is a football (soccer) club from France.
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Football Club des Girondins de Bordeaux (; commonly referred to as Girondins de Bordeaux or simply Bordeaux) is a football in France club based in the city of Bordeaux. The club currently play in Ligue 1, the first division of Football in France, and won its last Ligue 1 title in the 2008–09 Ligue 1.
Bordeaux was founded in 1881 as a Sports club and is one of the most successful Association football clubs in France. The club has won six Ligue 1 titles, which places it tied for 4th in titles won. Bordeaux have also won three Coupe de France titles, three Coupe de la Ligue titles, and three Trophée des champions. The club has the honor of having appeared in the most finals in the Coupe de la Ligue having appeared in six of the 16 finals contested. Bordeaux plays its home games at the Stade Chaban Delmas, named after the former mayor of Bordeaux, Jacques Chaban-Delmas. The facility was previously known as the Parc Lescure and seats 34,362. The club is currently in negotiations to build a New Bordeaux stadium, which will seat 42,000. The city of Bordeaux is listed as a site for UEFA Euro 2016 in the France's bid to host.
Bordeaux is one of the popular football clubs in France. About 10% of the country's population support the club. Bordeaux trail only Olympique de Marseille (20% of the population), Olympique Lyonnais (11%), and Paris Saint-Germain F.C. (11%). The club has been wholly owned by the French television group Métropole 6 since 2001.
FC Girondins des Bordeaux was founded on 1 October 1881 initially as a gymnastics and Shooting sports Sports club. The club, chaired by André Chavois, later added sports such as Rowing (sport), Equestrianism, and swimming, among others. It was not until 1910 when football was officially introduced to the club following strong urging from several members within the club, most notably club president Raymond Brard, though it was only available on a Trial (sport) basis. The experiment with football lasted only a year before returning almost a decade later in 1919. The club contested its first official match in 1920 defeating Section Burdigalienne 12–0.
Bordeaux achieved professional status in football on 2 July 1936, partly due to the club's merger with fellow Bordeaux
outfit Girondins Guyenne Sport, which resulted in the club that exists today. Bordeaux's rise to professionalism came about alongside the French Football Federation's plea to increase professionalism in French football, which prior to 1932, had been non-existent. The club was inserted into the Ligue 2 and made its debut appearance during the French football Division 2 1937–38. The club's first manager was Spain Benito Diaz. Diaz brought fellow Spanish players Santiago Urtizberea and Jaime Mancisidor to the team with the latter serving as Captain (association football). The club's most prominent France on the team were homegrown Striker Henri Arnaudeau and Goalkeeper (association football) André Gérard. Bordeaux played its first official match on 23 May 1937 defeating Rhône-Alpes-based FC Scionzier 2–1 at the Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir. The club's first ever league match was contested on 22 August losing away to Toulouse FC 3–2. Bordeaux recorded its first league win against Nîmes Olympique. Unfortunately for the club, the team finished 6th in the Southern region of the division. Bordeaux's disappointing finish inserted the club into the relegation playoff portion of the league where the team finished a respectable 3rd. A year later, Bordeaux moved into its current home, the Stade Chaban-Delmas, which had previously been known as, simply Parc Lescure. The facility was built specifically for the 1938 FIFA World Cup and, following the competition's completion, was designated to Bordeaux. The club had formerly played its home matches at the Stade Galin, which today is used as a training ground.
Success and stability
On 15 October 1940, Bordeaux merged with local club AS Port and took on one of the club's most prestigious traditions, the scapular. Bordeaux ASP, which the club was now known, adorned the scapular during its run to the Coupe de France Final 1941. The match, played in German occupation of France during World War II at the Stade Municipal in Saint-Ouen, saw Bordeaux defeat SC Fives 2–0 with Urtizberea netting both goals. The Coupe de France triumph was the club's first major honour. Following the liberation of France, Bordeaux returned to league play and earned promotion to the Ligue 1 following its 2nd place finish during the French football Division 2 1948–49. After the season, André Gérard, now manager of the club, signed Netherlands Bertus de Harder. Led by the three-headed monster of de Harder, Édouard Kargu, and Camille Libar, Bordeaux captured its first-ever league championship, in just French football Division 1 1949–50 in the first division, winning by six points over second place Lille OSC. The league success led to Bordeaux being selected to participate in the second edition of the Latin Cup. In the competition, Bordeaux reached the final drawing 3–3 with Portugal outfit S.L. Benfica. The draw forced a second match with Benfica claiming victory following an extra time goal after over two hours and 25 minutes of play.
