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Spartak Moskva

Spartak Moskva is a football (soccer) club from Russia.

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About Spartak Moskva

FC Spartak Moscow is a football (soccer) club from Moscow, Russia. They are nicknamed "Meat" because in Soviet era the club was owned by the Collective Production Farms (the kolkhoz and the sovkhoz) .

Spartak have won 12 Soviet Top League (second only to Dynamo Kyiv) and 9 of 16 Russian Premier League. They have also won the Soviet Cup 10 times and the Russian Cup 3 times. Spartak have also reached the semi-finals of all three European club competitions.

The football club is a part of the Spartak (sports society). Other teams in the society include ice hockey club HC Spartak Moscow.

History

Foundation


In the early days of Soviet football many government agencies such as the police, army, and railroads created their own clubs.
In 1921 the Moscow Sport Circle (Moscow sport club of Krasnopresnensky district) (Russian: МКС, Московский кружок спорта), later named Krasnaya Presnya was formed by Ivan Artemev and involved Starostin, especially in its football team.4 The team grew, building a stadium, supporting itself from ticket sales and playing matches across Russia.5 As part of a 1926 reorganisation of football in the USSR, Starostin arranged for the club to be sponsored by the food workers union and the club moved to the 13,000 seat Tomskii Stadium and was known as Pishcheviki . The team changed sponsors repeatedly over the following years as it competed with Dinamo Moscow, whose 35,000 seat Dinamo Stadium lay close by.

As a high-profile sportsman, Starostin came into close contact with Alexander Kosarev, secretary of the Komsomol (Communist Union of Youth) who already had a strong influence on sport and wanted to extend it.6 In November 1934, with funding from Promkooperatsiia, Kosarev employed Starostin and his brothers to develop his team to make it more powerful. Again the team changed its name, this time to Spartak Moscow.7 It took its name from the Roman slave rebel and athlete Spartacus

It became part of the Spartak Sports Society during its establishment on April 19, 1935

Soviet period

In 1935 Starostin proposed the name Spartak that was derived from Spartacus, a gladiator-slave who led a rebellion against Ancient Rome, and was inspired by eponymous book by Raffaello Giovagnoli. Starostin is also credited with the creation of the Spartak logo. The same year the club became a part of newly created Spartak (sports society).

Czech Republic manager Antonin Fivebr is credited as the first head coach of Spartak, though he worked as a consultant in several clubs simultaneously. In 1936 the Soviet Top League was established. The first Championship was won by FC Dynamo Moscow, while in the second one held the same year Spartak came first. Before the World War II Spartak gained two more titles.

During 1950-s Spartak together with FC Dynamo Moscow dominated in the Soviet Top League. When the USSR national football team won gold medals on the Football at the 1956 Summer Olympics, it consisted largely of Spartak players. Spartak captain Igor Netto was the captain of the national team from 1954 to 1963. In the 1960s, Spartak won two league titles, but by mid-60s Spartak was no more regarded as a leading Soviet club. The club was even less successful in the 1970s and in 1976 Spartak was relegated into the Soviet First League.

During the following season, the stadium was still full as the club's fans stayed with the team during its time in the lower division. Konstantin Beskov, who became the head coach (ironically, as a footballer Beskov made his name playing for Spartak's main rivals, FC Dynamo Moscow), introduced several young players, including Rinat Dasayev and Georgi Yartsev. Spartak came back the next year and won the title in 1979, beating FC Dynamo Kyiv and thanks to Spartak supporters, the period is considered to be the start of the modern-style fans' movement in the Soviet Union.

On October 20, 1982, Luzhniki disaster during the UEFA Cup match between Spartak and HFC Haarlem. Scores of people were trampled. The official number of deaths is 66 but many people believe this number to be significantly higher.

In 1989 Spartak won the its last USSR Championship defeating 2-1 the main rival Dynamo Kyiv in the closing round. Spartak's striker Valeri Shmarov (footballer) scored the "golden" free kick with almost no time left. The next season Spartak reached European Cup 1990-91 semifinal consequently eliminating S.S.C. Napoli (by penalties) and Real Madrid C.F. (with 3-1 away victory) but losing to Olympique de Marseille.

Modern period

A new page in the club’s history began when the USSR collapsed and its championship ceased to exist. In the newly created Russian league, Spartak, led by coach and president Oleg Romantsev dominated and won all but one title between 1992 and 2001. Year after year the team also represented Russia in the UEFA Champions League.

Problems began in the new century. Several charismatic players (Ilya Tsymbalar and Andrey Tikhonov among others) left the club as a result of conflict with Romantsev. Later Romantsev sold his stock to oil magnate Andrei Chervichenko, who in 2003 became the club president. The two were soon embroiled in a row that would continue until Romantsev was sacked in 2003 with the club suffering several sub-par seasons until Chervichenko finally sold his stock in 2004. The new ownership made a number of front office changes with the aim of returning the team to the top of the Russian Premier League.

