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Cruzeiro

Cruzeiro is a football (soccer) club from Brazil.

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About Cruzeiro

Cruzeiro Esporte Clube is a List of football clubs in Brazil, from Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, and are one of the only five clubs to have never been relegated, along with Santos FC, São Paulo FC, Clube de Regatas do Flamengo and Sport Club Internacional. Founded on January 2, 1921, they are only one of three clubs to have participated in every edition of the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A. Cruzeiro has been Brazilian champions twice, domestic cup champions four times (a record shared with Grêmio), and Mineiro champions 35 times. It is the only Brazilian team to have won the domestic Triple Crown of Brazilian Football or treble, for winning the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, the Copa do Brasil, and the Campeonato Mineiro in the same year, accomplishing this feat in 2003. Internationally they are the second most successful team in Brazil with seven international championships, including two Copa Libertadores.
Cruzeiro is the 6th largest crowd in Brazil with a number around 8 million fans, mainly in the state of Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo and Federal District.

Cruzeiro is a member of Clube dos 13, a group of the leading Brazilian clubs and is among FIFA's Classic Club. They play their home games at the Mineirão. and a men's volleyball department

Cruzeiro is one of only eight teams to have won CONMEBOL's treble (the others being Club Olimpia, São Paulo FC, Club Atlético Independiente, Club Atlético Vélez Sársfield, Boca Juniors, Sport Club Internacional and Liga Deportiva Universitaria de Quito).

History

Cruzeiro's history is traced back to the Italian community living in Belo Horizonte, a city where already some Italian immigrants lived and their desire to set up a football club. Similar to the Italians of São Paulo (who founded Palestra Itália, now known as Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras) the people of Belo Horizonte wanted the Italian colonies in Minas Gerais to have its own club as well.

The idea of the club being created took a big step when Yale Atlético Clube, a sports team from the city went through an administrative crises. When some players left Yale over a dispute (Yale, which itself had connections to the Italian community), some went on to found the all Italian, Sociedade Esportiva Palestra Itália of Belo Horizonte.
On January 2, 1921, about 72 Italians had appeared for the foundation of the Sociedade Esportiva Palestra Itália, (Italian: Societá Sportiva Palestra Itália). The adopted colors were the same as of the Italian flag: green, red, and white. The first uniform of the club was a green jersey, white shorts and red stockings. On the club's shield, in the form of a rhombus, were the initials SSPI. Until 1925 the club would only allow Italians men to participate. However the first official match of Palestra was in a 3–0 win over future archrivals Clube Atlético Mineiro.

On January 1942, Brazil entered World War II and a decree of the federal government forbade the use of terms from enemy nations in entities, institutions, establishments, etc. With this, the Italian name was removed and the club could no longer call themselves Palestra Italia. The name was changed to Sociedade Esportiva Palestra Mineiro. The new name did not last long and was changed to Ypiranga by club president Ennes Cyro Poni. But because Ennes Cyro Poni did not consult any of the clubs directors before changing the club's name and because the club lost on their debut, the name only lasted one game. In a meeting between the club's directors, the name Cruzeiro Esporte Clube was approved. Cruzeiro is the constellation of the Southern Cross, and can only be seen from the southern hemisphere, therefore not related to Italy. The club's colors changed to a blue shirt and blue stockings, and white shorts.

With the inauguration of the Mineirão in 1965, Cruzeiro entered one of the most successful periods in its history, in which the club won five Campeonato Mineiro titles in a row, and went on to win its first national title, the 1968 Taça Brasil (the highest honor in Brazilian football at that time) beating Santos Futebol Clube of Pelé in the final. Cruzeiro won the first leg 6–2 at the Mineirão, and the second leg 3–2 in São Paulo. The 1980s was the only decade Cruzeiro did not participate once in the Copa Libertadores since the tournament's creation in 1960.

In the 1990s a new era began, and a 15 year sequence of at least one title per year was initiated. This included six of the club's seven international championships and a Campeonato Brasileiro Série A (2003). In December of 2010 the CBF (the governing body of Brazilian football) also recognized Cruzeiro as Brazilian champion of 1966, for having beaten Santos of Pelé: 6-2 in Belo Horizonte and 2-3 in São Paulo. The club's biggest exploit in the 21st century happened when it won the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A. With 100 points earned during the season, and just over 100 goals scored in 46 matches, it was one of the most successful campaigns ever by a club in a Brazilian championship. In 2003, besides winning the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, Cruzeiro also won the Copa do Brasil and the Campeonato Mineiro, to become the first Brazilian team to win the triple crown.

