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NAC Breda

NAC Breda is a football (soccer) club from Netherlands.

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About NAC Breda

NAC Breda , simply often known as NAC, is a Netherlands professional football club, based in Breda, Netherlands. NAC Breda play in the Rat Verlegh Stadion, named after their most important player, Antoon Verlegh. They play in the Dutch Eredivisie and are known by the fierce and fanatic support of their fans. In their history, NAC won one national title in 1921 and won one KNVB Cup in 1973.

NAC was founded on September 19, 1912, when the two clubs ADVENDO and NOAD merged to one club. NOAD is a Dutch abbreviation for Nooit Ophouden, Altijd Doorgaan (, English: never give up, always persevere), while ADVENDO is a Dutch abbreviation for Aangenaam Door Vermaak En Nuttig Door Ontspanning (, English: Pleasant for its entertainment and useful for its relaxation), the C stands for Combinatie (combination). The full name of NAC Breda expands to Nooit opgeven altijd doorgaan, Aangenaam door vermaak en nuttig door ontspanning, Combinatie Breda , the longest football club name in the world. Early 2003 NAC added, as a symbol of gratitude, Breda to their club name, after the City of Breda bought NAC’s Rat Verleghstadium to help the club to cope with financial problems.

The last 6 years, NAC played 4 semi-finals in the KNVB Cup, which were all lost. In the season Eredivisie 2007-08 NAC ended 3rd in the Eredivisie. In season Eredivisie 2008–09 NAC qualified for the 2nd phase in the UEFA Europa League 2009–10, but was defeated in the 4th round NAC by Villarreal CF. At the end of season Eredivisie 2009–10 it appeared, despite earlier denials by management and the chairman, that NAC had a debt of 3.2 million Euros. The crisis lead to the resignation of several board members and the installation of a new board and the appointment of Ed Busselaar as interim managing director. In 2011 it appeared that NAC had a debt of 7.1 million Euros.

History

Foundation

NAC Breda was founded on September 19, 1912, when the two clubs ADVENDO (Aangenaam Door Vermaak En Nuttig Door Ontspanning (English: Pleasant for its entertainment and useful for its relaxation)) and NOAD (Nooit Opgeven, Altijd Doorzetten (English: never give up, always persevere)) merged to one club. During the new club’s foundation meeting the atmosphere became tense, since NOAD wanted to name the new club NOAD (NOad and ADvendo). This name was for ADVENDO no option. Eventually, Frans Konert proposed to call the club NAC (NOAD ADVENDO Combinatie), which was accepted by the meeting’s attendants. At first, the Royal Dutch Football Association refused NAC to play associated football, but allowed NAC on October 28, 1912 to play in the 2nd Southern Division.

NAC’s golden ages

In 1939 NAC and the City of Breda reopened discussions whether NAC could return to Breda. The city’s council zoned a large piece of land at the Beatrixstraat as stadium area and NAC returned to Breda in 1940. Because of the breakout of the Second World War, NAC decided to play an important social function in Breda’s community. In order to divert the people’s attention from war, NAC organized sport events, theatre, fairs and horsing games. Although NAC remained to play football, several players were employed by the Germans in Germany. During the second World War, youngster Kees Rijvers made his debut for NAC.

Challenging times

After the Second World War, NAC played on the highest level. In 1949 Chairman of Honour C.J. Asselbergs died. Asselbergs was one of the people who were present at NAC since NAC got founded. In 1954 professional football was introduced in the Netherlands. The running competitions were postponed and new competitions were created. NAC entered the 1A League and became champions of this league in 1955. In the championship competition NAC finished second place, behind their rivals Willem II Tilburg.

On March 14, 1960 Breda was shocked to hear the death of Antoon Verlegh. Verlegh, considered to be one of the important persons in Dutch football, died in a car accident on March 12. From NAC’s foundation in 1912, Verlegh was involved in the club at numerous positions and played an important role with the Royal Dutch Football Association. In November 1961 NAC lost another important person; Chairman Jacques Piederiet died. A year later, in August 1962, chairman Le Fevre died. The beginning of the sixties were not bright for NAC. In 1964–1965 NAC even relegated for the first time in its existence.

