 – 12.06.1983 Rudi Kröner
- 12.07.1983 – 12.31.1983 Fritz Popp
- 01.01.1984 – 06.30.1988 Heinz Höher
- 07.01.1988 – 04.09.1990 Hermann Gerland
- 04.10.1990 – 06.30.1990 Dieter Lieberwirth
- 07.01.1990 – 06.30.1991 Arie Haan
- 07.01.1991 – 11.09.1993 Willi Entenmann
- 11.10.1993 – 01.02.1994 Dieter Renner
- 01.03.1994 – 12.31.1994 Rainer Zobel
- 01.01.1995 – 06.30.1995 Günter Sebert
- 07.01.1995 – 04.30.1996 Hermann Gerland
- 05.01.1996 – 08.30.1997 Willi Entenmann
- 09.01.1997 – 06.30.1998 Felix Magath
- 07.01.1998 – 11.30.1998 Willi Reimann
- 12.01.1998 – 12.31.1998 Thomas Brunner (footballer)
- 01.01.1999 – 02.18.2000 Friedel Rausch
- 02.19.2000 – 03.02.2000 Thomas Brunner (footballer)
- 03.03.2000 – 04.29.2003 Klaus Augenthaler
- 04.30.2003 – 10.31.2005 Wolfgang Wolf
- 11.01.2005 – 11.08.2005 Dieter Lieberwirth
- 11.09.2005 – 02.11.2008 Hans Meyer
- 02.12.2008 – 08.28.2008 Thomas von Heesen
- 08.02.2008 – 21.12.2009 Michael Oenning
- 22.12.2009 – Dieter Hecking
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Former Chairmen

- 1900–1904 Christoph Heinz
- 1904–1910 Ferdinand Küspert
- 1910–1912 Christoph Heinz
- 1912–1914 Leopold Neuburger
- 1915–1917 Ferdinand Küspert
- 1917–1919 Konrad Gerstacker
- 1919–1921 Leopold Neuburger
- 1921–1923 Ludwig Bäumler
- 1923 Eduard Kartini
- 1923–1925 Max Oberst
- 1926–1930 Hans Schregle
- 1930–1935 Ludwig Franz
- 1935–1945 Karl Müller
- 1945–1946 Hans Hofmann
- 1946–1947 Hans Schregle
- 1947–1948 Hans Hofmann
- 1948–1963 Ludwig Franz
- 1963–1964 Karl Müller
- 1964–1971 Walter Luther
- 1971–1977 Hans Ehrt
- 1977–1978 Lothar Schmechtig
- 1978–1979 Waldemar Zeitelhack
- 1979–1983 Michael A. Roth
- 1983–1991 Gerd Schmelzer
- 1991–1992 Sven Oberhof
- 1992–1994 Gerhard Voack
- 1994 Georg Haas
- 1994–2009 Michael A. Roth
- 2009–2010 Franz Schäfer
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