In the 2005 in Russian football, Spartak, led by Aleksandrs Starkovs, finished 2nd in the league following an impressive run to beat FC Lokomotiv Moscow, FC Zenit Saint Petersburg and FC Rubin Kazan to the last Champions League place.

Following a mixed start to the 2006 season and public criticism from Dmitry Alenichev, the team's captain and one of its most experienced players, Starkovs left his position to Vladimir Fedotov.

Spartak was entitled to place a golden star on its badge in 2003 in commemoration of having won five Russian championships (this having been achieved in 1997).

Achievements

- Soviet Top League 1936 (autumn), 1938, 1939, 1952, 1953, 1956, 1958, 1962, 1969, 1979, 1987, 1989
- Russian Premier League 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001
- Soviet Cup 1938, 1939, 1946, 1947, 1950, 1958, 1963, 1965, 1971, 1992
- Russian Cup 1994, 1998, 2003
- Commonwealth of Independent States Cup 1993, 1994, 1995, 1999, 2000, 2001
- USSR Federation Cup 1987
- Champion of 1969 Friendship Cup 1969
- Ciutat de Barcelona Trophy 1982
- Runners-Up in the Russian League 2005, 2006, 2007
- Runners-Up in the Channel One Cup (football) 2007

European campaigns




League positions


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from:01/07/1991 till:01/07/1992 shift:(0,-4) text:1
from:01/07/1992 till:01/07/1993 shift:(0,-4) text:1
from:01/07/1993 till:01/07/1994 shift:(0,-4) text:1
from:01/07/1994 till:01/07/1995 shift:(0,-4) text:3
from:01/07/1995 till:01/07/1996 shift:(0,-4) text:1
from:01/07/1996 till:01/07/1997 shift:(0,-4) text:1
from:01/07/1997 till:01/07/1998 shift:(0,-4) text:1
from:01/07/1998 till:01/07/1999 shift:(0,-4) text:1
from:01/07/1999 till:01/07/2000 shift:(0,-4) text:1
from:01/07/2000 till:01/07/2001 shift:(0,-4) text:1
from:01/07/2001 till:01/07/2002 shift:(0,-4) text:3
from:01/07/2002 till:01/07/2003 shift:(0,-4) text:10
from:01/07/2003 till:01/07/2004 shift:(0,-4) text:8
from:01/07/2004 till:01/07/2005 shift:(0,-4) text:2
from:01/07/2005 till:01/07/2006 shift:(0,-4) text:2
from:01/07/2006 till:01/07/2007 shift:(0,-4) text:2
from:01/07/2006 till:01/07/2007 shift:(0,-4) text:2
from:01/07/2007 till:01/07/2008 shift:(0,-4) text:8

from:01/07/1991 till:01/07/2008 color:bl1 shift:(0,13) text: "Russian Premier League"



Nickname

The team is usually called "red-and-whites", but among the fans "The Meat" is a very popular nickname. The origins of the nickname belong to the days of the foundation of the club; in the 1920s the team was renamed several times, from "Moscow Sports Club" to "Red Presnya" (after the name of one of the districts of Moscow) to "Pishcheviki" ("Food industry workers") to "Promkooperatsiya" ("Industrial cooperation") and finally to "Spartak Moscow" in 1935, and for many years the team was under patronage of one of the Moscow food factories which dealt with meat products.

One of the most favourite slogans of both the fans and players is "Who are we? We're The Meat!" "Meats by Ste'

The other nickname is "Svin'i" ("Pigs"), although, unsurprisingly, this is considered offensive by the team's fans.

Rival teams

At present, Spartak's arch rival is PFC CSKA Moscow; although this is a relatively recent rivalry having only emerged in the last twenty years. One of the most celebrated rivalries is "Spartak-Dinamo", with neighbours FC Dynamo Moscow. However, this has faded somewhat due to Dinamo's poor performances. Matches against FC Lokomotiv Moscow and FC Zenit Saint Petersburg attract thousands of people as well, almost always resulting in packed stadiums.
Another rivalry was lost with the collapse of the Soviet Union. This was with Dynamo Kyiv, one of the leaders of the USSR championship; since they are now playing in the Ukraine championship, they must qualify for UEFA tournaments to meet each other.

Stadium

Spartak has never had its own stadium and the team has played in various Moscow stadiums throughout its history and even once an exhibition match on Red Square. Currently, the club's home ground is the 5-star Luzhniki Stadium which officially belongs to another Moscow club, Torpedo Moscow.

However, the club's new board has recently declared that "Spartak will soon play on their Spartak Moscow Stadion". The federal government has agreed to give land for the stadium near the Tushino air field. The construction will begin in 2007 and is expected to end in 2009.