The relegation meant a total reconstruction of the club’s management. The board resigned and NAC’s intention was to return to the highest level within one year. NAC was successful in this and a season later NAC played on the highest level and a year later qualified for the KNVB Cup’s final, were it lost to AFC Ajax. Although NAC lost, the club was allowed to play UEFA Cup. In the UEFA Cup NAC reached the second round, after defeating Floriana FC. In the second round NAC was knocked out by Cardiff City. Although NAC remained on the highest football level in the Netherlands, NAC were in a heavy struggle not to relegate. May 31, 1973 is another highlight in NAC’s history. In the KNVB Cup’s final, NAC had to play NEC Nijmegen. NAC won the Cup Final, in front of 25,000 people from Breda, with 0–2. Because of this victory, NAC was allowed to play in the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup. In the first round NAC was knocked out by later winners 1. FC Magdeburg.

The birth of the Avondje NAC

In the eighties NAC relegated two times. After the second relegation, it appeared the financial situation of NAC was terrible. NAC was almost bankrupt and had to sell its belongings to survive. For years NAC struggled to survive, but at the end of the eighties NAC’s situation improved and the club began to play in the top of the Eerste Divisie. On June 7, 1989, NAC player Andro Knel died in a plane accident. It was a shock to the club, especially since Knel was one of the popular players. Hundreds of fans of both NAC Breda and Sparta Rotterdam, Knel’s former club, came together in memorial of Knel. A temporary Knel monument was revealed and the numbers of supporters visiting the monument proved his popularity. Due to the sad moments of Knel's death a special relationship between fans of NAC and Sparta was created.

After Knel’s death, NAC had to continue to play in de Eerste Divisie and three times NAC was close to promote back to the Eredivisie. In 1992, NAC finally promoted to the Eredivisie. With a team managed by Ronald Spelbos and players like John Lammers (footballer), Pierre van Hooijdonk, Ton Lokhoff, Fabian Wilnis and John Karelse, NAC played their promotion match in Den Bosch against FC Den Bosch in front of 9,000 NAC fans. The promotion meant a revival of NAC’s popularity, the stadium was sold out and NAC was supported by thousands of people in away matches. In the away match against their rivals Feyenoord in Rotterdam, NAC was supported by 8,000 people. Due to the popularity, the NAC board announced it would leave the stadium at the Beatrixstraat and it would build a new stadium. Until the movement, NAC continued to play on the highest level, missed qualification for the UEFA Cup several times and reached the semi-finals of the KNVB Cup.

A new stadium and continuing financial problems

NAC professionalized and promoted in 2000 to the Eredivisie. In 2003 NAC qualified for the UEFA Cup, in which NAC played two matches against Newcastle United. An estimated 4,300 NAC fans travelled to Newcastle to support their team. In 2003 it appeared NAC was again nearing bankruptcy and the City of Breda purchased the stadium again from NAC on January 30, 2003. As a gratitude, NAC changed their name to NAC Breda. After this rescue, the management and the Board of Chairmen resigned and was succeeded by Theo Mommers as managing director and a new Board of Chairmen, led by Willem van der Hoeven. In 2006 NAC decided to rename the stadium to Rat Verlegh Stadion.

For a long time, NAC’s financial position seemed stable and the club finished third in season 2007–2008. In 2009, NAC qualified for the UEFA Europa League. In the 4th round, NAC was defeated by Villarreal CF with 1–3 (home) and 6–1 (away). Despite earlier denials towards fans and stakeholders by management and the Board of Chairmen, it appeared at the end of season 2009-2010 that NAC’s financial position wasn’t stable. The club lost 3.2 million Euro’s that season, due to rebuilding the stadium and buying too expensive players. Board members Willem van der Hoeven, Jacques Visschers and Bas Koomans resigned and Bas van Bavel became new chairman. Managing director Theo Mommers reported ill in April 2010. Bernard Ouwerkerk was appointed in June 2010 as interim managing director of NAC Breda, while Technical Manager Earnest Stewart signed a contract at AZ (football club) and was replaced by Jeffrey van As.
During this period, NAC manager Maaskant raised his concerns several via the press. Because of the financial problems, NAC had to cut budget and Maaskant wasn’t able to buy new players. On August 21, 2010 NAC and Maaskant made public that the trainer would leave NAC Breda for Poland football club Wisła Kraków, where Maaskant signed a 2-year deal. His assistant managers John Karelse, Gert Aandewiel and Arno van Zwam became the interim managers for NAC Breda. In January 2011 Bernard Ouwerkerk resigned and was succeeded by Ed Busselaar. In March 2011 it appeared that NAC had a debt of 7.1 million Euros.

