is a football (soccer) club from Portugal.
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About FC Porto
Futebol Clube do Porto , commonly known as FC Porto, Porto, or FCP, is a Portugal multi-sports club from the city of Porto, in the Norte Region, Portugal of the country. Although they successfully compete in a number of different sports, FC Porto is mostly known for its association football team. Founded in Porto in September 28, 1893, it is one of the "Três Grandes" (Big Three (Portugal), in English), football clubs in Portugal, with S.L. Benfica and Sporting C.P. being the other two clubs, FC Porto's biggest rivals. FC Porto's supporters are often called "Portistas" or "Dragões" (Dragons).
It is the most successful Portuguese football club in international competitions, with 7 titles, and the second most successful in domestic competitions, with 63 titles. It is also the most successful Portuguese football club in terms of total titles, with 70 titles.
Domestically, it holds the record of five Portuguese Liga titles in a row, having won the Portuguese Liga 25 times. Other national titles won by the club include the Portuguese Cup/Portuguese Cup 20 times and the Portuguese SuperCup 18 times. FC Porto has the distinction of being one of only two teams in the history of the Portuguese Liga to have completed an entire 30 game season unbeaten (in the 2010–11 Primeira Liga season), with the other being S.L. Benfica in the 1972–73 Primeira Liga season. In the 2010–11 Primeira Liga season, FC Porto achieved the largest difference ever between champion and runners-up (21 points).
FC Porto is an internationally lauded team, with a national record of seven international titles: the 1986–87 European Cup, the 1987 Intercontinental Cup, the 1987 UEFA Super Cup (Portugal's only UEFA Super Cup trophy), thus becoming one of a few teams in the world to hold in possession three major international titles simultaneously and the only one in Portugal, the 2003 UEFA Cup Final (Portugal's only UEFA Cup trophy), the 2003–04 UEFA Champions League (Portugal's only UEFA Champions League trophy), the 2004 Intercontinental Cup (Portugal's only Intercontinental Cup (football) trophies) and the 2010–11 UEFA Europa League (Portugal's only UEFA Europa League trophy).
In addition, FC Porto was runners-up in the 1983–84 European Cup Winners' Cup, in the 2003 UEFA Super Cup, in the 2004 UEFA Super Cup and in the 2011 UEFA Super Cup.
FC Porto was one of the founding members of the Primeira Liga in 1933, and, together with S.L. Benfica and Sporting Clube de Portugal, it has never been relegated from the First Division (Primeira Divisão, in Portuguese language) of Portuguese football. FC Porto was also one of the founding members of the disbanded G-14, and is a member of the European Clubs Association (one of the founding members as well).
The club was founded in 1893 by a wine merchant, António Nicolau de Almeida. The original stadium still exists (the field of constitution), currently serving the formation of the club, under the name Dragon Force.
FC Porto's nickname, "Dragões" (Dragons), as well as the name of their stadium, Estádio do Dragão (Dragon's Stadium), is related to the club's coat of arms. Until 1922 the club's emblem was a blue football with the letters FCP in white. That year, one of the club's players thought of combining that emblem with the city of Porto's coat of arms at the time. These arms, given by Queen Maria II of Portugal in 1837 (subsequently altered in 1940), had a quartered shield, showing in the first and fourth quarter the arms of Portugal, and in the second and third quarter the Virgin Mary holding the Child Jesus. The crest of the Royal House of Portugal was a dragon holding the motto "Invicta" (undefeated), surrounded by the collar of the Order of the Tower and Sword, Portugal's highest honour, bestowed on the city by the queen after the undefeated Siege of Porto. Still today the official titles of the city of Porto are: "Antiga, Mui Nobre, Sempre Leal e Invicta" (ancient, very noble, always loyal and undefeated), and to this date, the city is often referred to in Portugal as "a (cidade) Invicta" (the undefeated city). The colours of the club may likewise be inspired by the historical colours of Portugal: until the 5 October 1910 revolution, the Portuguese flag was blue and white (instead of the modern green and red) with the coat of arms of Portugal in the centre, crowned by a royal crown.
1984 Cup Winners' Cup
When Pinto da Costa joined as president, FC Porto was the only club from the Big Three (Portugal) without European honours, but that quickly changed. Its first final in an international competition was played against Juventus F.C. for the 1984 European Cup Winners' Cup Final, however FC Porto lost, in a match that became known for the bad refereeing of Adolf Prokop . The coach was José Maria Pedroto.
, the name hand-picked by José Maria Pedroto, won its first European honour in a thrilling European Cup 1986–87 Final victory over FC Bayern Munich in the European Cup 1986–87.
against AFC Ajax, and the Intercontinental Cup (football) against Peñarol, making it the first Portuguese winners of either cup. The coach was Tomislav Ivić.
The following 16 years saw FC Porto as an average team – often in the final 16, but not progressing much further. The exception was in 1994, when Porto reached the semi-finals of the UEFA Champions League. The semi-final, decided on a single game, resulted in a heavy loss (UEFA Champions League 1993–94 Semi-finals) at the hands of Johann Cruyff's FC Barcelona at the Nou Camp.
2003 UEFA Cup winners and first Treble
In 2003, under the guidance of José Mourinho, FC Porto made a UEFA Cup run, concluding with a victory in the 2003 UEFA Cup Final against Celtic F.C. in Seville, Spain. It was FC Porto's first Treble (association football) (consisting in the Portuguese Liga, in the Portuguese Cup and in the UEFA Cup titles).
