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Flamengo is a football (soccer) club from Brazil.

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About Flamengo

Clube de Regatas do Flamengo (from Dutch language vlamingen: Flemish people, ), also known as Flamengo and familiarly as Mengão, is a Brazilian sports club based in the Flamengo bairro, Zona Sul, Rio de Janeiro, best known for its professional association football team. They play in the Campeonato Carioca, Rio de Janeiro (state) state league, and the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A or Brasileirão, Brazil's national league, and are one of the only five clubs to have never been relegated, along with Santos FC, São Paulo FC, Sport Club Internacional and Cruzeiro Esporte Clube. Flamengo was a founding member of the Clube dos 13 (English: Club of the 13) group of Brazil's leading football clubs. They are the current Carioca champions.

The club was established in 1885, although it played its first official game in 1912. Flamengo have won the List of Brazilian football champions on six occasions, most recently in the 2009 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, the Copa do Brasil twice and the Campeonato Carioca a record 32 times. Due to its low capacity, Flamengo's home stadium, Estádio José Bastos Padilha, is rarely used and the club ops for the government owned Maracanã (stadium), the biggest football stadium in Brazil, with a capacity of 82,238. Since the Maracanã is now going through a renovation to host the 2014 FIFA World Cup and 2016 Summer Olympics, the Estádio Olímpico João Havelange is currently being used to host Flamengo matches.

Its traditional playing colours are scarlet and black hooped shirts with white shorts and red socks. In 1981 in Brazilian football, Flamengo became the first Carioca team to win the Copa Libertadores, the most prestigious laurel in South American football.: the team, subsequently known as the Geração de Ouro, 1981 Copa Libertadores Cobreloa 2-0 in the Estadio Centenario in Montevideo to reach the pinnacle of their careers. That same year, Flamengo won the 1981 Campeonato Carioca, completing the club's first ever Double (association football). The club has also won the Copa dos Campeões, Intercontinental Cup (football), Copa de Oro and Copa Mercosur once each. Flamengo also reached the final of the Supercopa Sudamericana in 1993 Supercopa Sudamericana and 1995 Supercopa Sudamericana, but were beaten by São Paulo and Club Atlético Independiente, respectively.

Flamengo is the most popular team in Brazil, with over 36 million followers as of 2010, and was voted by FIFA as FIFA Clubs of the 20th Century. It is also one of Brazil's richest football clubs in terms of revenue, with an annual revenue of US Dollar (Euro), and the most valuable club in South America, worth over US Dollar (Euro) in 2011. The club has long-standing rivalries with near neighbours Fluminense Football Club, Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas and Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama.


Foundation and first years (1885-1912)

Flamengo was founded on November 17, 1895 (although the club celebrates its founding every year on November 15, which is also a Brazilian national holiday) as a Sport rowing club by José Agostinho Pereira da Cunha, Mário Spindola, Nestor de Barros, Augusto Lopes, José Félix da Cunha Meneses and Felisberto Laport.

The group used to gather at Café Lamas, in the Flamengo neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro, and decided to form a rowing team. Sport rowing was the elite sport in Rio de Janeiro in the late 19th century and the youngsters hoped having their own club would make them popular with the young ladies of the city's high society.

They could only afford a used boat named "Pherusa", which had to be completely rebuilt before it could be used in competition. The team debuted on October 6, 1895 when they sailed off the Caju Point, from the Maria Angu beach, heading off to Flamengo beach. However, strong winds turned over the boat and the rowers nearly drowned. They were rescued by a fishing boat named Leal ("Loyal"). Afterwards, as the Pherusa was undergoing repairs, the boat was stolen and never again found. The group then had to save up money to buy a new boat, the "Etoile", renamed "Scyra".

On the night of November 17, the group, gathered at Nestor de Barros's manor on Flamengo beach, founded the Flamengo Rowing Group ("Grupo de Regatas do Flamengo", in Portuguese) and elected its first board and president (Domingos Marques de Azevedo). The name was changed a few weeks later to "Clube de Regatas do Flamengo" ("Flamengo Rowing Club"). The founders also decided that the anniversary of the club foundation should be celebrated on November 15, so as to coincide with the Day of the Republic, a national holiday.