Honours

- Eredivisie
- - Winners (1): 1921
- KNVB Cup Afterwards, NAC announced to play their home matches in a yellow shirt, with a black diagonal line running over it, black shorts and white socks, with some yellow accents in it. The away kit is a white shirt, with a yellow diagonal line marked by a black border running over it. White short and white socks complete the away kit.

Crest

During their existence, NAC had 4 different crests. After their foundation in 1912, their crest was a black shield, with a yellow diagonal line running over it and in it the letters N.A.C.. This crest was replaced in 1968 by another crest. The reason for this crest change is unknown. In 1974 the crest was replaced by a crest which contained the letters NAC in a black and yellow combination. The crest was most probably changed due to the dismissal of the NAC board in 1974. In order to state a new beginning, a new board member’s daughter designed NAC’s third crest. The current crest consists of two lions, three crosses, the letters NAC and it contains NAC’s official club colours. The two lions and the three crosses are derived from Breda’s crest. The current crest was developed in 1996, when NAC moved to the Rat Verlegh Stadion.


File:Crest NAC 1912.jpg or ‘The Yellow Army’. NAC Breda have a loyal fanbase, with virtually all their home matches selling out. National and international NAC is known by the fierce and fanatic support of their fans, combined in the term ‘Avondje NAC’ (English: ‘An evening NAC’). A flamboyant mix of Burgundian fun, beer, fanaticism and love for the club ensures that during home matches the atmosphere in the stadium is intimidating. The term has its roots in the seventies, when the board decided to play their home matches at a Saturday evening. Nowadays, NAC is supported by two fanatic sides: The B-Side and Vak G. The club’s fans also publish NAC Fanzine De Rat, named after Antoon ‘Rat’ Verlegh. NAC was the first club in Dutch professional soccer to found a fans' council. This council is an advisary organisation, that protects NAC's culture and defend the fans' interests. NAC also has one position available for a fan in the board of chairmans.

Rivalries

NAC Breda’s longest-running and deepest rivalry is with their nearest neighbour, Willem II (football club) from Tilburg, colloquially known as Stillem II (English: Quietness II). This rivalry originated in the twenties of the 20th century. Matches between the two are referred to as the derby of Brabant. The two cities of Breda and Tilburg are just 20 kilometres apart, leading to an intense feeling of a cross-town rivalry, heightened by a feeling that it is city against city with local pride at stake.

NAC Breda’s other deep running rivalry is with Rotterdam based club Feyenoord. The rivalry has its roots after several incidents between fans of both clubs in the seventies of the 20th century. Although Feyenoord fans don’t have the same rival feelings like NAC fans have, matches against Feyenoord are considered to be of the most important and most violent matches of a season.

Organisation NAC Breda

NAC Breda's mission and vision

NAC Breda's current management defined NAC Breda's mission and vision as :

NAC Breda plays professional football at the highest level in the Netherlands. NAC is a club of the people, with deep roots in Breda. Our football is cheeky, brave, opportunistic, passionate, proud and full of team spirit. NAC is the heart of social cohesion between all sections in society.


NAC Breda's core values

NAC Breda's current management defined, together with NAC fans, several core values, which are the fundaments of NAC Breda's identity. These core values are:
- Affectionate : Being creative, original and cocky;
- Burgundy style : The good side of life, passionate, enjoyment, emotional;
- Cohesive : Nobody excluded, aimed at people, strong bonds;
- Self conscious : Own background and history, proud, authentic, roots in Breda.

NAC Breda's policy

In NAC Breda's policy, put in place by NAC Breda's current management, several objectives have been named by NAC's management

NAC Breda's management

NAC Breda's management consists of the following people.

Main squad

As of 1 August 2011

For recent transfers, see List of Dutch football transfers summer 2011

(on loan from AZ Alkmaar)

(on loan from AFC Ajax)

(on loan from Union Berlin)

(on loan from AFC Ajax)

(on loan from Real Sociedad)

(on loan from SC Heerenveen)

On loan






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