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Fortuna Düsseldorf

Fortuna Düsseldorf is a football (soccer) club from Germany.

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About Fortuna Düsseldorf

is a Football in Germany based in Düsseldorf, North Rhine-Westphalia, currently playing in the second tier of German league football, the 2. Fußball-Bundesliga. Founded in 1895 and entered the league in 1913 they were a fixture in top-flight play from the early 1920s up to the foundation of the nationwide Fußball-Bundesliga in 1963 where they participated in 22 seasons between 1966 and 1997.

History

Foundation to World War II

The earliest roots of the association go back to the establishment of the gymnastics club Turnverein Flingern on 5 May 1895 in the village of Flingern, today one of the eastern quarters of Düsseldorf. Two other sides figure in the club's early history: Düsseldorfer Fußballklub Spielverein founded in 1908 and FK Alemania 1911, which was founded in 1911 and became Fortuna 1911 the following year. In mid-1913, these two clubs merged to form Düsseldorfer Fußball-Club Fortuna 1911, which played its debut season in the Westdeutschen Spielverband in 1913–14. TV Flingern joined Fortuna to create Düsseldorfer Turn- und Sportverein Fortuna on 15 November 1919.

In the late 1920s, Fortuna won its first honours as a first tier side; they captured a district level Bezirksliga title in 1927, sent their first representative to the national side in 1928 (Ernst Albrecht (footballer)), and took a second Bezirksliga title in 1929. The team continued to perform well into the 1930s winning their third and fourth district titles on their way to a Western German football championship in 1931 and their greatest success, a German football championship in 1933 against FC Schalke 04, who were on the verge of becoming the era's dominant side. Fortuna was the first team to win the title without conceding a goal in the final rounds of the tournament. They beat Vorwärts-Rasensport Gleiwitz (9:0), Arminia Hannover (3:0), Eintracht Frankfurt (4:0) and finally FC Schalke 04 (3:0) on their way to the become first national champion from the industrial Rhine-Ruhr area.

The following season the club began play in Gauliga Niederrhein, one of sixteen top-flight divisions formed in the re-organization of German football under the Third Reich. Düsseldorf dominated the division through the 30s as 5 times champions between 1936 and 1940 and made losing appearances in the national championship final in 1936 (1:2 to 1. FC Nuremberg) and the final of the Tschammerpokal, predecessor of today's DFB-Pokal (German Cup), in 1937 (1:2 against FC Schalke). The club was relegated in 1942 but made a prompt return to the top flight the following season. In 1944–45 they began play as the combined wartime side Kriegsspielgemeinschaft TSV Fortuna/SC 99 Düsseldorf with partner Düsseldorfer Sport Club 1899, but took part in only two matches as Nazi Germany fell before the advance of Allied armies.

The most notable players of that Era were Paul Janes, Germany's most capped player of the 1930s (71 caps), member of the Breslau Eleven that beat Denmark 8:0 in Breslau in 1937 and went on to win 10 out 11 games played during that year, Stanislaus Kobierski, who earned 26 caps and scored Germany's first ever World Cup goal, Ernst Albrecht (footballer) and Jakob Bender.

Post War era

After World War II, Allied occupation authorities ordered the dissolution of all sports organizations in Germany. Fortuna was re-formed in 1945 and then played most of their football in the Oberliga West (I) in the years between 1947 and the creation of the Fußball-Bundesliga, Germany's professional football league, in 1963. They played as a lower-to-mid table side but did earn three appearances in the German Cup final in – 1957, 1958 and 1962 – but were not able to take the prize, losing each of those matches (against FC Bayern Munich, VFB Stuttgart and 1. FC Nuremberg). It was also the time of famous Toni Turek, goal keeper for Germany's Miracle of Bern side at the 1954 World Cup, Erich Juskowiak (30 caps and World Cup player in 1958) and later national team Coach Jupp Derwall who played in the Fortuna midfield.

