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FC Twente

FC Twente is a football (soccer) club from Netherlands.

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About FC Twente

FC Twente is a Netherlands professional association football club from the city of Enschede, playing in the Eredivisie. The club was formed in 1965 by the merger of 1926 Eredivisie Champions, Sportclub Enschede and Enschedese Boys. They are the current holders of KNVB Cup and Johan Cruijff Schaal trophies, and were Eredivisie champions in the 2009–10 Eredivisie; the team have also finished as Eredivisie runners-up thrice, were runners-up in the UEFA Cup 1974–75, and have won the KNVB Cup three times. Twente's home ground since 1998 is De Grolsch Veste.

History

Foundation and early years

The club was formed in 1965 as a merger of two professional clubs, Sportclub Enschede and the Enschedese Boys. One of such predecessors, SC Enschede, had also won a single Eredivisie title in 1926.

The first successes of the club started just after the merger of 1965, under the innovating coach Kees Rijvers. Twente finished third in 1969, fourth in 1970, fifth in 1971, third in 1972 and once again in 1973. The team's key figures were local heroes, such as Epi Drost, Eddy Achterberg, Kick van der Vall and Theo Pahlplatz. Their finest Eredivisie season was 1973–1974, in which Twente battled for the Dutch championship with Feyenoord. A head-to-head confrontation in the very last game of the season, in Rotterdam, had to bring the decision. Feyenoord were slightly luckier: 3–2. A second slot and a UEFA Cup ticket—that was all for FC Twente.

However, the Tukkers (as people from the Dutch region of Twente are generally called) almost made the very most out of that UEFA Cup ticket. After beating Juventus F.C. in the semi-finals, FC Twente lost to German side Borussia Mönchengladbach in the finals (0–0, 1–5).

In 1977 FC Twente wins its first trophy; the KNVB cup after beating PEC Zwolle 3–0.

The 1980s and 1990s

After enjoying some success in the 1970s, things went downhill for Twente and the club was even relegated to the Eerste Divisie (Dutch second division) in 1983. Twente returned to the top flight a year later, but the club soon became known for their amazing number of 1–1 and 0–0 draws. Their new reputation 'boring Twente' overshadowed the fact that the club kept qualifying for European football on a fairly regular basis: five times since 1985.

Re-establishment then followed in the 1990s: German coach Hans Meyer (football) led Twente to the third slot in the Eredivisie of 1997 and to the third round of the UEFA Cup the next season. On 24 May 2001, Twente clinched their second triumph in the KNVB Cup, beating PSV Eindhoven in the final after being 3–1 down in the penalty shoot-out. The season thereafter Twente crashed out of the cup against the teenagers of Ajax's second team, whereas results in the league were poor and the hardcore Twente fans Ultras Vak-P went on a rampage at the club's brand-new De Grolsch Veste out of frustration.

From bankruptcy to national champions (2002–present)

The club's mother corporation (FC Twente '65) was declared bankrupt in the 2002–03 season, almost leading to the end of the club's existence. The club, now chaired by ambitious businessman Joop Munsterman, survived such problems and made it to another KNVB Cup final in 2004, and then finishing in fourth place in 2006–07. In the season 2007–08, FC Twente placed fourth and won the play-offs for a ticket to the UEFA Champions League Qualifiers by defeating AFC Ajax in the play-off finals.

In the 2008–09 season, FC Twente hired former England national football team manager Steve McClaren as new boss: under his tenure, unseeded Twente entered the draw for the third qualifying round of the 2008–09 UEFA Champions League, being drawn against seeded Arsenal F.C.. The two legs were played at home on 13 August and away on 27 August 2008. Twente lost 6–0 on aggregate, resulting in their elimination from the Champions League and subsequent entry of the UEFA Cup 2008-09 first round. At domestic level, FC Twente placed second in the Eredivisie (11 points below the league's champion AZ (football club)) and again gained entry to the UEFA Champions League qualifying rounds as Dutch runners-up, as well as KNVB Cup finalists (then defeated by SC Heerenveen).

