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SC Rot-Weiß Essen

SC Rot-Weiß Essen is a football (soccer) club from Germany.

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About SC Rot-Weiß Essen

Rot-Weiss Essen is a Football in Germany based in Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia.

History

Early years

The club was formed as SV Vogelheim on 1 February 1907 out of the merger of two smaller clubs: SC Preussen and Deutsche Eiche. In 1910, Vogelheim came to an arrangement with Turnerbund Bergeborbeck that allowed the two clubs to field a football side. The footballers left in 1913 to set up their own club, Spiel- und Sportverein Emscher-Vogelheim, which changed its name to Spiel und Sport 1912 after World War I. Finally, in 1923, this side turned again to Turnerbund Bergeborbeck to create Rot-Weiss Essen.

Breakthrough to the Gauliga

In 1938, RWE broke into top-flight football in the Gauliga Niederrhein, one of sixteen premier divisions formed in the 1933 re-organization of German football under the Third Reich, and came within a point of taking the division title in 1941. In 1943 they played with BV Altenessen as the combined wartime side KSG SC Rot-Weiß Essen/BV 06 Altenessen. The next season this club was in turn joined by BVB Essen, but played only a single match in a stillborn season as World War II overtook the country.

Rise and fall

The club returned to first division football in the Oberliga West in 1948, where a series of solid performances led to a divisional championship in 1952. The pinnacle of the club's success came with a 2–1 win over Alemannia Aachen in the 1953 DFB-Pokal final, followed by a national championship in 1955 when it beat 1. FC Kaiserslautern 4–3. The following season, Rot-Weiss became the first German side to qualify for the UEFA Champions League.

Their performance tailed off after this and RWE became just another mid-table side before they were relegated in 1961. The club then played most of the 1960s as a second division side, but did manage its first appearance in the top flight Fußball-Bundesliga in 1966–67 Fußball-Bundesliga. It returned to the Bundesliga for two seasons in 1969–70 Fußball-Bundesliga, and again, for four seasons beginning in 1973–74 Fußball-Bundesliga. Since then Rot-Weiss has been a solid second or third tier club, with just one season spent in the Oberliga Nordrhein (IV) in 1998–99.

The club has been plagued by financial problems that saw it denied a license in 1984, 1991, and 1994, leading to demotion from the 2.Bundesliga each time as a result. Bright spots during this period included winning the German amateur championship in 1992 and an appearance in the 1994 German Cup final, which they lost 1–3 to SV Werder Bremen.

Current

RWE returned to the Regionalliga Nord (III) in 1999, and dropped still further to the Oberliga (IV) the next season. In 2004, they won promotion back to the 2. Bundesliga, but stumbled to a 17th place finish and were relegated once again. They reappeared in second division play on the strength of a first place Regionalliga finish, but narrowly missed staying up when they lost the critical final match of the 2006–07 2. Fußball-Bundesliga 0–3 to Duisburg. Rot-Weiss became a fourth division side following the introduction of the 3. Liga in 2008 and a fifth division team after 2010-11 league reformations.

Stadium

Rot-Weiss plays in the Georg-Melches-Stadion (capacity 15,000), named in honour of a former club president.

Supporters

Although mostly playing in lower divisions, the club enjoys solid fan support, with an average attendance of better than 6,000 per game currently (2010-11).

Fortuna Düsseldorf, Rot-Weiß Oberhausen and Wuppertaler SV Borussia are local rivals when they are playing in the same league (as took place in the 2007–08 Fußball-Regionalliga). In the past, the local derbies versus Schwarz-Weiß Essen were big events, sometimes followed by more than 30,000 fans. The club's fiercest rivalry is with FC Schalke 04, from nearby Gelsenkirchen, with whom they contest the Ruhrderby.

The RWE followers have a strong fan friendship with SV Werder Bremen, while another with Borussia Dortmund ended very badly and now Essen and Dortmund's supporters see themselves as enemies. RWE supporters have a very bad reputation in Germany.


File:Rot-Weiss_Essen_Fans,_May_2008.jpg: 1955
- DFB-Pokal winners: 1952–53 DFB-Pokal
- German amateur champions: 1992

As of February 2011

Notable players


Former coaches

- Elek Schwartz (1955–1957)
- Erich Ribbeck (1967–1968)
- Herbert Burdenski (1969–1971)
- Horst Witzler (1973)
- Ivica Horvath (1975–1976)
- Diethelm Ferner (1978–1979)
- Rolf Schafstall (1979–1981)
- Rolf Bock (1982–1983)
- Janos Bedl (1983–1984)
- Siegfried Melzig (1984)
- Horst Hrubesch (1986–1987)
- Peter Neururer (1987)
- Horst Franz (1987–1988)
- Siegfried Melzig (1988)
- Hans-Werner Moors (1989–1991)
- Jürgen Röber (1991–1993)
- Wolfgang Frank (1994–1995)
- Rudi Gores (1995–1997)
- Klaus Berge (1998–1999)
- Fritz Fuchs (1999)
- Klaus Berge (1999–2001)
- Harry Pleß (2001–2003)
- Holger Fach (2003)
- Jürgen Gelsdorf (2003–2005)
- Uwe Neuhaus (2005–2006)
- Lorenz-Günther Köstner (2006–2007)
- Heiko Bonan (2007–2008)
- Michael Kulm (2008–2009)
- Ralf Aussem (2009)
- Ernst Middendorp (2009)
- Ralf Aussem (2009)
- Uwe Erkenbrecher (2009)




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