1960s and 1970s

The club's performance was not good enough to earn them a place among the original sixteen teams chosen for the newly founded Bundesliga in 1963, but they did manage to play their way into the premier division three years later for a cameo appearance in the 1966–67 season. Despite a sensational 2:1 away win at recently crowned European Cup Winners Cup winners Borussia Dortmund in their Bundesliga premiere game Fortuna were immediately relegated, but returned in 1971 for a stay that lasted sixteen seasons and that included two third place league finishes (in the 1972/73 and 1973/1974 seasons). On December, the 9th, 1978 Fortuna obtained a 7:1 victory against FC Bayern Munich, up to date the highest away defeat for Germanys top club in their overall Fußball-Bundesliga-history. In addition Fortuna continued prosperous in German Cup play, making another three appearances: after losing in their fifth appearance in the final in 1978 against local rivals 1. FC Köln 0:2, they finally broke through and came away as cupholders in 1979 (1:0 against Hertha BSC Berlin) and then repeated in 1980 (2:1 against 1. FC Köln). In this period they established a record for consecutive German Cup match victories (18 straight victories between 1978 and 1981).

Fortuna is among a group of four teams which have made frequent appearances in the German Cup final only to come away empty handed. Like 1. FC Kaiserslautern they have just two wins against fives losses. 1. FC Köln has four wins and six losses in the Cup final, while FC Schalke has been frustrated most often with four wins and seven losses. Four of the Düsseldorfer's losses were by a single goal and two of those were in extra time.

The club's best turn in European competition was in the 1979 European Cup Winners' Cup Final where they finished as runners up to FC Barcelona, losing 4:3 in extra time in an exciting finale at Basle. It was the first of four occasions that the Catalan club won the tournament.

Fortuna achieved their success mostly with hometown players like the famous Allofs-Brothers (Klaus Allofs and Thomas Allofs) or players, like Gerd Zewe (440 games in the Bundesliga), Dieter Herzog, Reiner Geye, Wolfgang Seel and Rudi Bommer who joined the team as nearly unknown players and ended as Internationals. Between 1960 and 1967 Peter Meyer, scored 119 goals in 174 games.

1980s to present

Since relegation in 1987, Fortuna has bounced back forth between leagues, spending five more seasons in the Bundesliga in 1989–92 and 1995–97 and slipping as low as Oberliga Nordrhein (IV) in 2002–04. In 2001 they escaped relegation to tier IV only because two other clubs were denied licenses to play in tier III for financial reasons. Fortuna had their own money problems at the time, but have since managed to put their house more or less back into order. Between 2001 and 2003 the club was sponsored by the German punk rock band Die Toten Hosen.

In 2008–09 Fortuna competed in the new 3rd Liga, and finished 2nd, gaining automatic promotion to 2. Fußball-Bundesliga, where they finished 4th in their comeback season 2009–10. In this season Fortuna was the only side unbeaten in home-matches in the three top German (nationwide) leagues and in addition set an average attendance record (more than 28.000 per match) in their 115 year old club history.

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Honours

Championship

- German championship winners: 1933
- German championship finalists: 1936
- Western German football championshiphip winners: 1931

Cup

- DFB-Pokal winners: 1979, 1980
- German Cup finalists: 1937, 1957, 1958, 1962, 1978
- Western German Cup winners: 1956, 1957, 1958, 1962

International competition

- UEFA Cup Winners' Cup finalists: 1979
- Trofeo Ciudad de Palma winners: 1989
- UEFA Intertoto Cup winners: 1967, 1984, 1986

