is a football (soccer) club from France.
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About Montpellier HSC
Montpellier Hérault Sport Club (; commonly referred to as Montpellier HSC or simply Montpellier) is a Football in France club based in the city of Montpellier. The club was founded in 1919 and currently plays in Ligue 1, the top level of Football in France. Montpellier plays its home matches at the Stade de la Mosson, located within the city. The first team is managed by former football player René Girard (footballer) and Captain (association football) by Defender (football) Mapou Yanga-M'Biwa.
Montpellier was founded under the name Stade Olympique Montpelliérain (SO Montpellier) and played under the name for most of its existence. In 1989, after playing under various names, the club changed its name to its current form. Montpellier is one of the 1932–33 French Division 1 of the first division of French football. Along with Olympique de Marseille, Stade Rennais F.C., FC Sochaux-Montbéliard, and OGC Nice, Montpellier is one of only a few clubs to have played in the inaugural 1932–33 season and still be playing in the first division as of today. The club have, however, never won Ligue 1. Montpellier's highest honour to date was winning the Coupe de France in 1929 Coupe de France Final and 1990 Coupe de France Final. The club has also won the UEFA Intertoto Cup in 1999 and the Coupe d'été in 1992; the latter competition being a precursor to the Coupe de la Ligue.
Montpellier is owned by Louis Nicollin, a French entrepreneur, and has been since 1974. The club have produced several famous players in its history, most notably Laurent Blanc, who currently serves as manager of the France national football team. Blanc is also the club's all-time leading goalscorer. Eric Cantona, Roger Milla, and Carlos Valderrama (footballer) are other players who have played in Montpellier's colours. In 2001, Montpellier introduced a Montpellier HSC (Ladies).
Montpellier Hérault Sport Club was founded in 1919 under the name Stade Olympique Montpelliérain by the Association Générale Sportive Montpelliéraine (AGSM) , which consisted of a handful of wealthy and ambitious citizens of Montpellier. The city of Montpellier had been in the process of creating a sports club in the city since 1914, however, the idea died due to World War I. Upon its creation, the sports club mainly consisting of association football, rugby union, Athletics (sports), tennis, and boxing. The club's headquarters was located at the local Café de Paris (Montpellier) and carried the colors of the city, red and white. After a few months of existence, SO Montpellier, under the advisement of its first president, merged with local club La Vie au Grand Air du Languedoc
(VGAL), which was formed in August 1917 and had been solely dedicated to the sport of football.
The successful merger with VGAL and the acquisition of the club's players allowed Montpellier to easily adapt in the sport. The club spent its formative years playing mainly in the Division d'Honneur Sud-Est
. In 1925, the club was managed by Scotland Victor Gibson. That same year, Montpellier endured an internal crisis after the French Football Federation discovered that the club had been guilty of financial misfeasance. The club's president was suspended from football for five years and Montpellier were relegated for the first time. The resulting penalties led to the departure of several players. In an effort to rebuild, the club changed its name to Sports Olympiques Montpelliérains
and recruited several new players, most notably Branislav Sekulić, Roger Rolhion, and the three Kramer brothers from Switzerland. The rebuilding process was immediate as the club returned to the Division d'Honneur after one season. In 1929, the club won its first major trophy, the Coupe de France. In 1929 Coupe de France Final, Montpellier faced FC Sète and recorded a 2–0 victory courtesy of goals from Auguste Kramer and Edmond Kramer.
In July 1930, the National Council of the French Football Federation of the French Football Federation voted 128–20 in support of professionalism in French football. Montpellier, along with most clubs from the south, were among the first clubs to adopt the new statute and, subsequently, became professional and were founding members of the new league. Ahead of the first campaign, Montpellier continued to perform well in the Coupe de France and reached the final for the second time in three years in 1931. Montpeller were unable to win its second title after being dismantled 3–0 in 1931 Coupe de France Final by Club Français. In the 1932–33 French Division 1, Montpellier finished mid-table in its group. After two more seasons in the league, Montpellier were relegated after finishing in 15th place in 1935. Soon after, it was revealed that the club was French franc370,000 in debt. The club's steering committee decided to dissolve the club and return to its former name Stade Olympique Montpelliérain
, which resulted in the club's debt being erased in the eyes of the federation. The new club remained in Division 2 until earning promotion to Division 1 after winning the second division in 1946. In Montpellier's return to Division 1, the club struggled finishing in the bottom-half of the table in three straight seasons. In 1950, the club was back in Division 2 after finishing 17th in the 1949–50 French Division 1 season.
