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1.FC Magdeburg

1.FC Magdeburg is a football (soccer) club from Germany.

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About 1.FC Magdeburg

1. FC Magdeburg is a Football in Germany playing in Magdeburg, Saxony-Anhalt.

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History

Football has been played in Magdeburg since the end of the 19th century. On 15 June 1896 SV Victoria 96 Magdeburg was founded, a club that had its best days before World War II, when it participated in the German championship finals on several occasions. Later the club participated in the Gauliga Mitte. After World War II, all sports clubs in the Soviet Occupation Zone were dissolved and a number of smaller clubs were created, which at first competed at a local and regional level. In 1945 players from the disbanded clubs Magdeburger SC Prussia 1899 and Cricket Viktoria Magdeburg formed Sportgruppe (SG) Sudenburg. This club and SG Lemsdorf came together as the sports club BSG Eintracht Sudenburg, which in turn merged with SAG Krupp Gruson in 1950. The next year the club was re-named BSG Stahl Magdeburg, and then in 1952, became BSG Motor Mitte Magdeburg in 1952. In 1957 the football department of Motor Mitte was moved to SC Magdeburg, a political decision with the goal of achieving higher standards of performance. In 1965, the football department was again broken out of SC Aufbau and a football-only club was created, 1. FC Magdeburg. This was part of a general – again politically motivated – movement in East Germany towards football-only clubs with the goal of achieving higher standards. 1. FC Magdeburg is the oldest of the football club (GDR) created in this period.

The 1960s

SC Aufbau were promoted to the first tier of East German football league system in 1959. At the beginning of the 1960s, the club usually played in the lower midfield of the DDR-Oberliga, but in 1964 the club had its first major success with a surprise win of the 1963–64 FDGB-Pokal. In the final at Dessau, Magdeburg came back from being 0–2 down to beat 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig 3–2. The cup win meant the first international appearance of a Magdeburg club, and SC Aufbau managed to hold Galatasaray S.K. (football team) to a draw – three times (the deciding match in Vienna ended 1–1, as well as the home and away legs), but went out on a coin toss. Legend reports that the coin first stuck upright in the muddy ground, and only the second toss brought about a decision.

SC Aufbau finished mid-table again in the 1964–65 DDR-Oberliga and managed to defend their cup title as the first team in East German football ever, beating FC Carl Zeiss Jena 2–1 in the final in Berlin. However, the 1965–66 DDR-Oberliga, when SC Aufbau's footballers became 1. FC Magdeburg, ended in disaster: The club finished last in the table and was relegated to the second-tier DDR-Liga. However, in the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, Magdeburg managed to reach the quarter final, eventually going out against defending champions West Ham United featuring stars such as Bobby Moore and Geoff Hurst.

With their new manager Heinz Krügel, Magdeburg were immediately repromoted and finished third in 1967–68 DDR-Oberliga and 1968–69 DDR-Oberliga. With their third win of the FDGB-Pokal in 1968–69 FDGB-Pokal the club had finally established itself among the top teams of East German football.

The 1970s

During the 1970s, the DDR-Oberliga was mostly dominated by two teams, 1. FC Magdeburg and Dynamo Dresden. One of the figures behind the success at Magdeburg was Heinz Krügel, manager of the first team. Under his reign, Magdeburg produced 9 East German internationals between 1969 and 1974 alone, four of which were part of the East German team competing at the 1974 FIFA World Cup. The golden age of Magdeburg football began in 1971–72 DDR-Oberliga, when the club won the East German championship with the youngest squad in history. Magdeburg had a record attendance in this season, an average 22,231 spectators per game.

The 1972–73 DDR-Oberliga Magdeburg finished 3rd again. The club's European campaign ended in the second round of the 1972–73 European Cup with a 0–2 aggregate loss against Juventus F.C.. The home leg saw an attendance of 50,000 spectators. However, Magdeburg did not finish the season without a title, as they won their fourth 1972–73 FDGB-Pokal title with a 3–2 against 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig.

The 1973–74 season is generally considered as the most successful in the history of 1. FC Magdeburg. Aside from winning their second 1973–74 DDR-Oberliga, the club could celebrate the biggest success in club history when they won the 1973–74 European Cup Winners' Cup against title holders AC Milan, beating them 2–0 in De Kuip in Rotterdam. Magdeburg would be the only East German football club to triumph in a European competition.