Flamengo only embraced football when a group of dissatisfied players from Fluminense Football Club broke away from the club following a dispute with the board. The players (Alberto Borghert, Othon de Figueiredo Baena, Píndaro, Emmanuel Augusto Nery, Ernesto Amarante, Armando de Almeida, Orlando Sampaio Matos, Gustavo Adolpho de Carvalho, Lawrence Andrews and Arnaldo Machado Guimarães) decided to join Flamengo because Borgeth, who was the team's captain, was also a rower for Flamengo. Admittance of the new members was approved on November 8, 1911. A motion against the club taking part in football tournaments was defeated, and the members assembly officially created the football team on December 24, 1911.

The new team used to train on Russel beach, and gradually gained the support of the locals, who closely watched their practice games. The first official match was played on May 3, 1912 and is, to this day, the most spectacular victory of the club, as the team defeated Sport Club Mangueira 16 to 2. The first Fla-Flu (which would eventually become one of the most famous football derbies in the world) was also played in that year, on July 7, and was won by Fluminense Football Club, by 3–2.

Golden age (1978–1983)

In 1978 a scarlet-black Golden Age began when Flamengo won the Campeonato Carioca. The five following years would be years of glory. Stars such as Leovegildo Lins da Gama Júnior, Paulo César Carpegiani, Adílio de Oliveira Gonçalves, Cláudio Adão and Milton Queiroz da Paixão were led by Zico to become State Champions three times in a row. The level of sustained excellence pushed Flamengo towards its first Campeonato Brasileiro Série A in 1980. Then, as national champions, the club qualified to play the South American continental tournament – the Copa Libertadores de América.

1981 is a benchmark year in Flamengo's history. After beating Chilean Cobreloa in three matches, the club became Copa Libertadores 1981. The next goal was clear: the Intercontinental Cup (football), a single match to be played in Tokyo's Olympic Stadium, Tokyo, Japan, against UEFA Champions League winner Liverpool F.C..

On December 13, 1981, Raul Plassman, José Leandro Ferreira, Marinho, Carlos Mozer, Júnior, Jorge Luís Andrade da Silva, Adílio, Zico, Tita, Nunes (footballer) and Lico took the field for the most important match in club history. Two goals by Nunes and another one by Adílio (all during first half) along with a brilliant performance by Zico were more than enough to crown Flamengo the first Brazilian World Champions club since Pelé's Santos Futebol Clube, shutting out Liverpool F.C. 3–0.

The next two years would also be great. Another Rio's State Championship in 1981 and two Brazilian Championships – 1982 and 1983 – closed the Golden Age in a fantastic way.

2007 season

On March 9, 2007, Flamengo earned a commemorative date in Rio de Janeiro state's official calendar. On that day, State Governor Sérgio Cabral Filho signed Law 4998, declaring November 17 (the day the club was founded) "Flamengo Day".

In the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 2007, Flamengo surprised all the other teams at the half of the season winning many games at home, leaving the relegation zone and reaching the second place and then being defeated the last match in Recife, Pernambuco by Clube Náutico Capibaribe 1–0. After this match, Flamengo finished the League in third place, climbing from second worst to third best.

2008 season

Flamengo started the year by winning the Campeonato Carioca over arch rival Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas. However a couple of days later, in the late rounds of Copa Libertadores 2008, the team was eliminated at home by Club América from Mexico. In this very day, Joel Santana, a well appreciated coach by Flamengo fans, coached his last match before taking South Africa National Football Team. Experts say that the team was eliminated because the finals against Botafogo took a heavy toll on the players stamina and endurance for the matchup against América. The 0–3 score was the biggest headline in the soccer world in the following day as Flamengo had won easily 4–2 in Azteca Stadium. The elimination at Estádio do Maracanã was labeled by the world press as a second "Uruguay v Brazil (1950 FIFA World Cup)".

2009 season

After finishing the 1st phase of the Brazilian League in 10th place, Flamengo won the Brazilian Campeonato Brasileiro Série A with a terrific campaign in the 2nd phase, the championship was decided in the very last game with a 2–1 win against Grêmio Foot-Ball Porto Alegrense at Estádio do Maracanã, with this victory the Flamengo became six times Brazilian League Champion.

2011 season

After signing their new big star, Ronaldinho, Flamengo were looking for a strong start to their season. The fans were not to be disappointed when Flamengo ran out 4–0 winners of Avaí Futebol Clube, with Ronaldinho putting in a man of the match performance contributing a goal and an assist.
Flamengo played against Santos FC in the twelfth round and won 5-4 with a hat-trick from Ronaldinho after they were down 3-0 at the end of the first half.

Kit manufacturer and shirt sponsors

List of Flamengo's sponsors and kit manufacturers.


