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Sparta Rotterdam

Sparta Rotterdam is a football (soccer) club from Netherlands.

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About Sparta Rotterdam

Sparta Rotterdam is the oldest professional association football team in the Netherlands, established on April 1, 1888. Sparta is one of three professional football clubs from Rotterdam, the others being Excelsior Rotterdam (est. 1902) and Feyenoord (est. 1908), the latter pair playing in the Eredivisie.

History

On April 1, 1888, several students from Rotterdam founded a cricket club called Sparta. In July 1888, a football branch of the club was established. In 1890 Sparta played its first real football match, and in 1892 Sparta disbanded the cricket branch. Sparta was promoted to the highest league of Dutch football on April 23, 1893. In 1897, Sparta withdrew from the competition after continuous dubious arbitration of Sparta matches. However, the club continued to exist, and in 1899, the board of Sparta visited a match of Sunderland A.F.C Impressed with the red-white jersey of the English club, the board decided that Sunderland's colours (red-white striped jersey, black shorts) would henceforth be the colours of Sparta.

In 1905, Sparta initiated and organised the first home match of the Netherlands national football team, against Belgium national football team. The match, won 4–0 by the Netherlands, was a rematch of a game two weeks prior, when the Netherlands beat Belgium 4–1 in Antwerp.

The first match at Sparta's new stadium, Sparta Stadion Het Kasteel (The Castle), in the Spangen area of west Rotterdam, was played on October 14, 1916. The stadium was renovated in 1999 and is still Sparta's stadium.

Until the 2002/2003 season Sparta Rotterdam had always played at the highest level, but they were relegated from the top-level Eredivisie in 2002. Sparta returned to the Eredivisie for the 2005–06 season. They were relegated again in 2010. On 20 August 2010 they equalled Ajax Amsterdam's and Heracles Almelo's Dutch league record win when they defeated Almere City FC 12-1, Johan Voskamp scoring an Eerste Divisie record 8 goals on his debut.

Sparta has won six national titles (1909, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1915 and 1959) and three KNVB Cup (1958, 1962 and 1966).

Honours

- Eredivisie: 6
- KNVB Cup: 3

Domestic Results


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PlotArea = left:10 right:10 bottom:30 top:10
TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal format:yyyy
DateFormat = dd/mm/yyyy
Period = from:01/01/1990 till:01/01/2011
ScaleMajor = unit:year increment:1 start:1990
Colors =
id:bl1 value:rgb(0.5,0.8,0.5)
id:bl2 value:rgb(0.9,0.9,0.3)
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id:rn value:rgb(0.9,0.1,0.1)

PlotData=
bar:Position width:15 color:white align:center

from:01/01/1990 till:01/01/1991 shift:(0,-4) text:13
from:01/01/1991 till:01/01/1992 shift:(0,-4) text:8
from:01/01/1992 till:01/01/1993 shift:(0,-4) text:13
from:01/01/1993 till:01/01/1994 shift:(0,-4) text:9
from:01/01/1994 till:01/01/1995 shift:(0,-4) text:14
from:01/01/1995 till:01/01/1996 shift:(0,-4) text:6
from:01/01/1996 till:01/01/1997 shift:(0,-4) text:13
from:01/01/1997 till:01/01/1998 shift:(0,-4) text:13
from:01/01/1998 till:01/01/1999 shift:(0,-4) text:17
from:01/01/1999 till:01/01/2000 shift:(0,-4) text:13
from:01/01/2000 till:01/01/2001 shift:(0,-4) text:17
from:01/01/2001 till:01/01/2002 shift:(0,-4) text:17
from:01/01/2002 till:01/01/2003 shift:(0,-4) text:8
from:01/01/2003 till:01/01/2004 shift:(0,-4) text:3
from:01/01/2004 till:01/01/2005 shift:(0,-4) text:2
from:01/01/2005 till:01/01/2006 shift:(0,-4) text:14
from:01/01/2006 till:01/01/2007 shift:(0,-4) text:13
from:01/01/2007 till:01/01/2008 shift:(0,-4) text:13
from:01/01/2008 till:01/01/2009 shift:(0,-4) text:13
from:01/01/2009 till:01/01/2010 shift:(0,-4) text:16
from:01/01/2010 till:01/01/2011 shift:(0,-4) text:9

from:01/01/1990 till:01/01/2002 color:bl2 shift:(0,13) text: "Eredivisie"
from:01/01/2002 till:01/01/2005 color:bl1 shift:(0,13) text: "Eerste Divisie"
from:01/01/2005 till:01/01/2010 color:bl2 shift:(0,13) text: "Eredivisie"
from:01/01/2010 till:01/01/2011 color:bl1 shift:(0,13) text: "Eerste Divisie"



Below is a table with Sparta Rotterdam's domestic results since the introduction of the Eredivisie in 1956.

Sparta in Europe

- Q = Qualifying Round
- 1R = First Round
- 2R = Second Round
- 3R = Third Round
- 1/4 = Quarter Final

As of 1 August 2011

For recent transfers, see List of Dutch football transfers summer 2011

(on loan from Cercle Brugge)


(on loan from SV Zulte Waregem)

Former managers


- Frans Adelaar
- Gert Aandewiel
- Rob Baan
- Foeke Booy
- Cor Brom
- Henk ten Cate

- Wiel Coerver
- Chris Dekker
- Jos van Eck
- Jan Everse
- Willem van Hanegem
- Bert Jacobs
- George Kessler (coach)

- Fritz Korbach
- Aad de Mos
- Frank Rijkaard
- Dolf Roks
- Elek Schwartz
- Henk van Stee
- Mike Snoei

- Adri van Tiggelen
- Mircea Petescu
- Piet de Visser
- Theo Vonk




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