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Marítimo

Marítimo is a football (soccer) club from Portugal.

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About Marítimo

Club Sport Marítimo Order of Merit (Portugal), commonly known as just Marítimo ( locally ), is a Portugal sports club, founded in Funchal, Madeira, in 1910. The club is regarded as an important club in Portugal, and are widely known throughout the Portuguese speaking world, in countries such as Brazil, Angola, and Cape Verde.

Marítimo is best known for its football team that currently plays in the top-flight competition, the Primeira Liga. The club's reserve team, C.S. Marítimo B, compete in the Portuguese Second Division. The football team has produced and featured many notable names in recent years, including Pepe (footballer born 1983) of Real Madrid C.F., Danny (footballer) of FC Zenit Saint Petersburg and Nuno Valente formerly of Everton F.C., to name just a few. Marítimo have dominated Madeira's regional football scene since its establishment but hold just one national title, the Portuguese Cup, which was won in 1926.

Often seen participating in the UEFA Cup, Marítimo's most recent foray into European competition came in 2008, when they lost 3–1 on aggregate to Spanish-giants Valencia CF. Nevertheless, Marítimo still maintain a proud home record against European opposition with victories over Rangers F.C., FC Aarau and Leeds United F.C..

In 2011, the ranking of the prestigious International Federation of Football History & Statistics puts Marítimo as the fifth best Portuguese club of this century. This ranking also confirms the status of the Club Sport Maritimo as the best club in Madeira in the XXI century.

The football team's home ground is the Estádio dos Barreiros which has hosted games since 1927, when it replaced the previous home Campo do Almirante Reis. The ground is currently being redeveloped into a Estádio do Marítimo which will be operational by 2011. The Complexo Desportivo do Marítimo, which houses the club's training facilities, headquarters and an indoor multi-sport arena was opened in 2006 and is located in the Santo António (Funchal) district of Funchal.

Aside from football, Marítimo also fields prominent teams in Portugal's premier Team handball and volleyball leagues whilst its supporters, who are nicknamed Maritimistas, avidly follow the club's futsal and roller hockey teams in national competition too.

History


Marítimo was founded on 20 September 1910 as Club Português de Sport Marítimo, by Cândido Fernandes de Gouveia. The club adopted the red and green colours of the new Republican flag of Portugal to distinguish themselves from rivals Club Sports da Madeira, who used the blue and white colours of the old monarchy flag which had been replaced 15 days earlier. The name Marítimo, meaning Marítimo in English, was used to reflect the fact that many of the team's players were workers of the nearby Funchal docks, a prominent employer at the time. The first ever match for Marítimo was a 2–1 win against Santa Clara, a select team composed of workers of Western Telegraph Company, and soon after began playing teams of sailors from visiting British ships. José Rodrigues Barrinhas, an old-fashioned attacking centre-half, made a name for himself in these games and in matches against rivals CS Madeira.

In 1921/22, the Portuguese clubs started playing a new national competition. The Portuguese Cup, played on a knock-out-basis (similar to the current Taça de Portugal), was the first national competition. After competing in the regional championships, the regional winners compete together to pick the Champion of Portugal. Fruit of the internal domain, Marítimo make 13 appearances in the 17 editions of the competition. After several attempts, the club finally won the Portuguese Cup in 1925/26. In the semi-final against F. C. Porto Marítimo won by 7-1. In the final against C.F. Os Belenenses Marítimo won by 2-0. It was after this great achievement that Marítimo was called "The Greatest of the Islands".

In the early 1930s, the club faces a serious financial crisis, without putting in cause its supremacy in the regional competitions. However, in 1934, they create a new national competition called Primeira Liga, in witch the teams outside the continental territory were excluded. Nevertheless in 1938/39 the teams from the islands start to participate in Portuguese Cup, after the champions of Madeira and Azores play a qualification round between them.
Being exclude from compete in the Primeira Liga, the club continues playing in regional competitions. It was in this period that the club won many of the Regional Championships. In 1950, the team made an amazing tour in Africa in witch made great achievements, raising high the name of the region.

Since 1934 the clubs of the Portuguese islands were excluded from participating in the national championships. However, after arduous negotiations with the Portuguese Football Federation, it was established that the winner in the regional championship of 1972/73, will play a qualifying round between the last of the Portuguese Second Division and the first of the Portuguese Third Division. Marítimo wins that regional championship and start to participate in the national championships. It was the first team from a Portuguese island to participate in the national championships. For the history stays the 36 Madeira Championships that Marítimo won between 1916-1973.

