is a football (soccer) club from Brazil.
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Santos Futebol Clube is a Brazilian professional Football team based in Santos, São Paulo They play in the Campeonato Paulista and the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, the highest professional leagues in São Paulo (state) and Brazil, respectively. It is also notable for having featured Pelé as its main player between 1956 and 1974.
Santos is the defending Paulista and South American champion, and is one of the most successful clubs in Brazil. Domestically, the club have won nineteen Campeonato Paulista titles, one Copa do Brasil, and a joint record of eight List of Brazilian football champions. Internationally, they are amongst Brazil's most successful clubs with seven international titles, including three Copa Libertadores and two Intercontinental Cup (football). In 1962, Santos became the first club in the world to win Treble (association football) Continental trebles consisting of the 1962 Campeonato Paulista, 1962 Taça Brasil, and the 1962 Copa Libertadores. That same year, it also became the first football club ever to win four out of four competitions in a single year, thus completing Tuples in association football, comprising the aforementioned treble and the 1962 Intercontinental Cup. Their international and domestica success has led IFFHS to name Santos as one of the IFFHS continental Clubs of the 20th Century South America.
Founded as Santos Foot-Ball Club on April 14, 1912 by the initiative of three sports enthusiasts from Santos by the names of Raimundo Marques, Mário Ferraz de Campos, and Argemiro de Souza Júnior, the club has become a symbol of Joga Bonito
(English: The Beautiful Game) in Association football culture. It is one of Brazil's richest football club in terms of revenue, with an annual revenue of US Dollar45.1m (Euro31.5m), and one of the most valuable clubs, worth over $86.7m (€60.6m) in 2011. Santos was a founding member of the Clube dos 13
(English: Club of the 13) group of Brazil's leading football clubs.
Birth of Santos FC: 1900–1912
However, Atlético Internacional dissolved in 1910 and Americano moved to São Paulo in 1911. With the city students dissatisfied at this turn of events, a meeting at the headquarters of the Concordia Club (located in Rosario Street No. 18, at the top of the old bakery and Switzerland confectionery, currently Avenida João Pessoa), to create a football team.
However, in 1913 the Campeonato Santista was first played, with the Alvinegro
earning their first ever title after winning all six matches, scoring 35 goals and having been scored on only seven times. In 1914, due to an internal financial crisis, Santos only played friendly matches, winning all seven of them. In 1915, Santos changed their name temporarily to União Futebol Clube in order to dispute another city tournament due to budgeting reasons. Even so, Santos still went on to earn another title, their second in three years. With economic stability on hand, the Estadio Urbano Caldeira sports park was inaugurated on October 12, 1916. That same 1916 Campeonato Paulista, Santos returned to dispute another Campeonato Paulista finishing in a much-improved 5th place.
Between the 1917 and 1926 seasons, Santos was characterized as a solid and talented team, but one that couldn't offer a true challenge for the state title, finishing no higher than fourth place. Santos finished as runners-up in 1927, 1928 Campeonato Paulista and 1929 Campeonato Paulista, scoring 100 goals in 16 games in the 1927 season, resulting in an incredible rate of 6.25 goals per match. The milestone of 100 goals was a result of work characteristics that later would become an excerpt in the official anthem of the club: Técnica e Disciplina
(Engllish: Technique and Discipline). Santos entered a period of irregular campaigns, coinciding with the club's transition to professionalism; in 1933 the president of Santos publicly declared Santos a professional side for the first time. This was followed by the club's first great success in 1935 Campeonato Paulista.
Crest and colors
The first colors chosen for the new club were white, azure blue and golden lemon as an homage to Concórdia Club. But the difficulty to fabricate the colors on the uniform during those times forced a board meeting a year after the club's foundation. In 1912, Santos adopted a black and white striped shield, with one of the early Football (association football) in the middle and a diagonal band with the letters "SFBC". In order to pay homage to Concórdia Club (who let Santos use their headquarters to plan its foundation), the club used a crest that incorporated three golden lemon letters, the letters S, F and C, in the center of an azure blue circle. Casas Bahia, a Brazilian retail chain which specializes in furniture and home appliances, became the first sponsor for the Peixe
. The club is currently primarily sponsored by Nike, an United States Sportswear (activewear) and association football equipment supplier based in Beaverton, Oregon, USA.