Reserve team

- German amateur football championshiphip winners: 1977

League History

- 1913–1914 C-Klasse (3rd tier) – Champions: 1914
- 1914–1918 B-Klasse (2nd tier) – Champions: 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918
- 1918–1919 A-Klasse (1st tier)
- 1919–1920 A-Klasse (2nd tier) – Champions: 1920
- 1920–1921 Gauliga Berg Mark (1st tier)
- 1921–1922 A-Klasse (2nd tier)
- 1922–1933 Gauliga Berg Mark (1st tier) – Champions: 1927, 1929, 1931, 1933
- 1933–1942 Gauliga Niederrhein (1st tier) – Champions: 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940
- 1942–1943 Bezirksklasse (2nd tier) – Champions: 1943
- 1943–1944 Gauliga Niederrhein (1st tier)
- 1944–1946 no contests (WW II)
- 1946–1947 Bezirksliga Berg Mark (1st tier) – Champions: 1947
- 1947–1949 Oberliga West (1st tier)
- 1949–1950 2nd Oberliga West (2nd tier)
- 1950–1960 Oberliga West (1st tier)
- 1960–1961 2. Liga West (2nd tier)
- 1961–1963 Oberliga West (1st tier)
- 1963–1966 Regionalliga West (1963-74) (2nd tier) – Champions: 1966
- 1966–1967 Fußball-Bundesliga (1st tier)
- 1967–1971 Regionalliga West (2nd tier)
- 1971–1987 Bundesliga (1st tier)
- 1987–1989 2. Fußball-Bundesliga (2nd tier) – Champions: 1989
- 1989–1992 Bundesliga (1st tier)
- 1992–1993 2. Bundesliga (2nd tier)
- 1993–1994 Oberliga Nordrhein (3rd tier) – Champions: 1994
- 1994–1995 2. Bundesliga (2nd tier)
- 1995–1997 Bundesliga (1st tier)
- 1997–1999 2. Bundesliga (2nd tier)
- 1999–2000 Regionalliga West/Südwest (3rd tier)
- 2000–2002 Regionalliga Nord (3rd tier)
- 2002–2004 Oberliga Nordrhein (4th tier)
- 2004–2008 Regionalliga Nord (3rd tier)
- 2008–2009 3rd Liga (3rd tier)
- 2009–2012 2. Bundesliga (2nd tier)

Recent Seasons


Notable players (Internationals for the German National football team)

25 Fortuna players have made appearances with the Germany national football team earning 240 caps between them:

- Ernst Albrecht (footballer) (1928–1934) 17 caps
- Klaus Allofs (1978–1981) 21 caps (56 caps overall)
- Jakob Bender (1933–1935) 9 caps
- Manfred Bockenfeld (1984) 1 cap
- Rudi Bommer (1984) 6 caps
- Kurt Borkenhagen (1952) 1 cap
- Theo Breuer (1933) 2 caps
- Jupp Derwall (1954) 2 caps
- Reiner Geye (1972–1974) 4 caps
- Hans Heibach (1938) 1 cap
- Dieter Herzog (1974) 5 caps
- Günter Jäger (1958) 1 cap
- Paul Janes (1932–1942) 71 caps
- Erich Juskowiak (1953–1959) 30 caps (31 caps overall)
- Stanislaus Kobierski (1931–1941) 26 caps
- Kurt Krüger (1940) 1 cap
- Matthias Mauritz (1959) 1 cap
- Paul Mehl (1936) 2 caps
- Hans Neuschäfer (1956) 1 cap
- Wolfgang Seel (1974–1977) 6 caps
- Bernhard Steffen (1958–1960) 2 caps
- Anton Turek (1950–1954) 20 caps
- Willi Wigold (1932–1934) 4 caps
- Gerd Zewe (1978–1979) 4 caps
- Felix Zwolanowski (1940) 2 caps

Stadiums

- Lichtplatz (1908–19)
- Vennhauser Straße (1919–30)
- Paul-Janes-Stadion (1930–53, 1970–72, 1975–76 (Evasive), 2002–05, 2005–07 (Evasive))
- Rheinstadion (1953–70, 1972–2002)
- Multifunktionsarena Esprit Arena (2005–present)
- Air Berlin World (2011, Evasive)


Trivia

- Fortuna established a record for consecutive German Cup match victories (18 straight victories between 1978 and 1981).
- On December, the 9th, 1978 Fortuna obtained a 7:1 victory against FC Bayern Munich, up to date the highest away defeat for Germanys top club in their overall Bundesliga-history.
- Fortuna was the first German team that visited Africa for friendly competition in 1928 and the first German team that signed an African player (Charles Gyamfi) in 1960.
- 10 years after the Cupwinners Cup final against FC Barcelona Fortuna won a rematch at Palma de Majorca against the Spaniards 2:1 taking the win at the traditional tournament Ciudad de Palma.
- 2009 Fortuna set an alltime attendance record for third level fooball in Germany. 50.095 visitors saw a 1:0 victory against Werder Bremen II that meant promotion into the 2nd Bundesliga.




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