As of January 2012, according to combined sources on the official website.


Youth players able to play in the first team

Out on loan

For recent transfers, see List of Flamengo transfers Flamengo squad changes in 2008, List of Flamengo transfers 2009, List of Flamengo transfers 2010, List of Flamengo transfers 2011 and List of Flamengo transfers 2012.

For recent transfers, see List of Brazilian football transfers 2008.



- Campeonato Brasileiro Série A:

- Copa do Brasil

- Copa dos Campeões

- Taça Brasil

- Campeonato Carioca

- Torneio Rio-São Paulo

South American

- Copa Libertadores

- Supercopa Sudamericana

- Copa Mercosur

- Copa de Oro


- Intercontinental Cup (football)

( 1) (main article: Copa União) In 1987, Brazilian football running body, the CBF, was undergoing severe financial difficulties and therefore announced it would not be able to organize a national championship. In response to that, the 13 most popular football clubs in Brazil decided to organize their own league, the Copa União, with no CBF interference (a move not unlike the creation of club-run football leagues all over Europe). The Clube dos 13 was created to run the league, which was played by 16 teams (three other clubs were invited). In a first moment the CBF agreed to grant the title of national champions to the winners of the Copa União, but changed course later, due to resistance from smaller clubs and to the prospect of forever losing control of the national championship. The CBF then organized its own championship with teams that had been excluded from the Copa União and announced it would grant the title of national champions to the eventual winners of a run-off between the two best teams of the Copa União (which it dubbed the "Green Module") and the two best teams of its own championship (which it called the "Yellow Module"). All of the members of the Clube dos 13 rejected the move and announced none of them would play this run-off. Flamengo eventually beat Internacional in the Copa União final match and were considered the national champions by the Clube dos 13, most of the national media and the public opinion. The CBF insisted on having the run-off, but neither Flamengo nor Internacional showed up. Sport Club Recife eventually beat Guarani Futebol Clube and was considered the national champions by the CBF, who appointed both clubs to represent Brazil in next year's Copa Libertadores de América. Flamengo were considered the national champions by the National Council of Sports, the entity legally in charge of settling the dispute in 1988, before the 1988 Constitution. Years later Sport were considered the national champions by a Federal judge. The controversy remains to this day, with most of the public opinion and the media considering Flamengo to have won the national title on six occasions.

( 2) In 1975, the Rio de Janeiro (state) was merged with the State of Guanabara, the former Brazilian Federal District when the Rio de Janeiro was the nation's capital. However, it was only in 1979 that the two state football tournaments were finally unified. As a transition, the state's football governing body decided that all the teams would have to play in two tournaments, with slightly different formats. Both tournaments were won by Flamengo.

Retired numbers

12 – 12th man (football) – Number dedicated to the rubro-negro fans.


For details, see Clube de Regatas do Flamengo records and statistics.


Current technical staff

Last updated: 14 July 2011



(- ) Information not available.
- 1 In 2004 Flamengo played its home games at Estádio Raulino de Oliveira.
- 2 In 2005 Flamengo played its home games at Estádio Luso-Brasileiro.
- 3 In 2010 Flamengo played its home games at Estádio do Maracanã, Estádio Raulino de Oliveira and Estádio Olímpico João Havelange.
- 4 Includes Campeonato Brasileiro Série A average attendances only.

Average attendances at Brazilian League

Regularly thousands of supporters show the strength of the scarlet-black nation, having the biggest number of highest average attendances per season between all the Brazilian clubs. Out of 38 editions of the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, Flamengo held the average attendance record on 12 occasions. Clube Atlético Mineiro are the closest followers, having the biggest average attendances nine times.
From 1971 to 2006, Flamengo took an average 25.989 supporters per match to the Maracanã. It has to be noted that 2007 and 2008, both years in which Flamengo had an average of over 40.000 supporters per match (and thus both would raise the historical average number), were not counted yet.

