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Karlsruher SC

Karlsruher SC is a football (soccer) club from Germany.

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About Karlsruher SC

Karlsruher SC is a Football in Germany, based in Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg. KSC rose out of the consolidation of a number of predecessor clubs. They have played in the Fußball-Bundesliga, but were relegated to the 2. Fußball-Bundesliga in 1998 and in 2009.

History

A succession of mergers

The most successful of these ancestral clubs was Karlsruher Fussball Club Phönix, formed on 6 June 1894 by dissatisfied members of the gymnastics club Karlsruher Turngemeinde. They quickly became a strong regional side, playing in the Südkreis-Liga, and captured the national title in 1909, defeating defending champions Viktoria 89 Berlin 4–2 in the championship final that season. In 1912, Phönix merged with KFC Alemannia, established in 1897, to create KFC Phönix (Phönix Alemannia).

A lower-table side through the 30s VfBs performance improved considerably in the following decade. As war overtook the country, the Gauliga Baden was sub-divided at various times into a number of more local city-based circuits and the team was able to earn three second place finishes in divisional play. The Gauliga Baden collapsed in 1944–45 after playing a significantly reduced schedule in which many teams, including Mühlburg were unable to compete. After the war the club slipped from top-flight competition until earning promotion to the Oberliga Süd (1945-63) in 1947. They generally competed as a mid-table side here with the exception of a strong performance in 1951 when they narrowly missed an advance to the national championship rounds after earning a third place result just a single point behind SpVgg Fürth.

The formation of Karlsruher SC

KFC Phoenix and VfB Mühlburg united to form the Karlsruher Sport-Club Mühlburg-Phönix e. V., on 16 October 1952 and the new team earned good results throughout the remainder of the decade. In 1955, they beat FC Schalke 04 3–2 to win the German Cup, and repeated the success next year with a 3–1 win over Hamburger SV. That season, they also made an appearance in the national final, where they lost 2–4 to Borussia Dortmund. KSC was Oberliga Süd champion in 1956, 1958 and 1960, as well as runner-up in the German Cup in 1960, when they lost the final match 2–3 to Borussia Mönchengladbach. Their record earned them admission as one of sixteen founding clubs into Germany's new professional football league, the Bundesliga (football), when it began play in 1963.

Karlsruhe struggled in the top flight, never managing better than a 13th-place finish over five seasons before finally being demoted to the second-division Regionalliga Süd (1963-74). Over the next three seasons, the team earned a first-place finish as well as two second-place finishes there, but were unable to advance in the promotion rounds. After the 1974 formation of the 2nd Bundesliga (football), which consisted of two divisions at the time, KSC finished first in the 2nd Bundesliga Süd and returned to the top flight for the 1975–76 season, but were able to stay up for only two years. They next returned to the first division in 1980 where they spent four seasons before being sent down again. After a two-year absence they fought their way back to the Bundesliga in 1987 to begin an extended stay.

The Schäfer era

Under the guidance of new coach Winfried Schäfer, KSCs return to the top flight was marked with some success as for the first time the team managed to work its way out of the bottom half of the league table. In the 1993–94 season, the club had a successful run in the UEFA Cup, going out in the semi-finals on away goals to Austria Salzburg after beating, in turn, PSV Eindhoven, Valencia CF, Girondins Bordeaux and Boavista Porto. Their stunning 7–0 second-round victory over Valencia, a top team in the Spanish La Liga at the time and in historical terms as well, might be considered the high point of the club's history in its centennial year. Between 1992 and 1997, the club was ranked in the single digits in six consecutive Bundesliga seasons and also participated in two more UEFA Cups, reaching the third round both in the 1996–97 and 1997–98 seasons, being eliminated from the competition after losing their second-leg matches to Brøndby IF and FC Spartak Moscow respectively. In 1995, KSC won the DFB-Hallenpokal, an indoor football tournament that was traditionally held during winter breaks of the Bundesliga seasons. They also played in the final of the German Cup in 1996, but lost 0–1 to 1. FC Kaiserslautern.

As the millennium drew to a close, Karlsruhe faded. The club started the 1997–98 Bundesliga season well, with two wins and a draw in their opening three matches, but their downfall began with a 1–6 defeat to Bayer Leverkusen on Day 4. At the league winter break the club sat outside the relegation ranks, but a series of negative results pushed them down to 15th place until the second-last matchday of the season. Schäfer was fired in March 1998, but this did not keep the club from slipping to the Second Bundesliga after a 16th-place finish. The club needed an away draw against FC Hansa Rostock on the final day of the season to avoid relegation, but lost the match 2–4 while Borussia Mönchengladbach beat VfL Wolfsburg 2–0 to overtake KSC and finish 15th on goal difference.