The team has had many kit-manufacturing sponsors that invest in the club as well. Many of these sponsors are nationally based but have expanded to other nations. The current material manufacturers sponsors are Banco BMG (a financial institution in the BMG Group, based in Belo Horizonte), CSU (an United States business unit that offers contact centers and large investments), Netshoes (a company of internet retailers which began operations in February 2000 and is now the largest store of its kind in Latin America) and Seara Alimentos (a Brazilian food company that specializes in the development and distribution of meat products).
Main articles: Estádio Urbano Caldeira, CT Rei Pelé, CT Meninos da Vila, and Memorial das Conquistas
Soon after its foundation, Santos held their training in a field located in the district of Macuco. As the pitch did not meet the minimum size standards to dispute official matches, Santos played on the "Igreja Coração de Maria" pitch in Ana Costa Avenue. Since then, there have been a number of reductions due to modernizations. The last change was a new illumination system being installed in January 27, 1998, with a illumnination level of 1200 lux, more than the FIFA minimum recommendation. hosted the 1962 Copa Libertadores final and the 1998 Copa CONMEBOL final. It has also hosted a Copa do Brasil final in 2010 Copa do Brasil. Due to its relative-low capacity, Santos has used other stadiums for high-profile matches such as the Estádio Palestra Itália, Estádio do Pacaembu and Estádio do Morumbi, all located in São Paulo, and the Maracanã (stadium) in Rio de Janeiro. Current Santos President Luis Alvaro Ribeiro and other club directors are agreeing on building a stadium in a city nearby Santos called Cubatao, a stadium for 40,000 people which would become Santos' home field for almost 70% of the games during the season which would increase the team's profit.
On October 2005, the CT Rei Pelé
was inaugurated. Located in the Jabaquara bairro, the training ground, one of the most modern in Brazil, includes medical and training facilities for the first team and a hotel, "Recanto dos Alvinegros".
The CT Meninos da Vila
, located in the Saboó bairro, constitutes two fields of equal size to the Vila Belmiro
and it is intended for the formation and development of players. The two fields are named in homage to the revelation of players Diego and Robinho. It was inaugurated in August 2006.
The core strength of Santos's global brand is often attributed to Lula's success in leading Os Santasticos
, which drew worldwide acclaim. The iconic team included Gylmar dos Santos Neves, Mauro Ramos, Mengálvio Pedro Figueiró, Coutinho, José Macia and Pelé. This attention often generates greater interest in off-the-field, with the popularity of the club and brand spanning five continents across the globe. Many domestic and international clubs were founded in homemage to Santos. In Macapá, Santos Futebol Clube (AP) was founded in 1973. In João Pessoa, Santos Futebol Clube (PB) was founded in 1949. In Porto Alegre, Santos Futebol Clube de Alegrete also took after its Paulista
model. In Iwata, Shizuoka, Japan, "Santos FC Soccer Academy Japan" has grown in popularity since ts creation in 1993, having categories from the ages of six to nineteen while the club expanded its brand to Cairo, Egypt in 2008. "Santos FC’s Soccer Academy" in Orlando, Florida, Florida is another one of the club's international branches. In Hong Kong, Nene Leung created the group Nene & The Santos Boys
, a group of China and Hong Kongers who dedicate themselves to watch Santos' matches.