Olympic sports

Besides Rowing and Football, Clube de Regatas do Flamengo also plays an active role in several Olympic sports, such as:
- Artistic gymnastics
- Athletics
- Basketball (See Flamengo Basketball)
- Judo
- Swimming
- Volleyball
- Water polo


- - International
- - - Taça Sul-América (South-America Thophy) 1905
- - National
- - - Troféu Brasil (Brazil's National Championship) (10): 1978, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1989, 1991, 1995–97
- - Regional
- - - State Championship (42): 1916, 1917, 1920, 1933, 1940–43, 1963, 1965–69, 1971–81, 1983–97, 2003–04
- - - Carioca League: 1935–37

- - National
- - - Brazilian Championship (12): 1968, 1980–87, 1989, 1991, 2002
- - - José Finkel Trophy (12): 1977, 1980–87, 1990, 2001, 2002
- - Regional
- - - State Championship (31): 1928, 1930, 1938–40, 1968, 1973, 1976, 1979–98, 2002–04

- - National
- - - Brazilian Championship: 2003
- - - Troféu dos Campeões Brasileiros (Brazilian Champion's Trophy) 1952
- - Regional
- - - Copa Sudeste (Southeast Cup) 1993
- - - Inter-Regional Championship 1995
- - - State Championship (17): 1949, 1951, 1953, 1955, 1959–61, 1977, 1987–89, 1991–96, 2005
- - - State Championship (B Series): 1940, 1953
- - - Segundos Quadros do RJ (B Series) 1953, 1956, 1959–61
- - Local
- - - Municipal Championship: 1992, 1993, 1996

- - International
- - - South American Championship: 1981
- - National
- - - National Championship (8): 1948–52, 1978, 1980, 2001
- - - Rio de Janeiro Tournament 1950
- - Regional
- - - State Championship (11): 1938, 1951, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1984, 1999, 2000
- - - Torneio Início (Inicio Tournament) 1961
- - - State Championship – B Series 1953
- - - Segundos Quadros do RJ (B Series) 1952, 1956–57, 1960
- - Local
- - - Municipal Championship: 1996

Noted athletes

- Artistic Gymnastics
- - Daniele Hypólito
- - Diego Hypólito (World Champion : 2005, 2007)
- - Jade Barbosa
- - Luiza Parente
- - Luzia Lopes Pessoa
- - Marco Monteiro
- - Victor Rosa

- Athletics
- - Erica Lopes "Gazela Negra" (The Black Gazelle)
- - José da Conceição – (High Jump Olympics medalist , Bronze , 1952 Summer Olympics)
- - Ulisses Malagutti

- Basketball
- - Oscar Schmidt
- - Leandro Barbosa
- - Eduardo Machado (basketball)
- - Marcelinho Machado
- - Rafael Araújo (basketball)
- - Federico Kammerichs

- Swimming
- - Armando Coelho de Freitas
- - César Cielo Filho
- - Eliana Motta
- - Eliete Motta
- - Fernando Carsalade
- - Fernando Scherer (Olympics medalist, Bronze; 50m freestyle- 1996 Summer Olympics; 4x100 meters relay -Summer Olympics)
- - Inge de Bruijn
- - Maria Lenk
- - Patrícia Amorim
- - Ricardo Prado – (400m Medley – World Champion, 1982 World Aquatics Championships ;Olympics medalist, Silver, 1984 Summer Olympics)
- - Rômulo Arantes
- - Rômulo Arantes Filho
- Volleyball (Men)
- - Bernard Rajzman
- - Bernardo Rocha de Rezende
- - Carlão
- - Marcus Vinicius
- - Talmo Oliveira
- - Tande
- Volleyball (Women)
- - Ida
- - Isabel
- - Jackie Silva
- - Leila Barros
- - Tara Cross-Battle
- - Valesquinha
- - Virna Dias
(like Europeans Ultras). Flamengo, like any other Brazilian team has groups of organized supporters, most notably Torcida Jovem-Fla, Charanga Rubro-Negra,
, Flamanguaça and Raça Rubro-Negra.

Flamengo is known for being the most popular team in Brazil. Surveys show that there are over 35 million people supporting Flamengo all around Brazil. Because of that Flamengo supporters are known as "Nação Rubro Negra", meaning Red & Dark Nation, since there are more supporters than the population of many countries. Flamengo supporters are also known for their fanaticism about the club and they hold several records in the Brazilian league like having the best average attendance (12 times, the second one is Atlético Mineiro with 9), or the match with the greatest numbers of attendants between two football clubs. Flamengo played against Santos in the Maracanã stadium watched by 155,523 supporters in the Brazilian League final of 1984, however some say that the official numbers are wrong and that there were more than 160,000 people in Maracanã.
Flamengo's match with the greatest number of attendants was Flamengo x Fluminense in Carioca Championship of 1963, with 194603 spectators. There are 13 times in which Flamengo has took more than 150,000 people in the stadium in official matches.
Flamengo supporters were listed as heritage of the people by the Mayor Office of the city of Rio de Janeiro in 2007.

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