After a short return to Division 1, Montpellier were back in the second division in 1953. In the spring of 1953, the club's president, known by the surname Fox, brought in former France national football team Julien Darui to act as a player-coach. After nine months, Darui was dismissed from his position. After the departure of Darui, the club was ordered to pay up to ₣5 million after the federation discovered financial and accounting irregularities in the club's accounts. The federation subsequently gave Fox a lifetime ban from French football. In November 1957, a local clergyman, Ferdinand Bessède, was named as president of the club. Bessède quickly cleaned up the club's finances and, by 1961, Montpellier were back in Division 1. After an encouraging 8th place finish in its return, Montpellier faltered back down to Division 2 after finishing in 19th place in the 1962–63 French Division 1. In 1966, Bessède, because of his duties as a clergyman, left his post. Montpellier, as a consequence, began to plummet. The club went back into debt and, also, became disassociated with its supporters after departing its long-time stadium and moving into a new stadium, which supporters were highly critical of. By 1969, Montpellier had lost its professional status and were playing in the Championnat de France amateur (CFA).
From 1969–1987, Montpellier underwent two name changes and spent its time playing in the CFA and Division 2, excluding one year back in Division 1 in 1981. In 1970, in an effort to avoid bankruptcy, the club merged with Montpellier Littoral
and played under the name Montpellier Littoral Sport Club
(MLSC) for four years. Despite the merger, the club still had financial troubles, which led to struggles domestically. The problems led to several players leaving the club for Formation Sportive de Nettoiement
, an emerging sports outfit led by entrepreneur Louis Nicollin. On 1 June 1974, the club merged with up-and-coming club AS Paillade
and changed its name to Montpellier Paillade Sport Club Littoral
(MPSCL). Like the previous merger, the merger with Paillade was ultimately unsuccessful as the club failed to make any progress. At the urging of local journalist Carlo Llorens, MPSCL merged with Nicollin's club, which had quickly become competitive. Nicollin dissolved his club, was installed as Montpellier's president, and brought his players and management over to Montpellier. After slowly ascending up the league system with managers such as Robert Nouzaret, Kader Firoud, and Jacques Bonnet, Montpellier returned to the first division under the leadership of Michel Mézy for the 1987–88 French Division 1.
In 1989, the club was renamed Montpellier Hérault Sport Club after it received financial support from the General Council of Hérault. With the club competing consistently in the first division, Montpellier sought to increase its competitiveness by hiring Aimé Jacquet. Jacquet had won three titles with FC Girondins de Bordeaux in the 1980s. Montpellier also had
a group of talented players, notably Laurent Blanc, Eric Cantona, Daniel Xuereb, Wilbert Suvrijn, and Carlos Valderrama (footballer), among others. Jacquet only spent eight months in charge, which was a stint described by many as chaotic. A dressing room incident involving Cantona marred the club for most of the league season and, in February 1990, Jacquet was replaced by Mézy, who decided to return to the club. Under Mézy, Montpellier shifted back to its normal ways and surprised many by winning the Coupe de France. The club defeated the likes of FC Istres, AS Nancy, and CS Louhans-Cuiseaux before beating Racing Levallois 92 2–1 in 1990 Coupe de France Final courtesy of extra time goals from Laurent Blanc and Kader Ferhaoui. After the success, Mézy left the club again and several of the club's players slowly began to depart for better opportunities. Despite the departures, Montpellier remained in Division 1 for the next decade before falling to Division 2 at the start of the new millennium.