The 2009–10 season started with Twente being knocked out of the 2009–10 UEFA Champions League third qualifying round after a 1–1 aggregate draw against Sporting CP, which sent the Portuguese side through on away goals. The club was then admitted to the 2009–10 UEFA Europa League, where it enjoyed a relatively successful path which ended in a 4–2 aggregate defeat at the hands of Werder Bremen in the round of 32. At domestic level, Twente won its first 2009–10 Eredivisie at the end of a campaign in which they lost just twice, winning 16 of 17 at home. The championship was confirmed on the final day of the season when they beat NAC Breda 2–0 away, making Steve McClaren the first Englishman to guide a Dutch team to a national title since Bobby Robson in 1992. The victory qualified Twente for the 2010–11 UEFA Champions League Group Stage onwards, the club's first appearance in the competition. At the end of the season Steve McClaren resigned as the manager, moving to Germany side VfL Wolfsburg, and was replaced by Belgium Michel Preud'homme. Twente continued their success by having a great run during the 2010–11 KNVB Cup. Twente reached the final on 8 May 2011 at De Kuip. Twente recovered from 2–0 down to defeat Ajax Amsterdam 3–2 in extra time with a winner from Marc Janko, which claimed the club's third KNVB Cup title. One week later, the two teams faced each other in Amsterdam in the final round of matches in the Eredivisie, with Twente leading by a point. However, Ajax gained revenge for the cup defeat by winning 3–1 to claim their first title in seven years.
The start of the 2011/2012 season, under new coach Co Adriaanse who succeeded Michel Preud'homme, had another clash between the duo in the Amsterdam ArenA, with this time Twente winning 2–1 in their 2nd successive Dutch Super Cup 'Johan Cruijff Schaal' victory.

Satellite clubs

The following clubs are affiliated with FC Twente:
- Manchester United F.C.
- Dayton Dutch Lions
- FK Qarabağ
- Desportivo Brasil
- Kozármisleny SE
- Dayton Dutch Lions FC
- Heracles Almelo
- Go Ahead Eagles

Players

First-team squad





For recent transfers, see List of Dutch football transfers winter 2010–11 and List of Dutch football transfers summer 2011.

Reserve squad



Out on loan



Notable players

Topscorers


Managers


- Friedrich Donenfeld (1965–66)
- Kees Rijvers (1966–72)
- Antoine Kohn (1972–79)
- Hennie Hollink (1980–81)
- Rob Groener (1981–82)
- Antoine Kohn (1982–83)
- Fritz Korbach (1983–86)

- Theo Vonk (1986–92)
- Rob Baan (1992–94)
- Issy ten Donkelaar (1994–95)
- Hans Meyer (football) (1996–99)
- Fred Rutten (1999–01)
- John van 't Schip (2001–02)
- René Vandereycken (2002–04)

- Rini Coolen (2004–06)
- Jan van Staa (2006, interim)
- Fred Rutten (2006–08)
- Steve McClaren (2008–10)
- Michel Preud'homme (2010–2011)
- Co Adriaanse (2011-2012)
- Steve McClaren (2012-)

Honours

National

- Eredivisie
- - Winners (1): 2009–10 Eredivisie
- - Runners-up (3): Eredivisie 1973–74, 2008–09 Eredivisie, 2010-11 Eredivisie
- KNVB Cup
- - Winners (3): 1976–77 KNVB Cup, 2000–01 KNVB Cup, 2010–11 KNVB Cup
- - Runners-up (4): 1974–75 KNVB Cup, 1978–79 KNVB Cup, 2003–04 KNVB Cup, 2008–09 KNVB Cup
- Johan Cruijff Shield
- - Winners (2): Johan Cruijff-schaal XV, Johan Cruijff-schaal XVI
- - Runners-up (1): 2001

International

- UEFA Cup
- - Runners-up (1): 1974–75 UEFA Cup

Domestic results

Below is a table with FC Twente's domestic results since the introduction of the Eredivisie in 1956.

Women's section

The women's section of Twente was founded in 2007 for the creation of the Eredivisie (women) as new top level league in the Netherlands. Twente played the opening match of the league. After three midfield positions in the first three years, Twente won the championship in 2010/11 and plays the UEFA Women's Champions League in 2011/12.




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