Since 2003 Cruzeiro have only won one major tournament (four times): the Campeonato Mineiro (2004, 2006, 2008, 2009). However the club finished in the top five of the Campeonato Brasileiro in 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2010, guaranteeing a spot in the Copa Libertadores for four consecutive years (2008, 2009, 2010 and 2011). In 2010, after a great campaign in the Campeonato Brasileiro Serie A, Cruzeiro took the second place and qualified for the Copa Libertadores da America for 2011. Cruzeiro's biggest success in recent years was reaching the 2009 Copa Libertadores Finals, however, they lost to Estudiantes de La Plata 2–1.

Symbols

Colours



Notable players


Former coaches

- Emerson Ávilla
- Joel Santana
- Adílson Batista
- Airton Moreira
- Ítalo Fratezzi
- Carlos Alberto Silva
- Ênio Andrade
- Hilton Chaves
- Jair Pereira
- Levir Culpi
- Luiz Felipe Scolari
- Marco Aurélio Moreira
- Matturio Fabbi
- Leonízio Fantoni
- Orlando Fantoni
- Paulo Autuori
- João Carlos Batista Pinheiro
- Procópio Cardoso
- Vanderlei Luxemburgo
- Dorival Knippel
- Zezé Moreira

Records and statistics

The player with the most appearances for Cruzeiro is Zé Carlos with 619 appearances between 1965 and 1977. The goalkeeper with the most appearances for Cruzeiro is Raul Plassman, who played a total of 557 games for Cruzeiro. Current goalkeeper Fabio is third on the list, with 366 games, as well as being the current player with the most appearances. Ninão holds the record for goals scored in a single match: 10 in Cruzeiro's 14 x 0 win over Alves Nogueira during Campeonato da Cidade on June 17, 1928. 2003, 2004, 2006, 2008, Campeonato Mineiro 2009, 2011 Campeonato Mineiro
- Campeonato Mineiro (2): 1991 e 1999
- Campeonato Mineiro (1): 2002
- Campeonato Mineiro (5): 1973, 1982, 1983, 1984 e 1985
- Campeonato Mineiro (10): 1926, 1927, 1929, 1938, 1940, 1941, 1943, 1944, 1948 e 1966
- Copa Sul-Minas (2) : 2001, 2002
- Copa Centro-Oeste (1): 1999

National

- Campeonato Brasileiro Série A (2): 1966, 2003
- Copa do Brasil (4):1993, 1996, 2000, 2003

International

- Copa Libertadores de América (2): 1976 Copa Libertadores, 1997 Copa Libertadores
- Recopa Sudamericana (1): 1998 Recopa Sudamericana
- Supercopa Sudamericana (2): 1991 Supercopa Sudamericana, 1992 Supercopa Sudamericana
- Supercopa Masters (1): 1995 Supercopa Masters
- Copa de Oro (1): 1995 Copa de Oro



Featured Campaigns and Doubles / Trebles

- Featured Campaigns

- Campeonato Brasileiro Série A:
- Copa do Brasil
- Copa Libertadores de América:
- Supercopa Sudamericana:
- Supercopa Masters:
- Campeonato Mineiro:

- Doubles / Trebles
Double (association footbal)

- Domestic Double

- Continental Double

Treble (association football)

- Domestic Treble

¹ Only in Brazil to have this done

Grounds and facilities


Cruzeiro's first stadium was the Estádio do Prado Mineiro, which belonged to the Federação Mineira de Futebol (FMF). The clubs first game at the stadium was 2–0 win over a Villa Nova/Palmeiras combine team from Nova Lima on 3 April 1921. Cruzeiro would use the stadium until 1923 when the club built its own stadium, Estádio do Barro Preto. On July 23, 1923 Cruzeiro debuted at the stadium in a 2–2 tie with Flamengo.