After a short return to Division 1, now called Ligue 1, from 2001–2004, Montpellier were back playing in Ligue 2. The club spent one season under Nouzaret and two seasons under Jean-François Domergue before finding stability with Rolland Courbis in 2007. In Courbis' 2008–09 Ligue 2, boasted by several talented young players, such as Víctor Hugo Montaño, Alberto Costa (footballer), Joris Marveaux, and Johann Carrasso, he led the club back to Ligue 1 after finishing 2nd. After the season, Courbis left the club in order to began his prison sentence due to his involvement in the Olympique de Marseille corruption case and he was replaced by René Girard (footballer), With an abundance of young talent, Girard sought to bring in veterans to the club ahead of its return to Ligue 1. He successfully recruited Emir Spahic, Cyril Jeunechamp, and Romain Pitau. Girard also brought back Nenad Džodić, who he installed as captain. In the club's return, Montpellier surprised many football pundits, locally and internationally, by finishing in 5th place and qualifying for the UEFA Europa League. Montpellier even topped the table at one point during the season.
Montpellier supporters view Nîmes Olympique as their greatest enemies in a rivalry that began to become more important from the start of the 1980s when the Nîmois had regional supremacy. Louis Nicollin – who bought Montpellier in the 1970s – also showed himself to be happy to contribute to the rivalry by bring a number of ex-Nîmes players to the club, such as Michel Mézy. Mézy agreed to join Montpellier before the end of the 1978–79 season and was banned from playing for the remainder of the season by the Nîmes president after the signing of the deal. When Les Crocodiles
and Montpellier found each other together in Ligue 2, the rivalry became yet stronger, as regional power began to shift towards Montpellier. The zenith of the rivalry came in the 1995–96 Coupe de France semi-final. Unfancied Nîmes, now in Championnat National, came up against Ligue 1 Montpellier and beat them by a goal to nil.
As of August 4, 2011.
Out on loan
As of 26 January 2011.
Notable former players
Below are the notable former players who have represented Montpellier in Ligue 1 and international competition since the club's foundation in 1919. To appear in the section below, a player must have played in at least 100 official matches for the club.
For a complete list of Montpellier HSC players, see :Category:Montpellier HSC players
- Pascal Baills
- Laurent Blanc
- Bruno Carotti
- René Dedieu
- Philippe Delaye
- Fabrice Divert
- Joseph Kaucsar
- Thierry Laurey
- Jean-Claude Lemoult
- Toifilou Maoulida
- Gérald Passi
- Rudy Riou
- Laurent Robert
- Roger Rolhion
- Jean-Christophe Rouvière
- Christophe Sanchez
- Franck Silvestre
- Jean-Marc Valadier
- Jacky Vergnes
- Kader Ferhaoui
- Michel Der Zakarian
- Habib Bamogo
- Abdoulaye Cissé
- Roger Milla
- Víctor Hugo Montaño
- Carlos Valderrama (footballer)
- Fodé Mansaré
- Wilbert Suvrijn
- Nenad Džodić
Management and staff
Senior club staff
- President: Louis Nicollin
- Chairman: Laurent Nicollin
- Association Chairman: Gilbert Varlot
- Administrative Director: Philippe Peybernes
- Marketing Director: Benoît Le Quéré
- Communications Director: Pierre Bourdel
- Development Director: Fabrice Garcia
- Security Director: Pierre-Marie Grappin & Jacques Soares
- Sporting Director: Jean-François Domergue
Coaching and medicial staff
- Manager: René Girard (footballer)
- Assistant Manager: Pascal Baills
- Goalkeeping Coach: Dominique Deplagne
- Fitness Coach: Nicolas Girard
- Doctor: René Raimondi
- Kinesiotherapy: Olivier Megel
- Osteopathy: Eric Perraux
- Intendant: Eric Commerie
- Ligue 2
- - Champions (3): 1946, 1961, 1987
- Coupe de France
- - Champions (2): 1929 Coupe de France Final, 1990 Coupe de France Final
- - Runners-Up (2): 1931 Coupe de France Final, 1994 Coupe de France Final
- Coupe de la Ligue
- - Runners-Up (1): 2011 Coupe de la Ligue Final
- Division d'Honneur (Languedoc-Roussillon)
- - Champions (2): 1981, 1992
- Coupe Gambardella
- - Champions (2): 1996, 2009
- - Runners-Up (3): 1984, 1985, 1997
- UEFA Intertoto Cup
- - Winners (1): 1999 UEFA Intertoto Cup
- Division d'Honneur (Sud-Est)
- - Champions (3): 1928, 1932, 1976
- Coupe de la Ligue
- - Champions (1): 1992