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Monaco

Monaco is a football (soccer) club from France.

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About Monaco

Association Sportive de Monaco Football Club (; commonly referred to as AS Monaco or simply Monaco) are a French people association football club based in Fontvieille, Monaco. The club was founded in 1924 and currently play in Ligue 2, the second tier of Football in France. The team plays its home matches at the Stade Louis II located within Fontvieille. Monaco is managed by former Monaco player and Italy national football team Marco Simone and Captain (association football) by Ludovic Giuly. Simone works as manager in tandem with club sporting director Jean Petit.

Though based in Monaco, the club is regarded as a French club, as the club plays in the French football league system, and because the principality of Monaco is not a member of UEFA. Monaco is one of the most List of French football champions in the country having won seven Ligue 1 titles and five Coupe de France trophies. The club has also regularly competed in European football having been runners-up in both the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup and UEFA Champions League in 1992 European Cup Winners' Cup Final and 2004 UEFA Champions League Final, respectively.

Monaco enjoyed numerous successes in the 1970s and late 1980s during the managerial tenures of Lucien Leduc and Arsène Wenger, during which the club was amongst the leading lights of European football. Monaco's traditional colours are red and white, and the club is affectionately known as Les Rouge et Blanc . Monaco is also a member of the European Club Association. In December 2011, two-thirds of the club was sold to an investment group led by Russian billionaire Dmitry Rybolovlev.

History

AS Monaco FC was founded on 23 August 1924 as an unification of numerous local clubs based in France and the Monaco. The club's early years were spent in the amateur regional divisions of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Regions of France, rising rapidly between the leagues in the 1990s. In 1933, Monaco were invited by the French Football Federation to turn professional. The Monégasques' first year of Ligue 2 ended in failure however, as they were relegated to the amateur leagues the following year. By 1948, Monaco re-acquired its professional status and returned to the French second division; they subsequently consistently finished in its upper echelons, with this sustained effort resulting in promotion to the French Ligue 1 for the first time in 1953.

In 1960, Monaco's first iconic coach, Lucien Leduc, led the club to its first professional trophy, the Coupe de France, beating AS Saint-Étienne 4–2 in extra time. This initial success was bettered in the following year with the club winning the Ligue 1 for the first time in its history, qualifying for the European Cup. Leduc subsequently led the club to its first League and Cup Double in 1963. Upon Leduc's departure in 1963, Monaco endured a barren run, entrenched in the middle half of the league for the best part of the next decade and alternating between the first and second divisions after 1963. In 1975, Jean-Louis Campora, son of former president Charles Campora, became chairman of the club. In his second season, he brought back Leduc, who immediately won the club promotion to the first division and won them the championship the following year in 1978. Leduc subsequently left the club again in 1979, to be succeeded by Lucien Muller and Gérard Banide, both of whom were unable to halt the club's decline.

The early 1980s saw a steady stream of successes in national competitions. Monaco won a title almost every other year; the Coupe de France in 1980 and 1985, the Ligue 1 in 1982, was Coupe de France finalist in 1984. In the 1985–86 season, Monaco hammered FC Girondins de Bordeaux 9–0, one of the biggest wins in club history.

Disappointingly for Monaco fans, the club could not translate its domestic leadership into European success. Up to this point, Monaco had never past the first round of any European competition. Monaco lost to Dundee United (1981) PFC CSKA Sofia twice (1982 and 1984) and FC Universitatea Craiova.

In 1986, famed AFC Ajax manager István Kovács (footballer born 1920), who succeeded Rinus Michels and honed his total football ideals with the Dutch champions, came out of a three-year "retirement" to manage Monaco, but even he could not bring them success. With the club facing a second barren spell, they signed legendary future Arsenal F.C. manager Arsène Wenger, who had hitherto been relatively unknown, managing AS Nancy without much success. Wenger's reign saw the club enjoy one of its most successful periods, with several inspired signings, including future legends George Weah, Glenn Hoddle, Jürgen Klinsmann, and Youri Djorkaeff. Youth team policies produced future World Cup winners Emmanuel Petit, Lilian Thuram, and Thierry Henry. Under Wenger, they won the league in his first season in charge (1988) and the Coupe de France in 1989 and 1991, with the club consistently competing in the latter stages of the European Cup and regularly challenging for the league title. The club could have had even greater success in this period, as it emerged in 1993 that bitter rivals Olympique de Marseille had indulged in match fixing and numerous improprieties, a view that Wenger had long held.

After Wenger's departure, the club endured a relatively poor run, only winning the league twice afterwards (1997 and 2000), amidst rumours that the club was facing numerous financial difficulties. Wenger's successor, Campora, left the club in 2003, with Monaco facing relegation into the second division due to a huge deficit and a dearth of investors. His replacement, Pierre Svara, took charge on a temporary basis in 2003, with the club enjoying a remarkable run towards the final of the UEFA Champions League, led by former French national team captain Didier Deschamps and with the team featuring stalwarts such as Fernando Morientes, Ludovic Giuly, Jérôme Rothen, and Dado Pršo, beating Real Madrid C.F. and Chelsea F.C. along the way. Even with this successful run, Svara was soon replaced by Michel Pastor. One of Pastor's first tasks was to hold onto the players who had turned the club into one of the best in Europe, but he failed to convince them to stay, and their replacements were unable to replicate previous successes. After four years, six coaches and only mid-table finishes, Pastor left the club amid severe criticism of his management skills.