Marítimo was the first club outside continental territory to gain access to the First League in Portugal. Since then the club amassed 31 appearances in the higher tier of Portuguese football - being the 10th club with more appearances in the first league in its 77 editions. The consequences of long years without being able to compete regularly in national competitions were visible in the beginning. The fact that the island was not able to put teams in national competitions show the discrepancies in terms of infrastructures and organization between the regional and national reality. Yet the club in 1976/77 wins the Portuguese Second Division and rises to the Portuguese Liga, remaining there for over three seasons, thanks to the selflessness and race of its players. Due to the existing semi-professionalism and some logistical difficulties, the club is relegated to Portuguese Second Division in 1980/81, rising immediately next season, winning for the second time the Portuguese Second Division. However this rises and falls, after two seasons the club return to Portuguese Liga in the 1982/83. Since then the club remains in the Portuguese Liga consolidating is status of a team that compete to achieve a European competition.

Until the early 1990s, the club's best result was 9th in season 87/88. The entry of a young coach of 35 years, the ambitious Brazilian Paulo Autuori, allied to greater internal organization, make that in 1991/92 the club reached the 7th place, staying just outside of a possible European qualification. In the 1992/1993 season lived up to the times called wonder-trio (Ademir, Edmilson and Jorge Andrade), betting on Autuori attractive football and with the third best attack of the League (56 goals). The qualification comes in the final round after a game against Boavista FC, with victory of Marítimo 3-2. In that same season is also important the home wins against Sporting Clube de Portugal (4-2) and against Gil Vicente FC (7-0). Again the club was a pioneer, being the first island team to achieve a qualification for a European event, under the 5th place achieved. Since then the club has been a constant presence in prominent places in the Portuguese championship, having consolidated its position of prominence.

In 1994/95, another great achievement was made when the club qualify to the final of the Taça de Portugal, after defeating FC Porto in the semi-finals by 1-0. Marítimo disputes the final against Sporting Clube de Portugal, losing by 2-0. Six years later, in 2000/01 season, Marítimo achieved the final again, after defeating S.L. Benfica in the semi-final by 1-0. This time Marítimo play the final against FC Porto, losing again by 2-0. However, Marítimo still remain the only club in Madeira that reached the final of Taça de Portugal.

In 2007/2008 season the club secured over a European presence (UEFA), finishing the championship in 5th position with 46 points. After a season without playing in Europe, Marítimo qualifies for the 2010/2011 edition of the UEFA Europa League in the last game of the Portuguese Portuguese Liga, winning the Vitória S.C by 1-2 in Guimaraes, securing fifth place in the Portuguese Liga 2009/2010 and its presence in the seventh UEFA competitions.

Marítimo established a team that struggles every season to reach a European competition. As of the 2009–10 season, the club has played 30 campaigns at the top level of Portuguese football, where they have competed continuously since 1985–86. The teams' best ever league finish was 5th place, first achieved in 1992–93 and also four times since then.

Fans

Marítimo are known throughout the Portuguese speaking world and have significant fan bases in the former Portuguese colonies of Brazil, Angola, and Cape Verde, as well as areas of North East United States, Canada, the United Kingdom (specifically Jersey and London) and South Africa.

The club also has a big fans base in Venezuela, where sister club Club Sport Marítimo de Venezuela of Caracas have won several national Championships. The club was founded in 1959 by Portuguese immigrants living in Caracas, who based their new club on their favourite team from back home in Madeira. Even today, strong ties are kept between both clubs and supporters from either side of the Atlantic ocean. A similar situation is present in Cape Verde, where Marítimo (Porto Novo) play in the same green and red stripes when competing in the Santo Antão Island League (South).

Closer to home, the club has a proud reputation of being one of the most supported clubs in Portugal after the "Big Three (Portugal)", and the most popular club on their home island of Madeira, outranking local rivals Nacional and União. The club has over 9,000 registered members (sócios) and two predominant groups of Ultras, the and the , the bigger and more infamous of the two.

There are several famous fans of Marítimo who have publicly declared their support for the team on various occasion, such as the multimillionaire businessman Joe Berardo and Madeira's Regional Governor, the controversial politician Alberto João Jardim.

The club was used a political vehicle in the 1970s during Madeira's fight for freedom and autonomy from mainland Portugal. Governor Jardim proclaimed his support of the club in order to gain votes and the backing from the people of Madeira, while the people in turn supported Marítimo as a symbol of their pride and allegiance to Madeira.