Santos is one of Brazil's most economically powerful and richest football clubs; it had an annual turnover of US Dollar45.1m (Euro31.5m) in 2011 and became one of the most valuable clubs, worth over $86.7m (€60.6m). surpassing every club in the Netherlands Eredivisie
and the England Football League Championship, most of the clubs in Portugal's Primeira Liga, Ukraine's Ukrainian Premier League
, Turkey's Süper Lig
, Russian Premier League and France's Ligue 1
, as well as over half the clubs in Germany's Fußball-Bundesliga
, Italy's Serie A
, Spain's La Liga
and England's Premier League. Konami's Pro Evolution Soccer (series), a secondary sponsor of the official Copa Libertadores video game, will feature Santos in the video game Pro Evolution Soccer 2012. This is the first time that the club is being featured on a video game. The flambouyant, attacking style of play adopted by this team (in contrast to the physical-minded approach favoured by European, Uruguayan and Argentinian teams of the era) was a constant, world-wide exhibition that saw Santos travel in over 50 countries at every continent (except Antarctica). The club's focus on commercial and sporting success brought significant profits in an industry often characterised by chronic losses. The strength of the Santos' brand was bolstered by its FIFA World Cup winners, especially Pelé. Pelé is hailed as a national hero. He is known for his accomplishments and contributions to the game of football. He is also acknowledged for his vocal support of policies to improve the social conditions of the poor (when he scored his 1,000th goal with Santos he dedicated it to the poor children of Brazil). During his career, he became known as "The King of Football" (O Rei do Futebol), "The King Pelé" (O Rei Pelé) or simply "The King" (O Rei).
Santos FC has been featured in several documentary and semi-documentary films such as Guadalajara 70
, Uma história de futebol
, Dogão calabresa
, and Boleiros
. Former players have also been published, most notably Pelé, but others have appeared in films such as Ginga
. Santos was the featured club in the film Asa Branca:Um Sonho Brasileiro
, a story of a modest but talented soccer player for Santos and reaches stardom. Pelé appeared, alongside other footballers of the 1960s and 1970s, with Michael Caine, and Sylvester Stallone, in the 1981 film Escape to Victory
, about an attempted escape from a World War II German POW Camp. The club has become a symbol of Joga Bonito
(English: The Beautiful Game) in Association football culture. This was largely thanks to the Peixe's
Golden Generation of the 1960s, the Santasticos
, considered by some the best club team of all times.
The club has many local celebrities in its fan group, such as Brazilian singer Mariana Belém, prosecutor Luiz Antônio Marrey, director, writer, actor and television hoster Marcelo Tas and Danielle Zangrando, gold and bronze judo medalist at the Judo at the 2007 Pan American Games Lightweight (– 57 kg) and 1995 World Judo Championships 56 kg, respectively. Bob Marley, a famous Jamaican singer-songwriter and musician and the most widely known and revered performer of reggae music, played a practice match with Santos in 1980 along with the ska, rocksteady and reggae band Bob Marley & The Wailers. Bob Marley even wore the Santos uniform. The film Santos: Especial
by Mercado Livre was published in 2011, which talks about the most successful moments of the club during its coming centenary.
Brazilian teams are limited to three players without Brazilian citizenship. The squad list includes only the principal nationality of each player; some players on the squad have dual citizenship with another country.
Out on loan
Current technical staff
Historically, Santos is Football records in Brazil, having won nine domestic trophies, and one of the most recognized football clubs in the world, having won eight international trophies, making them the List of CONMEBOL club competition winners By club for International club competition records, all recognized by CONMEBOL and FIFA; it also has the record in Campeonato Brasileiro Série A titles, alongside Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras (with 8), and Supercopa Sudamericana and Intercontinental Supercup titles (being the only winners of the latter competition).
- Campeonato Paulista (19): 1935, 1955, 1956, 1958, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1973, 1978, 1984, 2006, 2007, 2010 Campeonato Paulista, 2011 Campeonato Paulista
- Campeonato Brasileiro Série A (8): 1961 Taça Brasil, 1962 Taça Brasil, 1963 Taça Brasil, 1964 Taça Brasil, 1965 Taça Brasil, 1968 Torneio Roberto Gomes Pedrosa, Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 2002, Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 2004
- Copa Libertadores (3): 1962 Copa Libertadores, 1963 Copa Libertadores, 2011 Copa Libertadores
- Recopa Sudamericana de Campeones Intercontinentales (1): 1968 Recopa Sudamericana
- Intercontinental Cup (football) (2): 1962 Intercontinental Cup, 1963 Intercontinental Cup
Especially short competitions such as the Recopa Sudamericana, Intercontinental Cup (football) (now defunct), or FIFA Club World Cup are not generally considered to contribute towards a Double or Treble.