is a football (soccer) club from France.
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Valenciennes Football Club (; commonly known as Valenciennes or USVA) is a Football in France club based in Valenciennes. The club was founded in 1913 and currently play in Ligue 1, the top level of Football in France. Valenciennes plays its home matches at the recently-built Stade du Hainaut located within the city. The team is managed by former football player Daniel Sanchez (French footballer) and Captain (association football) by Defender (football) David Ducourtioux.
Valenciennes was founded under the name Union Sportive de Valenciennes Anzin (USVA). The club spent over 80 years playing under the name before switching to its current name. Valenciennes has spent an equal amount of time playing in Ligue 1 and Ligue 2 having played 40 seasons in the first division and 36 seasons in the second division. The club has never won the first division, but has won Ligue 2 on two occasions. Valenciennes has also won the Championnat National and the Championnat de France amateur in 2005 and 1998, respectively. In 1951, the club made its first and only appearance in a Coupe de France final. Valenciennes kit sponsor is Nike, Inc..
From 2004–2011, Valenciennes was presided over by Francis Decourrière, a former politician who served as a Member of the European Parliament under the Social Democratic Party (France) from 1994–1999 and later the Union for French Democracy
from 1999–2004. In 2011, Decourrière left the position and was replaced by Jean-Raymond Legrand.
Valenciennes Football Club was founded in 1913 by a group of young men known by surnames Colson, Joly, and Bouly. Due to the club having limited resources and its formation coinciding with the onset of World War I, Valenciennes sought a consolidation between locals clubs in the city. The merger was completed in 1916 with the club changing its name to Union Sportive de Valenciennes Anzin (USVA) in the process. Following the merger, the new club spent the ensuing 15 years playing the District de l’Escaut
Championship. In July 1930, the National Council of the French Football Federation voted 128–20 in support of professionalism in French football. Valenciennes, under the leadership of president M. Le Mithouard, achieved professionalism in 1933 and were inserted into the Ligue 2. The club, subsequently, became founding members of the second division of French football.
In the second division's 1933–34 French Division 2, Valenciennes finished in 7th place in its group. In the 1934–35 French Division 2, the league table was converted into a single table and Valenciennes finished in 2nd place position earning promotion to Ligue 1 as a result. During this period, the club was notably led by foreign players such as England Peter O'Dowd and George Gibson and the German-born attackers Édouard Waggi and Ignace Kowalczyk. In the club's 1935–36 French Division 1, Valenciennes finished 15th place falling back to Division 2. The club finished equal on points with FC Red Star Saint-Ouen, but due to having less wins and a lesser goal difference, Valenciennes were relegated. After suffering relegation, the club brought in a new president known by the surname of Turbot. Soon after arriving, Turbot released several of the club's international players and brought in the likes of Ernest Libérati to replace them. The transition was a success with the club earning promotion back to Division 1 in 1937. However, Valenciennes stint back in Division 1 was the equivalent of its first. The club finished in last place in the 1937–38 French Division 1 and relegated back to Division 2. Due to World War II, Valenciennes reverted back to amateur status and spent three of the six seasons in wartime playing amateur league football.
After the war, Valenciennes turned professional again and were back in the second division. The club spent a decade in Division 2 before earning promotion the top-flight ahead of the 1956–57 French Division 1. Under manager Charles Demeillez, in 1951, Valenciennes reached the final of the Coupe de France. In the final, the club faced RC Strasbourg and were humbled 3–0 at the Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir in the Colombes. In the club's return to Division 1, Valenciennes finished in the latter part of the table for three consecutive seasons. In 1959, Valenciennes reached the final of the Coupe Drago, but were defeated 3–2 in extra time by RC Lens at the Parc des Princes. In the 1959–60 season, Valenciennes achieved its best finish in Division 1 after finishing 8th in the table. However, manager Robert Domergue was unable to keep the consistency as Valenciennes finished 19th in the following season. Valenciennes, now being led by youngsters Bolec Kocik and Serge Masnaghetti, achieved promotion back to Division 1 after one season and spent the next nine years playing in Division 1. During the stint, Domergue led to club to its highest finish ever in the first division when the club finished 3rd in back-to-back seasons in 1965 and 1966. After the 1966 season, Domergue departed the club and he was replaced by Gaby Robert. Neither Robert or his successor Louis Provelli could match the consistency of Domergue and he returned to the club in 1970. In the club's first season back, Domergue led the club to relegation in 1971, got the club promoted back to the first division in 1972, and coached the club to relegation again in 1973. He departed after the season and was replaced by Jean-Pierre Destrumelle.
