is a football (soccer) club from Brazil.
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Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras is a List of football clubs in Brazil from São Paulo. The club was founded on August 26, 1914, as Palestra Italia but changed to the current name on September 14, 1942. It is one of the most popular and successful Brazilian clubs, with almost 17 million supporters, including a large number of Italian Brazilian.
Palmeiras is one of the List of Brazilian football champions Titles by club in Football in Brazil. The team has won 10 national competitions, a record in the country. The club's most important titles have been the 8 national league titles (4 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, 2 Torneio Roberto Gomes Pedrosa and 2 Taça Brasil) and 2 national cups (1 Copa do Brasil and 1 Copa dos Campeões).
Their international titles include one Copa Libertadores. The team won the competition in 1999 Copa Libertadores, after beating Deportivo Cali of Colombia. In 1951, Palmeiras won the international Copa Rio (international tournament), known as the first world soccer club tournament, after beating Juventus FC of Italy. In 1999, the team was declared the Champion of the Century in Brazilian football.
Foundation and name
Palmeiras was founded on August 26, 1914, initially as Palestra Italia, by Luigi Cervo, Vicenzo Ragognetti, Luigi Emanuele Marzo and Ezequiel Simone, four Italian men who were members of the Italian Brazilian community of São Paulo. Its original colors were red, white and green (those of Italy). During the World War II, Brazil entered the war supporting the Allied powers and its dictatorship along with the Brazilian Expeditionary Force (FEB) forced Palestra Italia (and also Cruzeiro Esporte Clube of Minas Gerais) to change its name because of the reference to Italy. The original badge (a white ornamental "P" in a green shield) is still present in the current one, and the club has used red as a third color (mostly in friendly games during the club's 75th anniversary).
Palestra is born – opening game
At the beginning of the 20th Century, several young Italians decided to start club whose main goal was to form a soccer team that would be representative of the Italian community, and face the big names of São Paulo's soccer elite. Just over three decades earlier, Italy had been reunified – a fact that was not known to some Italian-Brazilians and to some non-Italian Brazilians.
There were numerous Italian clubs, but each one represented an Italian Province or was geared to activities other than soccer. At the time, the game was starting to take hold and drew many players and fans.
The founders of the club sought out the Fanfulla newspaper, which was the media mouthpiece that defended the interests of Italians in Brazil, and entrusted young Vincenzo Ragognetti – another supporter of the idea – to draft an invitation to those interested in forming a sports club.
After several meetings, 46 interested individuals (led by Luigi Marzo and Luigi Cervo) gathered at the Alhambra Room on what is now Rua do Ruachuelo, and founded a sports club for all Italian-Brazilians named "Palestra Italia". Ezequiel Simone was named club president. The Italian Consulate in São Paulo became interested in the new club because it would help spread the word among Italians that their country now had one flag and one anthem.
After some initial difficulties, Palestra Italia played its first game in the town of Votorantim (São Paulo State) – beating Savoy 2–0 with goals from Bianco and Alegretti to win the Savoy Cup.
1920–1930 – First title and purchase of the stadium
In 1916, the team joined the city's main sports league and held its first official championship match. The following year it would be runner-up in the São Paulo State Championship, facing Sport Club Corinthians Paulista for the first time. Palestra won that initial game 3–0 with three goals from Caetano; it also won the rematch 3–1 of what would become the team's chief rivalry. In 1920, Palestra Italia captured the São Paulo State championship with a victory over the rugged Paulistano squad in the deciding match.
Palestra continued to grow as a sports club and also began acquiring more assets. Estádio Palestra Itália, purchased in 1920, was remodeled and expanded in 1933 – when it became the first Brazilian stadium with concrete grandstands and barbed-wire fences. Starting in 1964, the playing field would be suspended, which gave fans a complete, broad view and also created space in the lower levels.