After relegation from the Bundesliga in 1998

KSC finished fifth in their first season in the 2nd Bundesliga after relegation, only two points behind third-place SSV Ulm 1846 which was promoted to the Bundesliga. However, a last place finish in a terrible 1999–2000 season played under dire financial circumstances dropped them down to the Regionalliga (football) (III). The club rebounded and on the strength of a first place result in the Regionalliga made a prompt return to second division play. After four seasons of mediocre play that saw KSC narrowly avoid being sent further down, the team turned in a much-improved performance and earned a sixth place result in 2005–06.

From 2007

KSC secured the 2007 2. Fußball-Bundesliga title with 3 games left in the season by way of a 1–0 victory over SpVgg Unterhaching on 29 April, combined with a draw by second-placed Hansa Rostock on 30 April. KSC maintained its dominance over the course of the season, playing 14 matches (9 wins, 5 draws) before suffering their first loss of the campaign at the hands of FC Erzgebirge Aue. They are the first team in the history of the single-division 2nd Bundesliga to occupy the top spot throughout the whole season.

In their return season to the Bundesliga in 2007–08 they finished 11th, fading in the second half of the year after a strong start that saw them positioned in the qualifying places for UEFA. The club continued to perform poorly in the 2008–09 season, ultimately finishing 17th and finding themselves relegated to the 2. Bundesliga once more. The club's two most recent campaigns there ended with 10th and 15th place finishes.

Reserve team

The Karlsruher SC II, historically also referred to as Karlsruher SC Amateure, is a successful side in its own right, playing as high up as the Regionalliga Süd.

League timeline


ImageSize = width:600 height:60
PlotArea = left:10 right:10 bottom:30 top:10
TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal format:yyyy
DateFormat = dd/mm/yyyy
Period = from:01/07/1989 till:01/07/2011
ScaleMajor = unit:year increment:1 start:1990
Colors =
id:bl1 value:rgb(0.5,0.8,0.5)
id:bl2 value:rgb(0.9,0.9,0.3)
id:rs value:rgb(0.8,0.6,0.6)

PlotData=
bar:Position width:17 color:white align:center

from:01/07/1989 till:01/07/1990 shift:(0,-4) text:10
from:01/07/1990 till:01/07/1991 shift:(0,-4) text:13
from:01/07/1991 till:01/07/1992 shift:(0,-4) text:8
from:01/07/1992 till:01/07/1993 shift:(0,-4) text:6
from:01/07/1993 till:01/07/1994 shift:(0,-4) text:6
from:01/07/1994 till:01/07/1995 shift:(0,-4) text:8
from:01/07/1995 till:01/07/1996 shift:(0,-4) text:7
from:01/07/1996 till:01/07/1997 shift:(0,-4) text:6
from:01/07/1997 till:01/07/1998 shift:(0,-4) text:16
from:01/07/1998 till:01/07/1999 shift:(0,-4) text:5
from:01/07/1999 till:01/07/2000 shift:(0,-4) text:18
from:01/07/2000 till:01/07/2001 shift:(0,-4) text:1
from:01/07/2001 till:01/07/2002 shift:(0,-4) text:13
from:01/07/2002 till:01/07/2003 shift:(0,-4) text:13
from:01/07/2003 till:01/07/2004 shift:(0,-4) text:14
from:01/07/2004 till:01/07/2005 shift:(0,-4) text:11
from:01/07/2005 till:01/07/2006 shift:(0,-4) text:6
from:01/07/2006 till:01/07/2007 shift:(0,-4) text:1
from:01/07/2007 till:01/07/2008 shift:(0,-4) text:11
from:01/07/2008 till:01/07/2009 shift:(0,-4) text:17
from:01/07/2009 till:01/07/2010 shift:(0,-4) text:10
from:01/07/2010 till:01/07/2011 shift:(0,-4) text:15

from:01/07/1989 till:01/07/1998 color:bl1 shift:(0,13) text: "Fußball-Bundesliga"
from:01/07/1998 till:01/07/2000 color:bl2 shift:(0,13) text: "2. Fußball-Bundesliga"
from:01/07/2001 till:01/07/2007 color:bl2 shift:(0,13) text: "2. Fußball-Bundesliga"
from:01/07/2007 till:01/07/2009 color:bl1 shift:(0,13) text: "Fußball-Bundesliga"
from:01/07/2009 till:01/07/2011 color:bl2 shift:(0,13) text: "2. Fußball-Bundesliga"