In the next season, Magdeburg defended their 1974–75 DDR-Oberliga successfully and topped their record attendance once more, averaging 22,923 spectators. Only with their seventh 1982–83 FDGB-Pokal title in 1983 was the club able to get back into the limelight – and with the club came the fans. About 25,000 fans supported their team in Berlin's Stadion der Weltjugend against Chemnitzer FC, a club record for travelling fans that still stands today. However, it soon became clear that Magdeburg had lost its position among the best clubs in East Germany, those were now BFC Dynamo, Dynamo Dresden and Lok Leipzig. Finishing on an UEFA cup rank was the only realistic goal in these days. But even in the UEFA Cup, Magdeburg usually went out in the first rounds, albeit against reputable opposition, such as AC Torino, Borussia Mönchengladbach, FC Barcelona and Athletic Bilbao. The 1–5 home defeat against Barcelona (three goals by Diego Maradona) showed that the club from Magdeburg was no longer able to keep up with Europe's footballing greats. From the mid-80s, attendance shrunk to around 10,000 spectators.
For the first season in the new tier-IV 2008–09 Fußball-Regionalliga, the Magdeburg board gave out immediate repromotion as the team's goal. As only one player had a valid contract for the new league, the club was forced to bring in a large number of new players. Especially in the midfield virtually none of the previous season's squad was retained. With just the top spot bringing promotion, the task for manager Linz was exceptionally difficult. But in spite of the challenge of forming a team from scratch, the majority of managers in the league declared Magdeburg the top candidate for promotion. Following a drop to fourth place in March, the club sacked manager Paul Linz and hired former player Steffen Baumgart as his successor. Baumgart signed a contract until June 2009. Despite a mediocre record in the league, Baumgart' contact was extended another year until June 2010. Promotion was still the target for Baumgart's team, but after the winterbreak the distance to the promotion spot had increased so much that the board decided to let Baumgart go. Carsten Müller was appointed as an interim manager with the goal of at least winning the Landespokal, but even that failed. For the following season, Magdeburg appointed Ruud Kaiser as manager, tasked with building a team capable of winning the league within two years. However, after a string of bad results brought the side dangerously close to relegation, Kaiser was let go and succeeded by Wolfgang Sandhowe.

Current season

Sandhowe was retained as manager for the 2011–12 season. Due to the reform of the Regionalliga, no team would be relegated at the end of the season, but when Magdeburg were only 16th with just one win in ten games, Sandhowe was let go on 25 October 2011, with assistant manager Ronny Thielemann taking over

Honours

- UEFA Cup Winners' Cup: 1
- - Winners 1973–74 European Cup Winners' Cup
- DDR-Oberliga: 3
- - Champions 1971–72 DDR-Oberliga, 1973–74 DDR-Oberliga, 1974–75 DDR-Oberliga
- FDGB-Pokal: 7 (Record, shared with SG Dynamo Dresden)
- - Winners 1963–64 FDGB-Pokal, 1964–65 FDGB-Pokal, 1968–69 FDGB-Pokal, 1972–73 FDGB-Pokal, 1977–78 FDGB-Pokal, 1978–79 FDGB-Pokal, 1982–83 FDGB-Pokal
- Saxony-Anhalt Cup: 8 (Record)
- - Winners 1993, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009
- - Runners-up 1994, 2008

Managers

- Johannes Manthey, 1951–1955
- Heinz Joerk, 1955–1957
- Johannes Manthey, 1957–1958
- Fritz Wittenbecher, 1958–1962
- Ernst Kümmel, 1962–1966
- Günter Weitkuhn, 1966