The club continued to grow and won more championships, and at the outset of the 1930s became the three-time São Paulo State soccer and basketball champion – a feat which prompted Palestra fans to chant in celebration: "With the feet or with the hands, Palestra is the best in the land." due to regulations which enforce safety and comfort. The venue is also known as Parque Antártica
because the area was a park built by the Antarctica Paulista Company in the beginning of the last century, before being acquired by Palmeiras in 1920.
Local derbies against São Paulo are still played at home, while derbies against Corinthians are usually played in a larger stadium.
There are plans to rebuild the stadium. The project proposes the first FIFA ready stadium in South America, billed as a multipurpose events arena (for shows, seminars, meetings, parties, etc.). Capacity will be increased to 43,000 seats and 2,000 press staff for soccer games. Many other facilities will be in place, including: enhanced parking area, VIP area, 3 restaurant and bar, helicopter point, etc.
On July 9, 2010, Palmeiras played its last match in Palestra Itália against Boca Juniors in an international friendly, due to the construction of the new stadium, the Arena Palestra Itália.
The Arena Palestra Itália will hold up to 45,000 seats and should be inaugurated in January 2013.
Palmeiras' first kit consisted of green jerseys, white shorts and green socks. Palmeiras' first jersey was green with a horizontal white band, and a red and white Savoy cross as the crest. Palmeiras have played in blue shirts twice as a tribute to the Italian National Team. Their supporters are also well known for creating the mancha verde
(green spot) of fog and smoke when Palmeiras is entering the pitch.
From 2007 to 2009 Palmeiras used a third jersey: a light yellow shirt with a dark green shorts and socks.
In 2010 Palmeiras the light yellow jersey became the second jersey, and started using a blue and white shirt, with white shorts, for their third jersey.
Originally, Palmeiras was a club heavily supported by Brazilians of Italian descent. Over time, that distinction has reduced, and today the fan base is very diverse.
Palmeiras largest ultras groups are Mancha Alvi-Verde
(in English: White and Green Stain
– a green version of "Phantom Blot", the enemy of Mickey Mouse in a cartoon), TUP
(which is the oldest ultra group), Acadêmicos da Savóia, Porks and others.
RivalriesPalmeiras' biggest rival is Sport Club Corinthians Paulista. The rivalry between the two clubs is considered one of the most intense in Brazil, and their matches are known as The Paulista Derby. São Paulo Futebol Clube is another local rival; the games between the two clubs are called the Choque-Rei (
King Clash). Palmeiras was featured heavily in the film O Casamento de Romeu e Julieta where the rivalry between Palmeiras and Corinthians played a major role in the plot.
The club's official mascot is a green parakeet.
During the late 1960s, fans of Palmeiras' biggest rivals Sport Club Corinthians Paulista would mockingly refer to the team as "Pig", (Espírito de Porco in Portuguese) and soon after, other teams followed.
In 1986, at the Campeonato Paulista playoffs, supporters adopted the pig like their mascot. Although the parakeet is the official mascot, fans will refer to and yell: "PORCO!" (Pig) enthusiastically during matches, as the pig became their preferred mascot.
Palmeiras' anthem was composed in 1949 by conductor Antonio Sergi. Sergi also wrote the lyrics for the anthem, but did that under the pseudonym Gennaro Rodrigues.
Quando surge o alviverde imponente
(When the imposing white-green emerges)
No gramado em que a luta o aguarda
(On the pitch where battle awaits)
Sabe bem o que vem pela frente
(Aware of what lies ahead)
Que a dureza do prélio não tarda
(That the hardness of the game is approaching)
E o Palmeiras no ardor da partida
(And Palmeiras, in the heat of the match)
Transformando a lealdade em padrão
(Making a pattern out of loyalty)
Sabe sempre levar de vencida
(Always knows how to emerge as the winner)
E mostrar que de fato é campeão
(And show that it's indeed the champion)
Defesa que ninguém passa
Linha atacante de raça
(Vigorous attacking line)
Torcida que canta e vibra
(Singing, cheering supporters)
Por nosso alviverde inteiro
(For our white-green whole)
Que sabe ser brasileiro
(Who know how to be Brazilian)
Ostentando a sua fibra
(Boasting its fiber)
Out on loan
These are Palmeiras's top scorers since its foundation (data as of 12 May 2006):
The club associates congregate in a general assembly every four years to elect the seventy-six members of the Conselho Deliberativo (Deliberating Council) who in their turn chose amongst them a president for a two-year mandate. As of 2006 the president can only be re-elected once.