Honours

The club's honours:

League

- List of German football champions
- - Champions: 1909
- - Runners-up: 1956
- Southern German championship
- - Champions: (4) 1909, 1958, 1960, 1975
- Südkreis-Liga (I)
- - Champions: 1909
- - Runners-up: (2) 1910, 1912
- Bezirksliga Baden (I)
- - Champions: 1933
- - Runners-up: (2) 1928, 1931
- Gauliga Baden
- - Runners-up: 1935
- Oberliga Süd (1945–63)
- - Champions: (3) 1956, 1958, 1960
- 2. Fußball-Bundesliga
- - Champions: (2) 1984, 2007
- - Runners-up: 1987
- 2. Fußball-Bundesliga Süd (1974–1981)
- - Champions: 1975
- - Runners-up: 1980
- Regionalliga Süd (1963–74) (II)
- - Champions: 1969
- - Runners-up: (3) 1970, 1971, 1973
- Regionalliga Süd (III)
- - Champions: 2001

Cup

- German Cup
- - Winners: (2) 1955, 1956
- - Runners-up: (2) 1960, 1996

Reserve team

- Oberliga Baden-Württemberg
- - Champions: (3) 1990, 1996, 2005
- Verbandsliga Nordbaden (IV-V)
- - Champions: (3) 1983, 1989, 1994
- Amateurliga Nordbaden (III)
- - Champions: 1965
- North Baden Cup
- - Winners: (4) 1991, 1994, 1996, 2000

- All pre-1952 titles listed here were won by Phönix Karlsruhe.

Players

2011–12 squad

The first team squad:



Karlsruher SC II squad


The reserve team squad:


Manager: Markus Kauczinski

Managers: past and present

Managers of the club since 1952:
- Hans Hipp – 16 October 1952 – 30 April 1953
- Friedel Moser – 1 May 1953 – 30 June 1953
- Adolf Patek – 1 July 1953 – 31 July 1956
- Ludwig Janda – 1 July 1956 – 30 June 1959
- Eduard Frühwirth – 1 July 1959 – 30 June 1962
- Kurt Sommerlatt – 1 July 1962 – 26 January 1965
- Helmut Schneider – 27 January 1965 – 18 October 1965
- Werner Roth (German football coach) – 19 October 1965 – 1 November 1966
- Paul Frantz – 2 November 1966 – 24 October 1967
- Georg Gawliczek – 25 October 1967 – 8 February 1968
- Herbert Widmayer – 10 February 1968 – 18 February 1968
- Bernhard Termath – 19 February 1968 – 30 June 1968
- Kurt Baluses – 1 July 1968 – 21 May 1971
- Carl-Heinz Rühl – 1 July 1973 – 30 June 1977
- Bernd Hoss – 1 July 1977 – 26 October 1977
- Rolf Schafstall – 27 October 1977 – 15 April 1978
- Walter Baureis – 1 July 1978 – 26 November 1978
- Manfred Krafft – 1 July 1978 – 30 June 1981
- Max Merkel – 27 November 1981 – 30 June 1982
- Horst Franz – 1 July 1982 – 31 January 1983
- Werner Olk – 1 July 1984 – 22 March 1985
- Lothar Buchmann – 26 March 1985 – 25 April 1986
- Winfried Schäfer – 1 July 1986 – 25 March 1998
- Jörg Berger – 25 March 1998 – 25 August 1998
- Rainer Ulrich – 26 August 1998 – 15 October 1999
- Joachim Löw – 28 October 1999 – 19 April 2000
- Stefan Kuntz – 1 July 2000 – 25 October 2002
- Lorenz-Günther Köstner – 1 November 2002 – 20 December 2004
- Reinhold Fanz – 28 December 2004 – 4 January 2005
- Edmund Becker – 13 January 2005 – 19 August 2009
- Markus Kauczinski – 20 August 2009 – 3 September 2009
- Markus Schupp – 3 September 2009 – 1 November 2010
- Markus Kauczinski – 1 November 2010 – 21 November 2010
- Uwe Rapolder – 22 November 2010 – 1 March 2011
- Rainer Scharinger – 2 March 2011 – 31 October 2011
- Markus Kauczinski – 31 October 2011 – 6 November 2011
- Jørn Andersen – 6 November 2011 – present
in 1994 and the 3rd Liga in 2008 as the new third tier, below the 2. Fußball-Bundesliga, all leagues below dropped one tier.




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