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BK Häcken

BK Häcken is a football (soccer) club from Sweden.

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About BK Häcken

Bollklubben Häcken, also known simply as BK Häcken, are a Swedish professional association football based in Gothenburg. The club are affiliated to Göteborgs Fotbollförbund and play their home games at Rambergsvallen. The club colours, reflected in their crest and kit, are yellow and black. Formed on 2 August 1940 the club have played eleven season in Sweden's highest football league Allsvenskan, the club's first season in the league was in 1983 Allsvenskan. The club are currently playing in Allsvenskan, where the season lasts from April to October.


The beginning

The club was started by a group of youngsters at the age of 14–15, they had a wish to not just play football for fun but to create an organisation and play in the national league system. The boys turned to Göteborgs Fotbollförbund, the local FA, the boys had been playing under the name BK Kvick earlier, however the name was already taken by another organisation, the name was then change to Bollklubben Häcken after the huge hedge (sv: häck) that grow around the field the boys used to practise on. The organisation Bollklubben Häcken came into existence on 2 August 1940.

First decades

Following the first years the club only played sporadic matches, youth championships and a few other matches, but eventually they started to play at the senior level. As of 1943 the club started to take in the league system and success came in an instant. Between 1944 and 1947 the club won their league and climbed from west seniorclass 4 to seniorclass 1.

The start of the 1950s went as well as the 1940s had. The club won Division 4 in 1950 and when they won Division 3 in 1951 they went from a local club to be known as a "comet team" in the national media. The club fought for a place in Allsvenskan in 1953 but saw themselves defeated by Kalmar FF, and in 1954 the club was relegated from Division 2. In 1955 the club set the record for the most spectators during a Division 3 game against IK Oddevold, when 18,229 people showed up for the game. BK Häcken eventually won the league but returns soon again and played in Division 3 for the rest of the decade.

The 1960s started with the opening of the club's new clubhouse, now known as Häckensborg. Häcken spent most of the decade as a stable Division 3 team, but in 1967 they were relegated to Division 4 and it was struck by some severe economical and internal problems.

The 1970s started just as badly as the previous decade ended. The club fell out of Division 4 and held discussions with IF Warta about a merger. A discussion had been up several times earlier but had not gone as far as now, at the day of the voting the IF Warta members voted for a merging while the BK Häcken members voted against it. In 1971 the club won Division 5, the club then played in Division 4 until 1975 when they won it and in 1977 they won Division 3 with former Swedish international Agne Simonsen as manager, when the club earlier won Division 3 in 1951 they climbed directly up to Division 2, however this time they had to play a qualifier against IK Brage, Motala AIF and Degerfors IF. The club won and took the step up to Division 2. During 1978–1979 the club played successfully in Division 2 with a 3rd place as the best position. In 1978 BK Häcken also started a ladies team.

Reaching Allsvenskan

The new decade started as strong as the last one ended, Agne Simonsen continues to bring success to the club as they win Division 2 and qualify for a position in Allsvenskan, however IF Elfsborg prove to strong with a 0–1 defeat at home on Gamla Ullevi (1916) and then a 1–1 result in Borås on Ryavallen, during the game on Gamla Ullevi BK Häcken sets it record for biggest home audience with 19 205.
However the club is not let down by this and comes in 2nd place in 1982 and this time they qualify IFK Norrköping, BK Häcken is able to 2–0 result home at Rambergsvallen and then get 1–1 away on Idrottsparken in Norrköping and the club reached Allsvenskan for the first time in the clubs history.
The time that BK Häcken spends in Allsvenskan is however short, the club successful manager Agne Simonsen for a local competitor and Reine Almqvist takes over, the club ends up last in the league and is relegated back to Division 2 where they play for the rest of the 1980s.

BK Häcken starts the 1990s with winning Division 1 söder and faces GIF Sundsvall in the qualify, even with an impressiv 5–2 victory at home Sundsvall is able to come back and win the return match in Sundsvall and gets promoted to Allsvenskan. The club was also successful plying in Svenska Cupen and reaches the final, but are defeated again, this time 3–0 by Djurgårdens IF Fotboll.
The club is close in reaching Allsvenskan again in 1991, but a 2–2 home and 1–1 away sees them losing the position to Helsingborgs IF.
1992 is more successful as they reach Allsvenskan through a 4th place in Kvalsvenskan and this time the spell in the top league is not as short as earlier, BK Häcken ends up on in 6th place in 1993 and gets to play a second year in Allsvenskan, however the club ends up last in the league in 1994 and following some turbulens on the leadership side of the club it stays in Division 1 until 1997 as the club ended up in 2nd place and qualifies against Västerås SK Fotboll, with a 1–1 home and with a 4–2 away BK Häcken climbs up to Allsvenskan again.
The club is however relegated again in 1998 after ending up second last, but returns in 1999 after winning Division 1 Södra, this year Kim Källström also makes his debut for the club.

New millennium

The new millennium continues as the last decade did, the club is able to defend its Allsvenska position in a relegation/promotion play-off against Mjällby AIF in the end of the 2000 in Swedish football after penalties, Kjell Pettersson leaves the club and Torbjörn Nilsson takes over as manager.
2001 BK Häcken plays it 6 season overall in Allsvenskan but ends second last and is relegated to Superettan, through a cooperation with Floda BoIF future Liberian national Dulee Johnson arrives at the club and in 2002 and he gets company from Jimmy Dixon and Dioh Williams.
BK Häcken spends stays in Superettan until 2004, being close to take the step up both in 2002, failing on goal difference, and in 2003, defeated by GIF Sundsvall in play-off, in 2004 the clubs reaches Allsvenskan by winning Superettan.
The club brings in former Swedish international Teddy Lučić and Danish international Stig Tøfting in 2005 in an attempt to reach a higher position the earlier, the club reaches 8th places.
The 2006 season gets harder as Stig Tøfting and Dulee Johnson leaves the club and the club is forced to play against a qualify against IF Brommapojkarna, BK Häcken is defeated by a total of 4–1 and is relegated to Superettan.

In 2010, Häcken earned the Fair Play award for the Allsvenskan. This resulted in the team earning a spot in the 1st Qualifying Round of the 2011–12 UEFA Europa League when Sweden won third place in the UEFA Fair Play ranking.

As of 11 February 2012

Available youth players

As of 11 February 2012

For season transfers, see List of Swedish football transfers winter 2011–2012.

Notable players

- Stig Tøfting

- Keijo Huusko

- Arnór Guðjohnsen

- Jimmy Dixon
- Dulee Johnson
- Dioh Williams

- Anton Hysén
- Tobias Hysén
- Daniel Larsson
- Kim Källström
- Teddy Lučić
- Mathias Ranégie

- - Winners (1): 2004
- - Runners-up (1): 2008
- Division 1 Södra:
- - Winners (2): 1990, 1999
- - Runners-up (1): 1997
- Division 1 Västra:
- - Winners (1): 1992


- Svenska Cupen:
- - Runners-up (1): 1989–1990

European record

- Q= Qualifying
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