In 2008, Jérôme de Bontin, a leading shareholder of the club since 2003, took charge of the club, promising a complete shake-up. Under his reign as president, the club brought in players such as Park Chu-Young and Freddy Adu, but they did not find much success on the pitch, going through a torrid season and only managing a mid-table finish. De Bontin resigned at the end of the season, replaced by banker Etienne Franzi and a new board of directors.

In July 2009, Brazilian manager Ricardo Gomes was replaced by former AS Cannes and Stade Rennais F.C. coach Guy Lacombe, inheriting a youthful squad featuring numerous highly lauded youth team prospects, including Cédric Mongongu, Serge Gakpé, Vincent Muratori, Frédéric Nimani, Nicolas N'Koulou, Park Chu-Young, Yohan Mollo, and Yohann Thuram-Ulien. Lacombe led Monaco to 8th place in Ligue 1 in his first season in charge, but he was unable to replicate this performance in his second season, and was sacked in January 2011 with Monaco sitting 17th in Ligue 1. He was replaced by Laurent Banide, who was unable to turn around the club's fortunes; Monaco finished the 2010–11 Ligue 1 in 18th position, thus becoming relegated to Ligue 2.

Stadium

Monaco have played at the original Stade Louis II (1939) since its beginnings in 1939. In 1985, the stadium was replaced with the current Stade Louis II, built on a nearby site consisting of land reclaimed from the Mediterranean, which has become a recurring feature of the stadium's seaside surroundings. The stadium is named after the former Prince of Monaco Louis II, Prince of Monaco and houses a total of 18,500 supporters. The Stade Louis II is noted for its iconic nine arches and has hosted numerous athletic events and European Cup finals, including each instance of the annual UEFA Super Cup, which is held every August. The stadium has been undergone renovations numerous times and, at the beginning of the 2008–09 Ligue 1, underwent numerous changes, which included the installation of two large screens. Monaco train in nearby La Turbie, a newly-built training facility featuring state-of-the-art gyms, pools and conference centres.

Commitment

AS Monaco FC is today one of the Ambassadors for Peace and Sport, a Monaco-based international organization, committed to serving peace in the world through sport.

Players

First-team squad



As of 6 February 2012.





Out on loan



Notable former players

Below are the notable former players who have represented Monaco in Ligue 1 and international competition since the club's foundation in 1924. To appear in the section below, a player must have played in at least 100 official matches for the club.

For a list of former and current AS Monaco players with a article, see :Category:AS Monaco FC players.

- Armand Forcherio
- Manuel Amoros
- Marcel Artelesa
- Fabien Barthez
- Bruno Bellone
- Henri Biancheri
- Dominique Bijotat
- Georges Casolari
- Rolland Courbis
- Lucien Cossou
- Christian Dalger
- Marcel Dib
- Youri Djorkaeff
- Yvon Douis
- Franck Dumas
- Jean-Luc Ettori
- Patrice Evra
- Ludovic Giuly
- Jérôme Rothen
- Thierry Henry
- Michel Hidalgo
- Sylvain Legwinski
- François Ludo
- Gaël Givet
- Raymond Kaelbel
- Camel Meriem
- Stéphane Ruffier

- Emmanuel Petit
- Jean Petit
- Claude Puel
- Luc Sonor
- Sébastien Squillaci
- Lilian Thuram
- David Trezeguet
- Leandro Cufré
- Lucas Bernardi
- Marcelo Gallardo
- Delio Onnis
- Enzo Scifo
- Philippe Léonard
- Sonny Anderson
- Youssouf Falikou Fofana
- Dado Pršo
- Jerko Leko
- Jaroslav Plašil
- Shabani Nonda
- Glenn Hoddle
- Jürgen Klinsmann
- Akis Zikos
- Flavio Roma
- George Weah
- Park Chu-Young
- Rafael Márquez
- Bart Carlier
- Victor Ikpeba
- Diego Pérez (footballer)

Management and staff

Senior club staff
- President: Dmitry Rybolovlev
- Vice-President: Evgeny Smolentsev
- General Director: Filips Dhondt
- Accounting Director: Emmanuel Blanchi

Coaching and medical staff
- Manager: Marco Simone
- Assistant Manager: Jean Petit and Frédéric Barilaro
- Doctor: Philippe Kuentz

Managerial history



Honours

Domestic

- Ligue 1
- - Champions (7): 1960–61 French Division 1, 1962–63 French Division 1, 1977–78 French Division 1, 1981–82 French Division 1, 1987–88 French Division 1, 1996–97 French Division 1, 1999–20 French Division 100
- Championnat de France amateur
- - Champions (3): 1962, 1972, 2008
- Coupe de France
- - Champions (5): 1960 Coupe de France Final, 1963 Coupe de France Final, 1980 Coupe de France Final, 1985 Coupe de France Final, 1991 Coupe de France Final
- - Runners-Up (5): 1974 Coupe de France Final, 1984 Coupe de France Final, 1989 Coupe de France Final, 1992, 2010 Coupe de France Final
- Coupe de la Ligue
- - Champions (1): Coupe de la Ligue Final 2003
- - Runners-Up (1): Coupe de la Ligue Final 2001
- Trophée des champions
- - Champions (4): 1961, 1985, 1997, 2000
- - Runners-Up (1): 1960
- Coupe Charles Drago
- - Champions (1): 1961
- Coupe Gambardella
- - Champions (3): 1962, 1972, 2011

Europe

- UEFA Champions League
- - Runners-Up (1): 2003–04 UEFA Champions League
- UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
- - Runners-Up (1): 1991–92 European Cup Winners' Cup
- Coppa delle Alpi
- - Champions (3): 1979, 1983, 1984

Records






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