In this year, FC Porto lost the UEFA Super Cup against A.C. Milan.
, FC Porto never lost again in the Champions League, relegating Olympique de Marseille to the UEFA Cup (where they reached the final), drawing with Manchester United F.C. at Old Trafford (football) in the dying minutes of play to go through on aggregate, and beating Olympique Lyonnais and Deportivo de La Coruña. FC Porto beat AS Monaco FC 3–0 in the UEFA Champions League 2003–04 Final, played in Arena AufSchalke in Germany. FC Porto's UEFA Champions League winning line-up for their spectacular cup-run was: Vítor Baía, Nuno Valente, Ricardo Carvalho, Jorge Costa(c), Paulo Ferreira, Costinha, Maniche, Pedro Mendes, Deco (Pedro Emanuel), Derlei (Benni McCarthy), and Carlos Alberto de Jesus (Dmitri Alenichev).
In this year, FC Porto lost the UEFA Super Cup against Valencia CF.
to Chelsea F.C., the club kept winning at the international level. On 12 December 2004, FC Porto won the last-held Intercontinental Cup (football), by beating Once Caldas from Colombia 8–7 in a penalty shoot-out. The coach was Víctor Fernández.
2011 UEFA Europa League winners and second Treble
2011 saw the club winning a second Treble (consisting in the Portuguese Liga, Portuguese Cup and UEFA Europa League titles). Under the guidance of André Villas-Boas (who became at 33 years old the youngest coach ever to win a European competition), FC Porto won the 2010–11 UEFA Europa League ensuring its second UEFA Cup/UEFA Europa League title. It was the first European final ever between two Portuguese clubs (FC Porto and S.C. Braga). Radamel Falcao also set a new goalscoring record of 17 goals in 14 matches during the campaign (Play-off round excluded), surpassing Jürgen Klinsmann's previous record.
In this year, FC Porto lost the UEFA Super Cup against F.C. Barcelona.
.2Porto were deducted six points due to suspicion on attempted bribery of referees in the 2003–04 season (Pinto da Costa denied it and after the trial the club was absolved).
- Last updated: 18 December 2011
- Pos. = Position; Pl = Match played; W = Win; D = Draw; L = Lost; GS = Goal Scored; GA = Goal Against; Pts = Points
- Primeira Liga (Primeira Divisão, Primeira Liga, Campeonato Nacional): 25
- Portuguese Liga 1934–35, Portuguese Liga 1938–39, Portuguese Liga 1939–40, Portuguese Liga 1955–56, Portuguese Liga 1958–59, Portuguese Liga 1977–78, Portuguese Liga 1978–79, Portuguese Liga 1984–85, Portuguese Liga 1985–86, Portuguese Liga 1987–88, Portuguese Liga 1989–90, Portuguese Liga 1991–92, Portuguese Liga 1992–93, Portuguese Liga 1994–95, Portuguese Liga 1995–96, Portuguese Liga 1996–97, Portuguese Liga 1997–98, Portuguese Liga 1998–99, Portuguese Liga 2002–03, Portuguese Liga 2003–04, Portuguese Liga 2005–06, Portuguese Liga 2006–07, Portuguese Liga 2007–08, Portuguese Liga 2008–09, 2010–11 Portuguese Liga
- Portuguese Cup/Portuguese Cup (Campeonato de Portugal/Taça de Portugal): 20
- - 1922 Campeonato de Portugal, 1924–25, 1931–32, 1936–37, 1955–56, 1957–58, 1967–68, 1976–77, 1983–84, 1987–88, 1990–91, 1993–94, 1997–98, 1999–00, 2000–01, 2002-03 in Portuguese football Cup of Portugal, 2005-06 in Portuguese football Cup of Portugal, 2008–09 Taça de Portugal, 2009–10 Taça de Portugal, 2010–11 Taça de Portugal
- SuperCup Cândido de Oliveira (Supertaça de Portugal): 18 (record)
- - 1981, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2006, 2009, 2010 Supertaça Cândido de Oliveira, 2011 Supertaça Cândido de Oliveira
- UEFA Champions League: 2
- - Winners (2) : 1987 European Cup Final, 2004 UEFA Champions League Final
- UEFA Europa League: 2
- - Winners (2) : 2003 UEFA Cup Final, 2011 UEFA Europa League Final
- UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
- - Runners-up (1) : 1984 European Cup Winners' Cup Final
- UEFA Super Cup: 1
- - Winners (1) : 1987 European Super Cup
- - Runners-up (3) : 2003 UEFA Super Cup, 2004 UEFA Super Cup, 2011 UEFA Super Cup
- Intercontinental Cup (football): 2
- - Winners (2) : 1987 Intercontinental Cup, 2004 Intercontinental Cup
- Iberian Cup: 1 (unofficial)
- - Winners (1) : 1935
- World Soccer Magazine World Team of the Year:
- - Winners (1) : 1987
African Footballer of the Year
The following players have won the African Footballer of the Year whilst playing for Porto:
- Rabah Madjer – 1987
The following players have won the UEFA Champions League whilst playing for Porto:
- Vitor Baia – 2004
- Deco – 2004
- Ricardo Carvalho – 2004
- Paulo Ferreira – 2004
European Golden Boot
The following players have won the European Golden Shoe whilst playing for Porto:
- Fernando Gomes (36 goals) – 1983
- Fernando Gomes (39 goals) – 1985
- Mário Jardel (72 points) – 1999