Racism incidents

The club has a history of Racism incidences between supporters and foreign players, especially of black complexion, with the possible connivance of club officialsand players. In 2007, the club was placed under investigation by the RFU for their fans' behaviour, after a banner was unfurled in the stands which contained abuse directed at a club's new signing, Brazil Welliton Soares Morais; the banner read, in English language: "The number 11 belongs to Andrey Tikhonov. Monkey go home". The club was eventually found guilty, and fined 19,000 dollars. Later that same year, sixty-three football fans aged 13 to 16 were detained after drunken clashes that took place after Spartak Moscow's match against FK Moscow left a dark-skinned man from Siberia dead and two others injured.

As of March 12, 2009, according to the



Reserves

The following players are listed by Spartak's website as reserve players and are registered with the Premier League. They are eligible to play for the first team.


Out on loan



Notable players


Russia/USSR
- Nikolay Abramov
- Dmitri Alenichev
- Dimitri Ananko
- Vladimir Beschastnykh
- Artyom Bezrodny
- Denis Boyarintsev
- Aleksandr Bubnov
- Viktor Bulatov
- Maksim Buznikin
- Vladimir Bystrov
- Fyodor Cherenkov
- Stanislav Cherchesov
- Sergei Gorlukovich
- Rinat Dasayev
- Maksim Demenko
- Vadim Evseev
- Aleksandr Filimonov
- Anatoli Ilyin
- Anatoli Isayev
- Oleg Ivanov
- Valery Karpin
- Valery Kechinov
- Vagiz Khidiyatullin
- Galimzyan Khusainov
- Dmitri Khlestov
- Yuri Kovtun
- Anatoly Krutikov
- Vasili Kulkov
- Igor Lediakhov
- Evgenii Lovchev
- Gennady Logofet
- Ramiz Mamedov
- Vladimir Maslachenko
- Anatoli Maslyonkin
- Gennady Morozov
- Aleksandr Mostovoi
- Mukhsin Mukhamadiev
- Igor Netto
- Ruslan Nigmatullin
- Yuri Nikiforov
- Viktor Onopko
- Aleksei Paramonov
- Roman Pavlyuchenko
- Andrei Piatnitski
- Nikolai Pisarev
- Dmitri Popov
- Dmitri Radchenko

- Rashid Rakhimov
- Sergey Rodionov
- Oleg Romantsev
- Alexander Samedov
- Yuri Sevidov
- Nikita Simonyan
- Aleksandr Starostin
- Andrei Starostin
- Nikolay Starostin
- Petr Starostin
- Sergey Shavlo
- Igor Shalimov
- Aleksandr Shirko
- Valeri Shmarov (footballer)
- Dmitri Sychev
- Yegor Titov
- Andrey Tikhonov
- Dmitri Torbinski
- Ilia Tsymbalar
- Georgi Yartsev
- Sergei Yuran

Argentina
- Fernando Cavenaghi
- Clemente Rodríguez

Austria
- Emanuel Pogatetz
- Martin Stranzl

Bosnia
- Adnan Gušo

Brazil
- Antônio Géder
- Marcelo José da Silva
- Moisés Moura Pinheiro
- Mozart Santos Batista Júnior
- Robert de Pinho de Souza
- Luis Robson

Cameroon
- Jerry-Christian Tchuissé

Croatia
- Danijel Hrman
- Stipe Pletikosa

Czech Republic
- Martin Jiránek
- Radoslav Kováč

Georgia
- Otar Khizaneishvili
- Giorgi Lomaia

Germany
- Malik Fathi

Ghana
- Lawrence Adjei
- Quincy Owusu-Abeyie

Hungary
- Szabolcs Sáfár

Latvia
- Andrejs Rubins
- Andrejs Štolcers

Lithuania
- Gintaras Staučė

Macedonia
- Goran Maznov
- Igor Mitreski

Moldova
- Serghei Covalciuc

Morocco
- Abdelillah Bagui

Poland
- Wojciech Kowalewski

Romania
- Adrian Iencsi
- Florin Costin Şoava
- Gabriel Tamaş

Senegal
- Kébé Baye

Serbia
- Dušan Petković
- Mihajlo Pjanović
- Nemanja Vidić

Ukraine
- Maksym Kalynychenko
- Dmytro Parfenov
- Vladyslav Vashchuk

Uruguay
- Marcelo Sosa

Personnel

- President: Leonid Fedun
- Executive director: Valery Karpin
- Assistant manager: Sergey Rodionov
- Goalkeeping coach: Gintaras Staučė
- Reserves team coaches: Dmitry Gun'ko and Andrey Shiryayev.
- Physios: Vladimir Zotkin, Yury Vasilkov and Liu Hungsheng

Managers





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