After spending the early 1970s hovering between top flight and the second division, Destrumelle led the club back to Division 1 for the 1975–76 French Division 1. The manager had vast majority of talent in the club, most notably Bruno Metsu, Bruno Zaremba, Dominique Dropsy, and Didier Six and kept the club in the first division for his entire campaign, however, after finishing in 18th place in 1979, Dustremelle was fired and replaced by the combination of Erwin Wilczek and Bolek Tomowski. Under the duo, Valenciennes lasted in Division 1 until the 1983 season. The club, subsequently, spent the next decade playing in Division 2 under five different managers, which led supporters to slowly become disassociated with the club.
From 1988–1991, Valenciennes improved significantly under manager Georges Peyroche. Peyroche left the club in 1991 and Francis Smerecki was named as his replacement. In Smerecki's first season, he led the club back to Division 1. In the club's 1992–93 French Division 1, Valenciennes were involved in a bribing scandal that effectively dismantled the club for the next decade. The scandal, which involved Marseille midfielder Jean-Jacques Eydelie and the club's general manager under the advisement of club chairman Bernard Tapie bribing Valenciennes players Christophe Robert, Jacques Glassmann, and Jorge Burruchaga, became headline news mainly due to Marseille being the most popular club in the country. It was asserted that the bribe was made in order for Valenciennes players to "take it easy" on Marseille players with the latter club having to play in the 1993 UEFA Champions League Final against Italy club A.C. Milan just days later. Marseille beat Valenciennes 1–0 and went on to defeat Milan to become the first French club to win the European competition. After the plot was discovered, Robert admitted to accepting the bribe, Burruchaga admitted to initially agreeing to it, but later changing his mind, while Glassmann said he never agreed to the deal. The subsequent reports of the scandal completely tarnished the Valenciennes's image and several players departed the club amid embarrassment and speculation that they were also involved in the plot. With the club now playing in Ligue 2, Valenciennes was unable to cope with the damage instilled on it due to the scandal and finished dead last in the league, thus falling to the third division for the first time in the club's lifetime. Two seasons later, the club was relegated to the fourth division due to financial problems. Ahead of the 1996–97 season, the club dropped to amateur status after filing for bankruptcy.
On 1 April 1996, the club was renamed Valenciennes Football Club and finished in fifth place in its inaugural campaign under the name. In the following season, the fourth division was renamed to the Championnat de France amateur and Valenciennes became inaugural champions of the league. Over the next seven seasons, Valenciennes played in the Championnat National, excluding one season back in the CFA. In the 2004–05 season, the club won National and returned to the second division, now called Ligue 2. Surprisingly, after one season, Valenciennes earned promotion back to the first division, now called Ligue 1, under the leadership of Antoine Kombouaré.
As of 17 August 2011
As of 12 January 2011
Below are the notable former players who have represented Valenciennes in Ligue 1 and international competition since the club's foundation in 1913. To appear in the section below, a player must have played in at least 100 official matches for the club.
For a complete list of Valenciennes players, see :Category:Valenciennes FC players.
- Johan Audel
- Joseph Bonnel
- Jean-Claude Bras
- Bernard Chiarelli
- Dominique Corroyer
- Léon Desmenez
- Laurent Dufresne
- Jacky Duguépéroux
- Jérôme Foulon
- Jacques Glassmann
- Wilfried Gohel
- Jean-Pierre Guinot
- Bolec Kocik
- Hocine Lachaab
- Thierry Laurey
- Joseph Magiera
- Serge Masnaghetti
- Rudy Mater
- Bruno Metsu
- Nicolas Penneteau
- Jean-Claude Piumi
- Louis Provelli
- Grégory Pujol
- Steve Savidan
- Didier Six
- Bruno Zaremba
- José Saez
- Nourredine Kourichi
- Wolfgang Matzky
- Éric Chelle
- Milan Biševac
- David Régis
Management and staff
Valenciennes Football Club (SASP)
- President: Francis Decourrière
- Vice-President: Jean-Raymond Legrand
- Association President: Jean-Claude Brienne
- Honorary President: Jean-Louis Borloo
Senior club staff
- General Director: Alain Dhee
- Assistant General Director: Philippe Pelluault
- Security Director: Renaud Verplanck
- Communications Director: Christophe Hugot
Coaching and medical staff
- Youth Academy Director: Gabriel Desmenez
- Reserve team coach: Jérôme Foulon
- Under-19s Coach: Franck Triqueneaux
- Under-17s Coach: Laurent Dufresne & David Jacqmin
- Fitness Coach: Romain Carpentier
- Goalkeeper Coach: Karim Boukrouh
- Doctor: Frédéric Dehaut & Patrick Greselle
- Kinesiotherapy: Benjamin Gobert
- Ligue 2
- - Champions (2): 1971–72 French Division 2, 2005–06 Ligue 2
- Championnat National
- - Champions (1): 2005
- Championnat de France amateur
- - Champions (1): 1998
- Coupe de France
- - Runners-Up (1): 1951 Coupe de France Final
- Coupe Charles Drago
- - Runners-Up (1): 1959