Since 1965 Cruzeiro play their home games at Estádio Governador Magalhães Pinto, often referred to as just Mineirão in Belo Horizonte, MG. The stadium does not belong to Cruzeiro, rather it belongs to the state of Minas Gerais (through a land grant from the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais) and is administrated by the "Stadiums Administration of the state of Minas Gerais" (Administração de Estádios do Estado de Minas Gerais (ADEMG)). The stadium, which was built in 1963, had an original capacity of about 130,000, Cruzeiro also holds the attendance record at the stadium, when 132,834 spectators watched Cruzeiro beat Villa Nova Atlético Clube in the 1997 Campeonato Mineiro final.

Cruzeiro have had plans to build a new stadium, especially under president Alvimar de Oliveira Costa's tenure. However the state of Minas asked Cruzeiro to stay at the stadium, and after president Zezé Perrella came to the presidency in 2009, plans for a new stadium virtually disappeared.

The Mineirão was selected as a host stadium for the 2014 FIFA World Cup, with renovations beginning on June 25, 2010 and is projected to be completed by December 2012. After the stadiums closing, Cruzeiro began playing home games at the Arena do Jacaré and Ipatingão stadiums, both outside the city of Belo Horizonte. Estádio Independência is also being renovated and Cruzeiro will start playing homes games there in 2011 until the Mineirão is ready in 2012.

The club has private ownership of List of Cruzeiro Esporte Clube facilities though, including two training facilities (Toca da Raposa I, which serves the youth division and Toca da Raposa II for the senior squad), an administrative headquarters and two social club facilities. Cruzeiro has often been praised for having one of the leading infrastructure systems in Brazil. This means that unlike some European clubs and Professional sports league organization, the club cannot be sold (Article 1, Section sign 4). Cruzeiro also acts as a social club, which sócios get access to. Currently there are six thousand paying sócios (twenty thousand including family members). Sócios are not to be confused with sócios do futebol ("football members") who pay an annual fee for privileges such as season tickets, but are not allowed to vote for club officials. Those who have been sócios for over a year, form the "general assembly" (Assembleia Geral) and may vote for club officials (Article 5).

Cruzeiro was the fifth richest Brazilian club in 2009 in terms of revenue with about R$121.3 million. This is a 29% increase from a 2008 revenue of R$94.1 million and a 56% increase from a 2007 revenue of R$77.6 million. Much of Cruzeiro's revenue comes through the selling of players, between 2004 and 2008 the club sold R$181 million (€68.6 million) worth of player, ranking third in Brazil (although player sales for other teams were considered between 2003 and 2008). Cruzeiro also relies on sponsorship and currently has three shirt sponsors: Banco BMG (front and upper back), Máquina de Vendas (sleeves) and Questão de Estilo Jeans (lower back) and although the club does not release any official figures on sponsorhip, the deals are speculated to be worth a total of about R$15 million annually. Kit supplier Reebok reported pays R$8 million annually. From ticket sales the club will make around R$27 million in 2010. In 2009 ticket sales generated R$18 million

Cruzeiro is one of the most financially stable Brazilian football clubs. As of 2009 Cruzeiro debts total R$97.7 million (€43.8). This puts the club 13th among the most in-debt club in Brazil. Among Brazil's most prominent clubs only São Paulo has less debt. The club's current debt is also a decrease from a 2008 debt of R$131.6 million (€50.8). In 2009 the club was ranked as the seventh most valuable club in Brazil, being worth R$ 139 million (€55 million). In 2008, the annual salary for the clubs players totaled €6.2 million, significantly less than its European counterparts.

Supporters

Cruzeiro is the best supported club in the state of Minas Gerais, with about 30% of the state's population being a supporter of the club. Most surveys have put the club's fan base between 3%-4% of the overall Brazilian population (other surveys have put the fan base between 2.9%-5.3%). Considering a population of 190 million people, that would mean approximately 5.7-7.6 million (and 5.5-10 million) supporters.

Cruzeiro's fan base in the state of Minas Gerais has changed throughout the years. In the 1930s the club trailed rival Atlético, who had 46.2%, while Cruzeiro had 35.9% of the popular support. A 2010 survey showed Cruzeiro's fan base had an average monthly family income of R$1,342.45. For comparison this is slightly lower than Atlético Mineiro (R$1,353.28). The highest was Internacional (R$ 1.657.69), and the lowest was Flamengo (R$ 1.149,09).

On July 14, 2008 law number 9,590/2008 sanctioned "Cruzeiro and Cruzeirense Day" in Belo Horizonte which will be celebrated every 2 January.

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