Bordeaux maintained its title-winning aspirations finishing runner-ups to OGC Nice two seasons after winning its first title. The club also performed well in cup competitions reaching the Coupe de France final in Coupe de France Final 1952 and Coupe de France Final 1955. In 1952, Bordeaux suffered defeat to the team it finished runner-up to the same year, Nice, following a thrilling match in which eight goals were scored with five of them coming in the first 40 minutes. Bordeaux drew the match at 3–3 following a 55th minute goal from Henri Baillot, but Nice countered minutes later with two goals in a span of four minutes to go up 5–3, which was the final result. In 1955, Bordeaux were trounced 5–2 by Lille who went up 4–0 within 35 minutes. The resulting struggles in the cup competitions led to struggles domestically with the club suffering relegation in the French football Division 1 1955–56. The club returned to the first division for the French football Division 1 1959–60, but failed to make an impact falling back to Ligue 2 after finishing dead last in the standings with 21 points.
Bordeaux returned to its former selves in the 1960s under new manager and former player Salvador Artigas. Under the helm of Artigas, Bordeaux returned to the first division and finished in a respectable 4th place for the French football Division 1 1962–63. The following season, Bordeaux Coupe de France Final 1964 where the club faced off against Olympique Lyonnais. Bordeaux, once again, were defeated 2–0 courtesy of two goals from the Argentina Nestor Combin. The club's runner-up finish resulted in the team qualifying for the 1964–65 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup. The appearance was brief with the club losing 4–3 on aggregate to German club Borussia Dortmund. Four seasons later, Bordeaux again reached the final of the Coupe de France; the club's seventh appearance overall. The team faced AS Saint-Étienne and, again failed to match the achievement reached in 1941 losing 2–1. The following season, Bordeaux earned another appearance in the final, but again, failed to win the trophy losing 2–0 to Olympique de Marseille. The team suffered an extreme decline during the 1970s, despite to arrival of Alain Giresse. The club played under seven different managers during the decade and consistently finished at the bottom half of the table. In 1979, the club was sold to the influential and ambitious real estate mogul Claude Bez, who positioned himself as president of the club.
Return to prominence
Under the helm of Claude Bez, who injected millions into the club, Bordeaux flourished winning three league championships, two Coupe de France titles, and also performed well in UEFA competitions. During Bez's run presiding over the team, he recruited several France national football team such as Bernard Lacombe, Jean Tigana, René Girard (footballer), Jean-Christophe Thouvenel, and Thierry Tusseau. Bez also brought in established manager Aimé Jacquet. Led by 1970s mainstays Giresse and Gernot Rohr, Bordeaux captured its first league championship since 1950 in the 1983–84 French football Division 1 finishing equal on points with AS Monaco FC, however, due to having a better head-to-head record, Bordeaux were declared champions. The 1984–85 French football Division 1, Bordeaux again won the league claiming the title by four points over second place FC Nantes. In Europe, Bordeaux played in the 1984–85 European Cup and reached the semi-finals, defeating Spanish club Athletic Bilbao, Romanian club FC Dinamo Bucureşti, and Soviet Union outfit FC Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk before losing to Italian club Juventus F.C.. In the Coupe de France, Bordeaux finally achieved cup glory defeating Marseille 2–1 in the Coupe de France Final 1986 with Tigana and Giresse recording both goals. The Coupe de France trophy was the club's first after over eight agonizing tries and its first since 1941. The following season, the club responded by winning the cup again. In a re-match with Marseille, Bordeaux won its second consecutive cup courtesy of goals from Philippe Fargeon and Zlatko Vujovic. Bordeaux capped off the decade during the 1986–87 French football Division 1 by winning its fourth league title.