These are all Palmeiras presidents since the club's foundation,:
- Copa Libertadores
- Copa Mercosul
- Campeonato Brasileiro Série A:
- Copa do Brasil
- Copa dos Campeões
- Campeonato Brasileiro Série B (1): 2003
- Torneio Rio-São Paulo (5): 1933, 1951, 1965, 1993, 2000
- Champion Cup Rio-São Paulo State Tournament (4): 1926, 1934, 1942, 1947
- Campeonato Paulista (22): 1920, 1926, 1927, 1932, 1933, 1934, 1936, 1940, 1942, 1944, 1947, 1950, 1959, 1963, 1966, 1972, 1974, 1976, 1993, 1994, 1996, 2008
- Campeonato Paulista Extra (2): 1926, 1938
- São Paulo City Cup (4): 1945, 1946, 1950, 1951
- Ramón de Carranza Trophy (3): 1969, 1974, 1975
- Brasil-Argentina Tournament (2): 1936, 1945
- Mission Tournament (1): 1947
- Mexico Tournament (1): 1959
- Manizales City Tournament (1): 1962
- Lima City Cup (1): 1962
- Five Clubs Mexico Cup (1): 1963
- Firenze Cup (1): 1963
- João Havelange Four International Clubs Tournament (1): 1966
- Brazil-Japan Cup (1):1967
- Barcelona Cup (1): 1969
- Greece Cup (1): 1970
- March del Plata Tournament (1): 1972
- Italian Imigration Cup (1): 1975
- Kirin Cup (1): 1978-
- Euro-America Cup (2): 1991, 1996
- Nagoya Cup (1): 1994
- Brazil-Italy Cup (1): 1994
- Naranja Cup (1): 1997
- Friendship Tournament (1): 1997
- Lev Yashin Tournament (1): 1994
- Estudiantes Century Championship (1): 2005
- Rio-São Paulo Champions Cup (4): 1926, 1934, 1942, 1947
- Porto Alegre Cup (1): 1936
- Paraná Tournament (1): 1938
- Fortaleza Tournament (1): 1938
- Pacaembu Stadium Cup (1): 1940
- Belo Horizonte Tournament (1): 1945
- Rio Grande do Sul Tournament (1): 1964
- Four Clubs Cup São PauloxRio (1): 1952
- Recife Cup (1): 1955
- Maringá Tournament (1): 1969
- Paraná Four Clubs Cup (1): 1984
- Goiás Tournament (1): 1997
- Torneio Maria Quitéria (1) :1997
- Taça dos Invictos (4): 1934, 1972, 1973, 1989
- Super Copa São Paulo de Juniores (1): 1995
- Torneo Internazionale Under 19 Bellinzona (1): 2007
- Campeonato Paulista Feminino de Futebol (1): 2001
Palmeiras B Team
Palmeiras has a "second" team that plays the second division of the Paulista Championship (Campeonato Paulista Série A2). Palmeiras B is a second team to put young boys to train real competitions.
Palmeiras has a victorious tradition in various sports, such as rink hockey and basketball. Leandro Barbosa and Oscar Schmidt, two of the best Brazilian basketball players of all time, started their careers at Palmeiras.
Palmeiras has in it history 2 Brazilian Roller Hockey National Championships, being one of the main teams from São Paulo.