Rivalries

Marítimo's main local rivals are C.D. Nacional, although there is also plenty of ill-feeling towards minnows C.F. União, who are effectively the "third club of Madeira" after the aforementioned. The Madeira derby between Marítimo and Nacional is often associated with the clubs followers' differing culture and way of life. The fans of Nacional, being of a higher socio-economic status than those of Marítimo, are mainly lobbyists for the commercial expansion of Madeira, while the followers of Maritimo are usually of the working class. This only exacerbates the ill-feeling between the clubs, which is made even more tense by the fact that controversial regional governor Alberto João Jardim has used Marítimo as a political vehicle and to gain public popularity.

The rivalry heightened in the mid-1990s when Jardim proposed a plan to unite Madeira's three main clubs, who at the time were all competing in the top division. Nacional and União both pledged their support for the scheme, in a bid for Madeira to realistically contend with the "Big Three (Portugal)" for the league title; however, Marítimo's fans rejected the idea in mass numbers, stamping their superiority on Madeira's footballing scene.

Stadium


Previously playing at the Campo do Almirante Reis until they moved out in 1927, Marítimo currently play their home games at the Estádio dos Barreiros, the municipality stadium of Funchal. The stadium was originally built by rival club Nacional but came into the hands of the local Government after the club fell into a financial crisis. Although uniquely picturesque the stadium is rapidly aging, despite numerous face lifts over the years, and for the best part of a decade the club has sought after an alternative site for a new stadium.

The club also own the Campo da Imaculada Conceição, a small stadium in the north of Funchal. The land it stands on was purchased by supporters and donated to the club who thus constructed the stadium, which was officially inaugurated on October 3, 1965. Situated adjacent to the club's Complexo Desportivo, the ground is used for C.S. Marítimo B-matches and for training sessions.

In October 2006, it was announced that the club would construct a Estádio do Marítimo in the Praia Formosa area of West Funchal. However, after several delays and a political war over funding and planning, the stadium plans were put on hold indefinitely, adding to a list of set-backs that stretch well over a decade. The fact that archrivals Nacional were allowed to construct a new stand and training facility at their Estádio da Madeira (with government backing) angered Marítimo's fans even more.

A year later, on September 14, 2007, an agreement between the club's directors and the Madeiran government (of whom own a 40% share of the club) was reached to use the site of the current Estádio dos Barreiros as the location of a brand new, reconstructed commercial stadium. Work began on the new stadium on July 20, 2009, with the realigning of the pitch and demolition of the Bancada Nascente, reducing the current capacity to 5,000 seats. Initial plans indicated that the stadium would be completed by 2011 but after numerous set-backs occurring, it will be finished by 2012 at the earliest.

Attendances

The attendances of Marítimo's home games have been on a steady decline since the late 1990s, with the average attendance filling just half of the stadium's capacity in recent seasons. Nevertheless, the recent beginning of the work on the new stadium, on July 20, 2009, has reducing the current capacity to 5,000 seats. This also contributed to a decline on the attendances.

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Notable Former Players


- Carlos Chaínho
- Rui Marques
- Mariano Toedtli
- Christian Correa Dionisio
- Gustavo Manduca
- Léo Lima
- Serginho Chulapa
- Rodrigo de Souza Cardoso
- Ilian Iliev
- Alex Bunbury
- John Richards (footballer)
- Grégory Arnolin
- Takahito Soma

- Musa Shannon
- Tarik Sektioui
- Mitchell van der Gaag
- Colin Hill
- Ariza Makukula
- José Rodrigues Barrinhas
- Bruno Fernandes (footballer born 1974)
- Carlos Jorge (footballer)
- António Alves Tremura
- Daniel Kenedy
- Danny (footballer)
- Fernando Santos (Portuguese footballer)
- Filipe Oliveira

- Jorge Costa
- Nuno Morais
- Nuno Valente
- Paulo Alves
- Paulo Madeira
- Pepe (footballer born 1983)
- Artur de Sousa Pinga
- Tonel
- Marius Şumudică
- Ian Wallace (footballer)
- Andrej Komac
- Fernando de Ornelas
- Collins Mbesuma

Managers and head coaches

Current management team

{), the club also field a prominent team handball team (See C.S. Marítimo (handball)), a National Championship-winning women's basketball team and a popular futsal team (See C.S. Marítimo (futsal)). Other sports groups within the organisation include Athletics (track and field), figure skating, fishing, futsal, karate, kart racing, rallying, rhythmic gymnastics, roller hockey, rugby union and swimming.




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