- Heinz Krügel, 1966–1976
- Günter Konzack, 1970–1971 (stand-in for Heinz Krügel, who was studying at the Deutsche Hochschule für Körperkultur)
- Klaus Urbanczyk, 1976–1982
- Claus Kreul, 1982–1985
- Joachim Streich, 1985–1990
- Siegmund Mewes, 1990–1991
- Joachim Streich, 1991–1992
- Wolfgang Grobe, 1992
- Jürgen Pommerenke, 1992–1993
- Frank Engel, 1993–1994
- Martin Hoffmann (footballer), 1994–1996
- Karl Herdle, 1996
- Hans-Dieter Schmidt, 1996–1999
- Jürgen Görlitz, 1999–2000
- Eberhard Vogel, 2000–2001
- Joachim Steffens, 2001–2002
- Martin Hoffmann, 2002–2003
- Dirk Heyne, 2003–2007
- Paul Linz, 2007–2009
- Steffen Baumgart, 2009–2010
- Carsten Müller (interim), 2010
- Ruud Kaiser, 2010–2011
- Wolfgang Sandhowe, 2011
- Ronny Thielemann, 2011–
, 57 DDR caps (1969–77), well-known for his goal against West Germany in the 1974 FIFA World Cup Group 1
- Martin Hoffmann (footballer), 66 DDR caps
- Jürgen Pommerenke, 57 DDR caps
- Joachim Streich, 98 DDR caps. Holds both the records for most appearances and most goals scored in the national team.
- Wolfgang Steinbach, 28 DDR caps
- Dirk Stahmann, 46 DDR caps
- Uwe Rösler, 6 DDR caps

See also List of 1. FC Magdeburg players

Magdeburg in European competitions

{. For the 2010–11 season the team competes in the Under 19 Bundesliga (football), the top flight league it had competed in during the 2007–08 season. Talents from the club's youth teams make the step up to the men's team on a regular basis. Altogether, more than 200 players of all ages compete in the youth teams. All but the U19 and U17 teams play in their respective top flights. In 1999, the Magdeburg U19 team became the first team from former East Germany to win a national title in unified Germany, winning the U19 DFB-Pokal.
27 coaches take care of the youth teams, the club has established a youth academy and offers room and board for a number of youth players. Cooperation agreements with the Sportgymnasium Magdeburg (a high school with an intense focus on sports) and a number of medical institutions in Magdeburg have been signed to aid with promoting talent from the youth teams.
Another part of the youth setup is the U23 team, seen as a transition stage between youth and men's teams. As of 2009–10, the U23 competes in the sixth-tier NOFV-Oberliga.

Youth team honors

- East German U19 Championship: 5
- - Winners 1963, 1964, 1965, 1970, 1989
- East German U17 Championship: 3
- - Winners 1966, 1968, 1980
- U17 NOFV Cup: 1
- - Winners 2005

Stadium

For over 40 years, 1. FC Magdeburg's home stadium was the Ernst-Grube-Stadion. In 2005, the stadium which had decayed rapidly after German reunification was demolished to make way for a new, football-only stadium. In December 2006 the new Stadion Magdeburg was opened, it is fully covered and offers room for 27,250 spectators. As is usual in Germany, there is standing room for 4,500 people that can be converted to seats to make the stadium a 25,000 capacity all-seater for international matches. In July 2009, local ISP and cable TV company MDCC announced they had signed a five-year sponsorship agreement with the stadium operator under which the stadium would be known as MDCC-Arena.

Fans

While the average attendance has had its ups and downs in recent years, 1. FC Magdeburg traditionally had a large number of supporters. At an average away match, the club will bring several hundred fans, but for important matches or derbies, this number can increase into thousands. 5,000 fans accompanied their club to the away match against Eintracht Braunschweig in the 2007–08 season. A similar number traveled to the match against Vfl Wolfsburg. However, the away fan record for 1. FC Magdeburg dates back to 1983, when some 25,000 fans traveled to Berlin to see the FDGB-Pokal final against Chemnitzer FC in the Stadion der Weltjugend.

Since the new stadium has been opened, the fans can be found in different sections. Some are in section 2, a standing area in a corner, while the ultras have their home in section 4. They refer to themselves as Block U, a reference to the initial plan of designating the various sections of the new stadium with letters instead of numbers. Block U unites a number of different ultra and fan groups. Currently, 49 fan clubs have registered with 1. FC Magdeburg.

Magdeburg have fan rivalries with Hallescher FC and SG Dynamo Dresden. The rivalry with Hallescher FC centers around the question of being no. 1 in Saxony-Anhalt, while the Dresden rivalry can be traced back to the 1970s, when both clubs formed the elite of East German football. There is a friendly relation to Eintracht Braunschweig, accepted by a large part of Magdeburg supporters. Some, however, merely respect the friendship, while remaining generally critical.

Footnotes





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