Out on loan
Below are the notable former and current players who have represented Bordeaux in Ligue 1 and international competition since the club's foundation in 1881. To appear in the section below, a player must have played in at least 100 official matches for the club.
For a complete FC Girondins de Bordeaux players list, see :Category:FC Girondins de Bordeaux players.
- Patrick Battiston
- Philippe Bergeroo
- Dominique Dropsy
- Christophe Dugarry
- Jean-Marc Ferreri
- Jean Gallice
- André Gérard
- René Girard (footballer)
- Alain Giresse
- Yoann Gourcuff
- Édouard Kargu
- Bernard Lacombe
- Bixente Lizarazu
- Johan Micoud
- Ulrich Ramé
- Alain Roche
- Jean Tigana
- Thierry Tusseau
- Jean-Christophe Thouvenel
- Sylvain Wiltord
- Zinedine Zidane
- Héctor De Bourgoing
- Marouane Chamakh
- Bertus de Harder
- Alexey Smertin
- Santiago Urtizberea
- Dieter Müller
Management and staff
Senior club staff
- President: Jean-Louis Triaud
- Managing Director: Alain Deveseleer
- Commercial and Marketing Director: Vincent Repoux
- Administrative and Financial Director: Catherine Steva
- Recruitment Director: Jérôme Bonnissel
Coaching and medical staff
- Manager: Francis Gillot
- Assistant Manager: Franck Mantaux
- Goalkeeping Coach: undecided
- Fitness Coach: undecided
- Doctor: Serge Debeau
- Kinesiotherapy: David Das Neves
- Kinesiotherapy: Marc Vernet
- Kinesiotherapy: Jacques Thébault
In its history, Bordeaux have had 35 manages. The first was the Spain Benito Díaz. Diaz was the first Bordeaux manager to achieved an honour when, in 1941, the club won the Coupe de France. The first Bordeaux manager to win the league was André Gérard. Gérard led the team to the league crown in 1950. He also has the honour of being the club's longest-serving manager having spent a decade with the club from 1947–1957. Gérard is followed by Aimé Jacquet who spent nine season with the club in the 80s. Under Jacquet, Bordeaux won three league titles and two Coupe de France titles.
- List of French football champions
- - Champions (6): French football Division 1 1949–50, French football Division 1 1983–84, French football Division 1 1984–85, French football Division 1 1986–87, Division 1 1998–99, Ligue 1 2008–09
- Ligue 2
- - Champions (1): French football Division 2 1991-92
- Championnat National
- - Champions (3): 1937, 1944, 1953
- Coupe de France
- - Champions (3): 1941 Coupe de France Final, 1986 Coupe de France Final, 1987 Coupe de France Final
- - Runners-Up (6): 1943 Coupe de France Final, 1952 Coupe de France Final, 1955 Coupe de France Final, 1964 Coupe de France Final, 1968 Coupe de France Final, 1969 Coupe de France Final
- Coupe de la Ligue
- - Champions (3): 2002 Coupe de la Ligue Final, 2007 Coupe de la Ligue Final, 2009 Coupe de la Ligue Final
- - Runners-Up (3): 1997 Coupe de la Ligue Final, 1998 Coupe de la Ligue Final, 2010 Coupe de la Ligue Final
- Trophée des champions
- - Champions (3): 1986, 2008 Trophée des Champions, 2009 Trophée des Champions
- - Runners-Up (3): 1968, 1985, 1999
- Coupe Charles Drago
- - Runners-Up (1): 1965
- Latin Cup
- - Runners-Up (1): 1950
- Coppa delle Alpi
- - Champions (1): 1980
- - Runners-Up (1): 1972
- UEFA Cup
- - Runners-Up (1): UEFA Cup 1995-96
- UEFA Intertoto Cup
- - Winners (1): UEFA Intertoto Cup 1995